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TA. 1 Positive Trend 1: Use of Night Observation Devices (NOD)

Observation frequency:4QFY941-3QFY954QFY95 / 1QFY962-3QFY96
11 2


SUCCESS 1-1: Units have increased their use of NODs.

  1. Brigade task forces are currently mounting and using close to 50% of all their available PVS-7s on the head harness.
  2. Allows units to:
    - move better
    - identify the enemy sooner
    - return fire more accurately.


SUCCESS 1-2: There is a significant increase in usage at platoon level over the last two quarters. Platoons are better able to execute missions during hours of limited visibility.


SUCCESS 1-3: Units continue to improve their ability to fight during hours of darkness. Aircrews in most units are equipped 100% with night vision goggles (NVG).

- allows greater flexibility in managing 24 hour coverage and fighter management.


  1. Leaders and soldiers are properly wearing night vision devices (NVDs) on head/helmet harness. They are properly mounting night sights on weapon systems during limited visibility operations.
    - greatly facilitates movement and security at night.
  2. Soldiers are using AN/PAQ-4s in conjunction with NVDs for night engagements.
    - assists in target acquisition.

  1. Key leaders and selected individuals should wear night vision devices (NVDs) during night movement.
  2. Use off-center scanning technique for movement at night when not wearing NVDs.
  3. Begin wearing NVDs before end of evening nautical twilight (EENT) to assist in the transition during twilight.
  4. Remember that it takes about two minutes to completely adapt to the dark after removal of the NVDs.
  5. Using NVDs inhibits the ability to hear, smell and feel because of the concentration required to use the devices effectively.
  6. Integrate NVDs into sector sketches and coverage plans.
    - Ensure units have overlapping NVD coverage plans at night.
  7. Ensure proper adjustment of head/helmet harnesses.
    - prevents soldiers from using their hands to hold NVDs during movement.
  8. Do not wear PVS-7 flush against face with head harness.
    - offset about 1/4 inch from face to retain peripheral vision at night.
  9. Leaders must enforce AN/PAQ-4 discipline during night movements.
    - indiscriminate use of AN/PAQ-4s can reveal a unit's position to an NVD- equipped enemy.

TA.1 Positive Trend 2: Battle Drills

Observation frequency:4QFY941-3QFY954QFY95 / 1QFY962-3QFY96


SUCCESS 2-1: Live fire exercises:

  1. Platoons continue to execute the Knock out a bunker battle drill successfully as part of a movement to contact live-fire exercise.
  2. They successfully execute the Enter and clear a trenchline battle drill during the deliberate attack of a trenchline live-fire exercise.


SUCCESS 2-2: Repeat of Success 2-1, PLUS:

  1. Both missions require soldiers to employ fragmentation grenades to clear bunkers and on entry into and around comers in the trenchline.
  2. Platoons have executed these battle drills as specified in FM 7-8.


SUCCESS 2-3: On contact: soldiers rapidly develop the situation and quickly execute the battle drill in the absence of orders from leaders.

  1. Sound squad and platoon movement techniques facilitate transition to battle drills.
  2. Leaders must continually analyze the terrain, the enemy situation and anticipate contact during movement.
  3. Battle drills must become second nature and well rehearsed.
    - reaction must be instantaneous.
    - hesitation gets soldiers killed.

TA.1 Positive Trend 3: Aircrew Coordination/Task Execution

Observation frequency:4QFY941-3QFY954QFY95 / 1QFY962-3QFY96



  1. Aircrews conduct thorough planning
  2. They execute assigned tasks to standard.
  3. Home station air crew training manual (ATM) emphasis has produced highly proficient crews.
  4. The ability to operate at night provides brigade commander a viable maneuver force.


SUCCESS 3-2: Pickup Zone operations have improved considerably.


SUCCESS 3-3: Aviation task forces routinely demonstrate a superior ability to react to change. From major last minute changes on battalion-sized air assaults to "911" hasty attacks, aviation task forces accomplish the mission.

  1. For 24 hour operations: assign the most proficient crews to night operations.
    - Accept the inherent tactical risk during day operation.
  2. Adapt to OPFOR daytime target acquisition by selecting higher energy movement techniques while conducting tactical operations.
  3. Restrict changes to the Air Movement Table (AMT) after the Air Movement Brief (AMB).
  4. Enforce quality control in checking load rigging.
  5. Ensure communications at the pickup zone (PZ) control.
  6. Maintain trained hook-up teams
  7. Prepare and maintain simple, comprehensive SOPs which specify the minimum information and planning required to execute mission changes.
  8. Ensure compliance with SOPs.
  9. Conduct Home Station battle drill training to develop companies and teams capable of successfully executing mission changes with minimal planning time.

TA.1 Positive Trend 4: Soldier Load

Observation frequency:4QFY941-3QFY954QFY95 / 1QFY962-3QFY96


SUCCESS 4-1: Leaders are doing an outstanding job of managing soldier load.

- Soldiers do not carry rucksacks during most missions.

RESULT: Unencumbered by heavy loads, soldiers move quicker, cover more terrain and are better able to fix and finish an enemy force on contact.


SUCCESS 4-2: Repeat of Success 4-1.

  1. Cache rucks in patrol bases.
  2. Make use of butt packs or assault packs.
  3. Use one ruck per squad with essential cold weather gear for the squad.
  4. Conduct pre-combat inspections to enforce load discipline.
  5. Push forward duffel bags from the field trains during extended lulls in contact to allow soldiers to cross-level clothing and equipment.
  6. Doctrinal references: FM 7-10 (chapter 8, section III) and FM 21-18 contain detailed discussion on load planning, calculating and management.

  1. Establish and enforce combat and sustainment loads.
  2. Minimize the weight soldiers carry.
    - cross-level critical squad supplies
    - consolidate cold weather gear to
  3. Establish fighting loads (rucks) and approach march loads (assault and butt packs) during contact.

TA.1 Positive Trend 5: Negotiate Terrain

Observation frequency:4QFY941-3QFY954QFY95 / 1QFY962-3QFY96


SUCCESS 5-1: Vehicle maneuver at the section and platoon level continues to improve over the last two quarters.

  1. Use of terrain to mask movement and allow mutual support from wingman vehicles.
  2. Emphasis on off-road movement rather than sole reliance on roads.

SUCCESS 5-2: Long Range Surveillance Detachments (LRSD) conduct land navigation and movement techniques to standard.

  1. Maintain proficiency in basic skills such as azimuth and pace count.
  2. Team members should always know their location within 100 meters.
  3. Use GPS as to verify location. Do not completely rely on GPS.
  4. Maintain dispersion. Adapt formations to the terrain and visibility.
  5. Restrict movement during daylight hours.
  6. Use experienced soldiers at point to enhance command and control.

Table of Contents
Section I: Positive Performance Table of Contents
TA. 2, Fire Support

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