94th Fighter Squadron [94th FS]
16 December 2005 marked another historic day for the "SPADs" with its final flight of the F 15 as the squadron began its transition to the F-22. The 94th performed the first operational deployment of the F-22 to the CENTCOM area of responsibility in 2011 and continues to demonstrate Air Superiority and lethality over Iraq and Syria in the fight against ISIS, recently completing the first combat employment of the Small Diameter Bomb from an F-22. Today, the "Hat in the Ring" stands as a cohesive combat-experienced team ready for any call to support American security requirements.
94th Fighter Squadron The 94th Fighter Squadron is the second oldest fighter squadron in America's history. The 94th FS is tasked to provide air superiority for United States or allied forces by engaging and destroying enemy forces, equipment, defenses or installations for global deployment as part of the 1st Fighter Wing. The 94th flies today's advanced air superiority fighter, the F-15 Eagle.
Designated as the 94th Aero Squadron at Kelly Field, Texas, Aug. 20, 1917, the squadron began a long history in air warfare. The 94th made the first patrol flown by an all-American squadron in France during World War I March 6,1918, flying the Nieuport 28. On April 18, 1918, Lieutenants Alan Winslow and Douglas Campbell downed German Pfalz D.3 aircraft for the first air superiority victory in the history of the United States. The 94th also is credited with the last aerial victory of the war - a Fokker destroyed Nov. 10, one day before the Armistice. With such famous members as Eddie Rickenbacker, Raoul Lufberry and Douglas Campbell, the "Hat-in-the-Ring Gang" scored nearly 70 kills during the war - more than any other squadron.
After World War I, the 94th was reassigned to Selfridge Field, Mich., and redesignated as the 94th Pursuit Squadron, where it spent most of the years prior to World War II. Among the aircraft flown following World War I were the P-1, P-6, P-12B, Y1 P-16, P-26, P-35 and P-43.
The 94th was on a temporary duty assignment to El Paso, Texas, when Pearl Harbor was bombed. The 94th was soon on its way to March Field, Calif., with 20 P-38s. During World War II, the unit won three Distinguished Unit Citations for actions over Italy Aug. 25, 1943; Italy, Aug. 30, 1943; and Ploesti, Romania, May 18, 1944, as part of the 1st Pursuit Group. In February 1943, the squadron was stationed at Chateau d'un du Rhumel as part of the newly activated North African Strategic Air Force. During the war, the 94th recorded 124 aerial kills.
The unit was redesignated the 94th Fighter Squadron in July 1946, at March Field, Calif., flying the P-80 Shooting Star, America's first operational jet fighter. Redesignated the 94th Fighter Interceptor Squadron in 1950, the unit was assigned to the Western Air Defense Force at George Air Force Base, Calif. The 94th was assigned in July 1971 to MacDill AFB, Fla., providing combat crew training for U.S. and selected allied pilots in the F-4E Phantom ll. In July 1975, the unit was assigned along with the rest of the 1st Fighter Wing to Langley Air Force Base, Va., transitioning to the F-15 Eagle Eagle in 1976. The unit was redesignated the 94th Fighter Squadron Sept.1, 1991.
The "Hat-in-the-Ring Gang" was involved in numerous deployments during periods of international tension such as the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962 and the Pueblo Incident in 1969. In 1979, a presidential tasking sent the squadron to Saudi Arabia in a show of support. More recently the squadron participated in Operation Southern Watch in the Persian Gulf Region.
The 94th FS has participated in other worldwide deployments to demonstrate its ability to rapidly deploy to potential trouble spots around the world.
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