F-22 Raptor Deployment
|43rd Fighter Sq||Tyndall AFB, FL||24|
|95th Fighter Sq||Tyndall AFB, FL||24||Oct 2013|
|301st Fighter Sq||Tyndall AFB, FL||5||Feb 2014|
|27th Fighter Sq||Langley AFB, VA||24||Dec 2005|
|94th Fighter Sq||Langley AFB, VA||24|
|149th Fighter Sq||Langley AFB, VA||0|
|90th Fighter Sq||Elmendorf AFB, AK||18|
|525th Fighter Sq||Elmendorf AFB, AK||18|
|19th Fighter Sq||JB Hickam, HI||20|
|199th Fighter Sq||JB Hickam, HI||0||Dec 2012|
|8th Fighter Sq||Holloman AFB, FL||||Apr 2014|
|301st Fighter Sq||Holloman AFB, FL||+||2010||2014|
|301st Fighter Sq||Luke AFB|
|Primary Aircraft Assigned (PAA)||157|
|Average Primary Aircraft Assigned (PAA)||163|
|Total Aircraft Inventory (TAI)||187|
The primary authorization forms the basis for the allocation of operating resources to include manpower, support equipment, and flying-hour funds. Backup aircraft are aircraft assigned to a base to support the operational mission when a primary aircraft is unavailable to fly for any reason. Attrition reserve aircraft serve to replace any aircraft lost through Class A mishaps.
Two F-22 development aircraft were initially deployed to Edwards Air Force Base, Calif., where the F-22 Combined Test Force is located. Nellis AFB, NV, was selected as the location for the F-22 Force Development Evaluation program and Weapons School.
In November 2001, the Air Force reviewed active Air Force F-15C squadron bases to identify bases that met the needs for beddown of an F-22A Operational Wing. Six bases were considered and five bases were evaluated in an EIS for the location of the F-22 Initial Operational Wing. Since the November 2001 review, several factors have affected the alternative bases. Those factors have been included in considering the need to beddown the F-22A Second Operational Wing.
This Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) described the potential environmental consequences resulting from the Air Force proposal to beddown the initial three-squadron F-22 Operational Wing at an existing Air Combat Command (ACC) base. The EIS analyzed the proposal to beddown the Initial F-22 Operational Wing of 72 F-22 fighters at Langley AFB, Virginia, or at one of four alternative locations (Eglin AFB, Florida; Elmendorf AFB, Alaska; Mountain Home AFB, Idaho; and Tyndall AFB, Florida).
At Eglin, Elmendorf, and Mountain Home alternative bases, the operational F-15Cs would be replaced with operational F-22s. At Tyndall AFB, all F-22s for the Operational Wing would be additive to the base since there are no operational F-15C aircraft to drawdown. The three operational F-22 squadrons at Tyndall AFB would be under a new, separate wing. Personnel changes to support the beddown would follow the same sequence as the aircraft beddown.
One of the choices made as part of the Fiscal Year (FY) 2010 budget and the 2010 Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) was to end the production of the Air Force’s F-22 fighter at 187 airplanes instead of procuring the Air Force’s requirement of 381 airplanes. The program delivered the final 22 aircraft by spring of 2012. Initially, the Air Force planned to present forces to the CCDRs in 10 Air Expeditionary Force “buckets.” The 240 PMAI aircraft equated to one F-22 squadron being assigned to each bucket, so there would always be F-22s ready to meet CCDRs’ needs.
The 187 aircraft did not allow this rotation since it equates to roughly 120 PMAI, half the number the Air Force insisted was required. F-22 squadrons often have only 18 to 21 Primary Aircraft Assigned (PAA) compared to 24 PAA for legacy fighter squadrons. With the consolidation of F-22 operating locations, the squadron PAA size varies, which complicates planning, manning, and sustainment. The F-22 concept of operations was assumed to be an 18 aircraft fighter squadron with a utilization rate of 306 flight hours per aircraft per year.
On 29 July 2010 the Air Force announced actions to consolidate the F-22 fleet. The Secretary of the Air Force and the Chief of Staff of the Air Force determined the most effective basing for the F-22. This required redistributing aircraft from one F-22 squadron to units at four F-22 bases. A second squadron would be relocated to an existing F-22 base. The affected bases are:
- Holloman Air Force Base, NM: Deactivate one squadron of F-22s and redistribute that squadron's aircraft to other F-22 units. Relocate the remaining squadron to Tyndall AFB, Fla.
- Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska - receive six additional aircraft
- Langley Air Force Base, Va. - receive six additional aircraft
- Nellis Air Force Base, Nev. - receive two additional aircraft
- Tyndall Air Force Base, Fla. - receive one additional squadron
"This plan maximizes combat aircraft and squadrons available for contingencies," said Ms. Kathleen Ferguson, deputy assistant secretary for installations. "By consolidating aircraft at existing bases, F-22 operational flexibility is enhanced."
Teams surveyed four F-22 bases, evaluating them for feasibility, timing, cost and planning purposes to accept additional F-22 aircraft. The Secretary of the Air Force and the Chief of Staff of the Air Force carefully considered the site survey results and military judgment factors in making these basing determinations. These actions would be finalized subject to completion of appropriate environmental analysis. But Congress enacted a freeze on US Air Force structure changes, including aircraft transfers.
Eglin AFB was selected as the location for F-35 Joint Strike Fighter pilot training of all Air Force, Navy, and Marine personnel as part of the Base Realignment and Closure Act (BRAC) of 2005. Eglin would have multiple new missions and does not meet the needs for an Operational Wing at this time. Mountain Home AFB is becoming the primary location for F-15E aircraft assets as a result of BRAC 2005. This includes F-15E aircraft from Elmendorf AFB. These additional missions meant that Mountain Home AFB did not meet the needs for an F-22A Operational Wing.
Nellis AFB continued to have unique FDE requirements for one squadron of F-22A and two proposed F-35 squadrons to support testing, training, and weapons system evaluation. Nellis missions meant that it did not meet the needs for an Operational Wing.
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