CGN 35 Truxtun
On 27 May 1967 USS TRUXTUN was commissioned as the US Navy's fourth nuclear-powered surface ship following USS BAINBRIDGE (CGN-25), USS LONG BEACH (CGN-9) and USS ENTERPRISE (CVN-65). The actual cost of the Bainbridge was $60 million more than the $108 million initially estimated to build the U.S. Navy's first nuclear frigate. This development eroded support within the U.S. Navy for ships of her type. During discussions on the Navy's Fiscal Year 1962 budget, however, Congress arbitrarily substituted a nuclear frigate for one of the ten ships the Navy had projected for the Belknap (CG 26) class. A repeat of the Bainbridge design was sought at first, but since the large AN/SQS-26 sonar was being introduced in the CG 26 class, it was decided that the nuclear version of these ships should be also equipped with the same sonar.
The hull form of the Truxtun was made similar to that of the Bainbridge, but with the addition of the SQS-26 dome. The weapon arrangement was modified with the 5inch gun placed forward instead of aft as in the Belknap class. The ASROC launcher was deleted as its missile could now be accommodated in the Terrier launcher and magazine. Since the Terrier launcher was located aft, the ASROC could only be launched in a forward quadrant not directly over the bow. A Terrier launcher forward would have been better suited for anti-submarine operations.
The Truxtun, like the Bainbridge, was a single ship class: a nuclear version of the Belknap class. As built the ship had two Mk 25 torpedo tubes for 21-inch Mark 48 wire-guided torpedoes built into the stern structure with the provision of ten reloads. They were subsequently removed. The Truxtun was then equipped with Mk 32 tubes that were built into the after deckhouse.
A helicopter landing platform was provided aft just forward of the Terrier missile launcher at the aft end of the raised forecastle deck. Although the Truxtun had been intended to operate drone anti-submarine helicopters (DASH), cancellation of this program led to the redesign of the helicopter facility to handle the SH-2 LAMPS. This helicopter could work with the long-range AN/SQS-26 active search and medium frequency sonar.
TRUXTUN made history in 1971 by becoming the first nuclear powered surface ship to visit Yokosuka, Japan. From February 1974 to June 1975 TRUXTUN underwent her first comprehensive overhaul and nuclear refueling at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Washington. Upon completion of overhaul USS TRUXTUN (DLGN-35) was redesignated as a Nuclear Guided Missile Cruiser (CGN). From September 1982 to July 1984 USS TRUXTUN underwent her final complex overhaul at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard which included upgrading the combat system suite to its final configuration.
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