Block 0 Ground Standoff Minefield Detection System (GSTAMIDS)
Ground Standoff Mine Detection System (GSTAMIDS) Block 0 was intended to be an upgrade over the existing Interim Vehicular Mounted Mine Detection (IVMMD) system. GSTAMIDS Block 0 would consist of a teleoperated mine detection vehicle and a blast protected control vehicle. The mine detection vehicle would employ multiple sensors (metal detector, GPR and IR) in order to detect all types of anti-tank mines. Mine detection data would be processed on-board the mine detection vehicle. The mine detection decision would be automatic and the data would be displayed to the operator in the control vehicle by way of a data link.
GSTAMIDS Block 0 was a contingency asset designed for the primary purpose of detecting mines in support of stability and support operations at the Corps level. In GSTAMIDS Block 0, the primary mission was mine detection and marking in support of route clearance operations during stability and support operations. It was a 2-vehicle system that consisted of a teleoperated mine detection vehicle (MDV), which employed ground-penetrating radar, an infrared camera and metal detectors to detect all types of antitank mines; and, a mine protected clearance vehicle (MPCV) that provided a mine-protected platform from which soldier/operators could remotely control the MDV and interrogate suspected mine locations.
GSTAMIDS Block 0 would provide mine detection, marking, and neutralization in support of route clearance operations. Block 0 would operate on the digitized battlefield via FBCB2. GSTAMIDS Block 0 was the first part of a spiral development strategy to field an objective vehicular mounted mine detection system. Block 1 (initially expected to enter production in FY06) and Block 2 (initially expected to enter production in FY11) would provide better detection and neutralization capabilities with more advanced technologies. By 1999, Block 0 had begun a 3-year EMD phase that would culminate in a MS III decision in the fourth quarter of FY02.
GSTAMIDS Block 0 was intended to detect and mark 90 percent of all anti-tank mines on unimproved roads with a false alarm rate not to exceed 60 per linear kilometer at an average speed on 5 kph. It would provide a teleoperation capability to remove the operator from the inherent risks of mine detection operations. It would also provide a control vehicle with a neutralization capability.
The Mine Protected Clearance Vehicle (MPCV) was intended to be a blast resistant vehicle intended to protect soldiers from the effects of mine blasts, during route clearance operations, as part of the GSTAMIDS Block 0 system. Soldiers would remotely control the functions of the GSTAMIDS Mine Detection (MDV) from the MPCV. Soldiers using teleoperation capability from the MPCV would be afforded "stand-off" protection from the effects of possible AT mine blasts during mine detection and confirmation missions. The system would be equipped with a hydraulic arm to interrogate the suspected mine site.
The concept of operations initially had the MPCV following approximately 125 meters (for 3 vehicles in echelon, METT-T dependent) behind the Mine Detection Vehicle (MDV). The MPCV consists of a 5-soldier crew. The MPCV operator would drive the MPCV and stay within the marked path created by the MDV. The driver would stop prior to each suspected mine marked on the road by the MDV while staying within path marked by the MDV. Once the MPCV had stopped at a suspected mine the Mechanical Arm Confirmation Operator (MACO) would operate the hydraulic arm to confirm or deny the presence of a mine. If a mine was found, the MACO would move the mine off to the side of the road for subsequent neutralization. Once the MACO had completed all required actions the MPCV Driver would proceed to the next mine declaration. The vehicle teleoperation (VT) operator would control the speed and direction of the MDV through the VT Operator Control Unit (OCU). The GSTAMIDS Operator would monitor the GSTAMIDS Block 0 system functions and a "waterfall" display of mine marking activity through the GSTAMIDS Display Unit (GDU). The fifth crew-member was a Non-Commissioned Officer (NCO) to provide supervision and command and control of all operations within the MPCV.
In June 2001, the US Army selected a Lion II based vehicle. The basis of issue of the vehicle would be one-for-one with GSTAMIDS Block 0 and Block 1 systems, as the vehicle was initially intended to be an integral component of both systems. Technical Solutions Group was asked to refine the design, and the resulting product was called the Buffalo.
Development on the Block 0 (Improved Interim Vehicle-Mounted Mine Detector) program was terminated in mid-2003 to make way for the FCS GSTAMIDS program will begin in October 2003.
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