Chadian National Army - Recent Operations
The quality and performance of the Chadian armed forces from 1960 to 1970 was not good, even though the Chadian soldiers had previously proved their ability when properly led by French officers. From a purely military point of view, military operations against the guerillas in the 1960's were effective. It must be recognized, however, that this was in large measure due to French forces which had been recalled to Chad in the late 1960's. This recall resulted from a military agreement between France and Chad which gave Paris the responsibility to provide for defense from external and internal threats to Chad's security. Large amounts of training and equipment were also provided by France. But in 1971, French forces had begun a phased withdrawal from Chad. Another more serious liability was a result of the nonprofessional conduct of the military forces. Most actions, by both the national army and the forces of the French Foreign Legion stationed in Chad, had been search and destroy operations directed against guerilla forces. However, the pacification of rebel strongholds by the southern forces was often accomplished with excessive brutality and unnecessary bloodshed. Often more damage was done to civilians than to guerillas.
Chad is at the center of several countries affected by armed conflict including the presence on its borders very aggressive Islamist organizations in Nigeria and Libya.
- In January 2013, Chad triggered an emergency military operation to help Mali, then under the terrorist threat, and dispatched a battalion of 3000 men of the forces armées tchadiennes en intervention au Mali (FATIM). The Chadian army would play a key role in the re-conquest of the Far North of Mali, alongside the French ally, including the Adrar des Iforas, a stronghold of Al-Qaeda in Islamic Maghreb (AQIM ). President of Chad Idriss Déby sent to Mali, at the request of France, 2 000 soldiers to participate in the military campaign against the djihaddistes threatening the regime in Bamako. The Chadian battalion, reduced to 1700 men, and part of the MINUSMA, the force of the United Nations,wais essentially in the most sensitive areas. A UN diplomat said "If the Chadian soldiers leave, it's a catastrophe. No one would be able to go where they are", in comments reported by Jeune Afrique. In Mali, Chad had paid a heavy price. A total of 36 Chadian soldiers were killed and 80 wounded in Mali.
- In war against Boko Haram in Nigeria, the Chadian army withdrew from the territory and does not maintain a permanent quota, pending the imminent release of the multinational joint Task Force (MNJTF) but still amassed border. She regularly uses its right of action to support the Cameroonian and Nigerian forces against conducting offensives and incursions into Nigerian territory against the Islamic State in West Africa (formerly Boko Haram). The Chadian armed forces were quick to penetrate deep in Nigeria near the town of Dikwa -to 90 km from Maiduguri, capital of Borno State in northeastern Nigeria-where 117 terrorists were eliminated during heavy fighting between Chadian army and fighters of the Nigerian Islamist group Boko Haram, according to an official report of the Chadian army statement. The Chadian air force also uses its combat helicopters and fighter jets by carrying out raids against targets of the terrorist group in Nigeria.
- In the area of Lake Chad, both air and water forces are present. Since military action against Boko Haram, the Chadian army has lost more than 75 soldiers and more than 400 injured, some, burned after suicide bombers or explosions of gas cylinders are treated in Yaoundé, at the request Cameroon, in solidarity. In total, more than 5,000 soldiers were fighting against the terrorist group based in Nigeria. The countries of the Lake Chad Basin (Chad, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon and Benin) have planned to mobilize 8,700 men in a multinational force against Boko Haram, including at least 3,000 Chadian soldiers. Without delay, Chadian President Idriss Deby Itno took the initiative in deciding mid January to launch its troops - deployed on both sides of the Chad lake in battle. Around 2 500 soldiers are deployed deployed in the Far North Cameroon, on the border with Nigeria, while over 400 Chadian military vehicles massed at the Niger-Nigeria border alongside Nigerian forces, close to bastions of Boko Haram. for most of its military operations, the military support of the valuable information provided by the french ally that plays an important role, thanks to its sophisticated means.
Throughout the year 2015, Chadian security forces executed several cordon and search operations in the Lake Chad region in an effort to prevent spillover from ongoing security operations in Niger, Nigeria, and Cameroon that effectively squeezed Boko Haram further into Chadian territory. Following twin attacks in N’Djamena in June, the Government of Chad found and arrested the leadership of the Boko Haram cell in N’Djamena, leading to the discovery of a Boko Haram safe house in June and a large weapons cache in early July. The Government of Chad passed counterterrorism legislation on August 5. Law 034/PR/2015 explicitly criminalizes terrorism and provides penalties for those convicted of terrorist acts. The law imposes the death penalty on any person who commits, finances, recruits, and/or trains people for participation in acts of terrorism, regardless of where the act was intended to be carried out. The law extended the pre-trial detention period to 30 days, renewable twice on authorization from the public prosecutor. Penalties for lesser terrorist offenses were increased to life imprisonment. On 16 January 2015, the Government of Chad received parliament’s approval to send troops to the northern regions of Cameroon near the Nigerian border. This decision, which received broad popular support, came amid rising concerns about the economic impact of the siege on the Chadian economy, as Chad depends heavily on the importation of goods that transit through Nigeria and northern Cameroon.
- At the Libyan border Chadian army has reinforced its military continued to monitor a long international border of 1055 km. The operation allows constant monitoring of the movements in the area, with drones and aircraft. In an interview with the daily "Le Figaro", in 19 June 2015, Chadian President Idriss Deby was concerned about the development of jihadist training camps in Libya and contagion into Chad. For Idriss Déby, "the jihadists are able to repeat what they did in Mali. Maybe not in the same way, they will definitely change strategy. They have training camps in the Jebel Akhdar [close coast, east of Libya, Ed], and brigades that are in Benghazi, Tripoli, Sebha [south of Tripoli] in full sight of everyone. This is changing the way the more negative it possible for Libya but also for us."
- With the Sudan mixed force, Chad maintained a joint mixed force patrolling day and night, throughout a long continuous 1360 km border . The number of Chadian soldiers assigned to such monitoring vary between 700 and 1200. The command post of the General Staff of the Joint Force alternates between Abeche and El Geneina (capital of the Sudanese state of West Darfur located at a twenty kilometers from the Chad), every six months.
- In March 2014 Chadian troops operating as part of the International Support Mission to the Central African Republic (MISCA) in the CAR fired into a civilian crowd at a Bangui market, killing at least 28 persons and injuring numerous others. According to Amnesty International (AI), Chadian troops were involved in other incidents, including the killings of civilians in February 2014 in Bangui and the towns of Boali and Damra. In April 2014 the government announced the withdrawal of its forces from MISCA. The border with the Central African Republic under high supervision on 10 May 2014, Chad has announced the closure of its longest continuous border of 1197 kilometers that separates the Central African Republic, after making the repatriation of its nationals, refugees, Muslims and Central Africans who felt it safer. 24 hours later, a joint force of the Chadian army was set up by the Governor of Salamat Djibert Yunus, to secure the Chad-CAR border. Many military vehicles had been moving from N'Djamena towards the border to build the force.
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