Block 1 Ground Standoff Minefield Detection System (GSTAMIDS)
Ground Standoff Mine Detection System (GSTAMIDS) Block 1 was envisioned as a teleoperated mine detection vehicle (MDV) that would be remotely controlled from another vehicle. The MDV would employ multiple sensors (metal detector, ground penetrating radar, and quadrupole resonance) in order to detect all types of mines. Mine detection data would be processed on-board the MDV and sent by way of a data link to the operator display in the control vehicle. The mine detection decision would be automatic and would not require any decisions by the soldier operator. It was also proposed that the MDV have an on-board neutralizer, as well as a proposal that a different platform could be used to neutralize the marked mines.
GSTAMIDS Block 1 was the second program in a spiral development strategy to field an objective vehicle mounted mine detection system. Block 0 (in production in FY03) provided the basic GSTAMIDS capabilities for support and stability operations. Block 1 (production originally projected for FY06) was a vehicle mounted system of advanced countermine capabilities that would leverage technical successes in other countermine programs. As of 2002, Block 1 was beginning a 2.5 year PDRR phase, followed by a 3 year EMD phase. Block 1 would be fielded to all Corps level wheeled engineer battalions.
Block 1 would detect, confirm, and neutralize mines on major supply routes. MDVs would be operated in echelon in order to clear an entire roadway. The MDVs would be remotely controlled from other vehicles, which would advance behind the MDVs at a safe distance. It would detect and mark the location of mines for a distance of 20 km in 12 hours (required) and 40 km in 6 hours (desired) in support of route clearance operations. Block 1 would detect the greatest possible number of metallic and non-metallic anti-tank mines (required) plus anti-personnel mines and improved conventional munitions (desired), surface laid or buried, in both daylight and night time conditions.
With the advent of the Army's Objective Force Transformation, the GSTAMIDS Block 1 program was restructured to meet the countermine requirements for the Future Combat Systems program. As a result the program name was changed to GSTAMIDS FCS, an FCS Complementary System, ACAT III, Spiral 3 program, to be fielded as part of FCS Increment I. The April 2003 Joint Requirements Oversight Council approved FCS Operational Requirements Document included countermine requirements for mine detection, mine and lane marking and mine neutralization and reporting to the C4ISR network. In October 2003, the GSTAMIDS FCS Program was officially started. As a result, further development of Block 0 was terminated in mid-2003.
In support of the Engineer School's Assured Mobility Concept in forward areas, the Unit of Action would need to conduct countermine operations. GSTAMIDS FCS would be installed on 2 Multifunction Utility/Logistics Equipment (MULE) vehicles. GSTAMIDS FCS would detect and mark mines, temporarily mark the lane and bypass or neutralize antitank mines along a 4-meter path on primary and secondary roads at a speed of 5-15 kph. These unmanned ground vehicles would proceed forward at maximum speed to a region of interest as defined by situational awareness. The GSTAMIDS FCS would perform its mission then proceed to the next ROI.
As an unmanned system, the GSTAMIDS FCS program was not part of the decision to partially terminate elements of the FCS Program in mid-2008. The elements of the FCS program that were partially terminated were mainly associated with the program's manned components.
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