The V-22 Osprey is designed to be operated by a crew of two, pilot and copilot, situated side-by-side in the cockpit. Each crewmember is considered redundant (for system survivability) in that each has a complete set of controls necessary to fly the aircraft. Incapacitation of both crewmembers would result in aircraft attrition. Each crewmember is seated in an armored bucket seat. Construction is of boron carbide/spectra 1000B and has a ballistic V50 rating of 2700 ft/sec for 0.30 cal. APM2 projectiles at 0 degrees obliquity. In addition, each crew member is protected by an armored vest with the same ballistic rating as the seat armor.
The V-22's cockpit features side-by-side seating for the pilot and co-pilot. The Marine Corps MV-22 has a folding crashworthy jumpseat for a third crew member mounted on the forward face of the cabin/cockpit door. The special operations CV-22 has a folding, crashworthy jumpseat with an extended seat pan allowing a flight engineer access to the center and overhead consoles. The pilot's main flight instruments are provided on two multifunctional displays (MFDs) on the instrument panel in front of each pilot. These MFDs provide each pilot access to the cockpit management system including flight symbology, sensor video, communication-navigation, and system data.
The Control Display Unit / Engine Instrument Crew Alerting System (CDU/EICAS) provides the pilot critical system status and control. The engine instruments portion of the display provides full time display of critical aircraft parameters, including NG, MGT, oil pressure, gearbox temperatures and pressures, and hydraulic system pressures. The CDU function provides the primary means of data entry to the cockpit management system. The crew alerting portion of the display provides dedicated space for display of caution/advisory messages and aircraft state indications.
Standby flight instruments provide essential flight and system information should the normal cockpit displays become inoperative. These standby instruments consist of airspeed, altitude, attitude, and the Standby Flight Display which provides nacelle angle, engine performance, hydraulic system health, flap angle, and fuel quantity data. (Standby attitude indicator is missing in this photo.) The Flight Director Panel serves as the primary pilot data entry interface for flight director (autopilot) systems control and annunciation. The pilot can select from various coupled and uncoupled flight director modes.
The communication system provides voice transmission and reception of radio signals on frequencies selected by the pilot or copilot. It also provides audio communications for crewmembers on the aircraft, as well as a connection for the ground crew. The intercommunication system (AN/AIC-30) includes seven stations: pilot, copilot, jump seat, troop commander, forward and aft cabin, and an external station for ground operations or maintenance support. The V-22 can accommodate up to four MIL-STD-1553B-compatible radios. The MV-22 uses to ARC-210 radios. The CV-22 replaces the ARC-210s with DCS 2000s.
The navigation system provides primary navigation data and controls inertial navigation sensors and radio navigation sensors. The system data includes position, heading, attitude, geographic frame velocities, magnetic variation, radar altitude, and radio navigation data such as distance and bearing to ground stations, and marker beacon station passage. The system also receives barometric altitude, calibrated airspeed, and temperature data to calculate true airspeed, wind speed, and wind direction. The standard, triple-redundant, lightweight inertial navigation system (LWINS) provides an output of aircraft acceleration, velocity, position, altitude, magnetic and true headings, and attitude to the avionics and flight control computers.
The ARN-147 provides terminal area landing aides for standard approaches and departures. It provides VHF omni-range (VOR) relative bearing, instrument landing system (ILS) localizer/glideslope data, and approach-marker beacon indications to the aircrew. Working with onboard radios, an automatic direction finder (ADF), provides continuous indication of the relative direction of tone-modulated or continuous wave signals. Audio reception is also provided to the aircrew. The radar altimeter provides aircraft altitude above ground level (AGL) from 0 to 1,524 meters (0 to 5,000 feet).
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