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TA. 7 COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT BOS


Positive Performance

7.1 Arm

* Class V Missile Resupply [Air Defense]: Units are making better use of LOGPACs to ensure uninterrupted resupply of Stinger missiles. Battery trains personnel are effectively coordinating with the BSA to ensure the maximum use of scheduled LOGPACs to distribute Stinger missiles to the required locations.

7.3.2 Fix/Maintain Equipment

* Aviation Maintenance [Aviation]: Aviation unit maintenance practices and procedures are doctrinally sound. Soldiers display exceptional knowledge in MOS skills, and are extremely proficient in aircraft repairs.

Techniques:

l. Insist on immediate reporting of aircraft status changes from AVUM to both the TOC and the ALOC.

2. Plan and coordinate oil analysis requirements, DA Form 1352 reporting, and Class IX requirements prior to arrival at JRTC.

7.4.4 Provide Health Services

* Casualty Processing [Fire Support]: Died of wounds rates have significantly declined, while return to duty rates have correspondingly increased. RESULT: increased firing battery manpower, which translates into increased combat power. Better planning, Home Station mass casualty training, additional combat lifesavers and increased casualty awareness are the significant factors in this casualty processing improvement.

7.4.4.2 Evacuate Casualties

* Casualty Treatment and Evacuation [Battalion Maneuver]: Soldiers understand the basic lifesaving steps and are proactive in identifying casualties, and performing buddy aid in a timely manner. Units also do a good job evacuating casualties to the company CCP, without inflicting further injury. However, battalions are unable to coordinate the timely evacuation of casualties off the battlefield. RESULT: high died of wound rate.

Techniques:

l. Synchronize the battalion medical evacuation plan with the maneuver plan; do not develop the evacuation plan in isolation.

2. Treat medical evacuation as a combat operation. It must be rehearsed at battalion level.

3. Train so the unit has one combat lifesaver per squad.

* Evacuation Liaison Team (ELT) [Aviation]: The use of ELT helps to eliminate the command, control and communications problems which normally hinder the Forward Support MEDEVAC Team (FSMT). The ELT provides the personnel and communications equipment necessary to establish proper control and liaison for the FSMT.

Techniques:

l. Use the ELT to coordinate all ground evacuation, air ambulance evacuation, and nonstandard air evacuation (CASEVAC) for the brigade.

2. Use the ELT to establish and maintain one dedicated casualty control communications net.

* Casualty Evacuation [Mobility/Survivability]: Engineers are proficient in evacuating their casualties during or following obstacle breaching operations.

Techniques:

I. Incorporate CASEVAC as part of the combined arms battle drills for breaching and route clearance operations.

2. Prior to movement, leaders must know the MEDEVAC frequency, the location of combat lifesavers and medics, and have field litters available on lead vehicles to expedite CASEVAC when/where a direct fire threat exists.

* Water Production Operations [Combat Service Support]: Units that anticipate preventive medicine, security and maintenance requirements increase the probability of providing continuous water support to the task force. Units must focus on production site and route security when the dry water point is not colocated in the BSA.

7.5.1.2 Move/Evacuate Cargo, Equipment and Personnel

* Aviation Sling Operations [Aviation]: The execution of external sling operations is a strong point for aviation task forces.

Techniques:

l. Successful units maximize Home Station and intermediate staging base opportunities to train the perishable skill, including rigging, inspecting and hooking up the loads.

2. Conduct direct coordination with the provider, FSB or ASG, to increase the probability of success.

3. Provide the FSB with a liaison on an as needed basis.

4. OPCON aircraft to the FSB during periods of high resupply requirements.

7.5.2 Supply the Force

* Class III and IV Forecasting [Aviation]: Aviation task forces ability to successfully forecast and request Class III and IV resupply in a timely manner helps to ensure uninterrupted aviation support to the brigade.

Techniques:

l. Insist on accurate accountability and reporting of Class III and Class V stocks.

2. Update forecasts on a daily basis, based on anticipated mission load. The S3 should play a major role in this forecast.

3. Keep brigade informed through accurate LOGSTAT reporting.

Needs Emphasis

7.1 Arm

* Ammunition Management [Fire Support]: Units are not adequately managing and controlling ammunition.

PROBLEMS:

1. Units are not planning the ammunition in volleys, calculating the number of volleys required to accomplish the mission, and then allocating ammunition by volleys.

2. Ammunition tracking is deficient and ammunition counts at batteries, battalion TOC and the battalion ALOC often widely differ.

3. Ammunition resupply is often prepackaged prior to DDay with little thought given to followon missions.

4. Planning for resupply is being done by only one means, and if weather or the enemy eliminates that means, units are slow to develop an alternate means of delivery.

RESULTS:

l. Units are left with insufficient ammunition to meet the commander's guidance for fire support.

2. Infantry companies initiate attacks with little or no mortar ammunition, or with sufficient killer ammunition available to meet the desired attack criteria.

Techniques:

l. The brigade FSO should:

identify ammunition requirements for the brigade and battalion fights allocate volleys to meet the commander's desired effects on enemy forces identify requirements for future operations.

2. The FA battalion S3: refines the FSO's requirements identifies the amount of ammunition for gunnery needs (registration and calibration), and counterfire efforts tracks and controls the expenditure of the ammunition

3. The FA battalion XO:

identifies ammunition resources plans and coordinates all resupply operations (considering and using multiple means) monitors consumption anticipates future requirement

4. The brigade FSCOORD:

monitors the process and identifies shortfall to the brigade commander

5. For mortar ammunition:

the battalion FSOs must work closely with the infantry battalion commander and S3 to assign priorities for mortar fire FSO's must work closely with the infantry battalion XO and S4 to ensure both the battalion and company mortars are resupplied with sufficient ammunition to accomplish the commander's intent.

* Ammunition Transfer Point (ATP) Operations [Combat Service Support]:

PROBLEMS:

1. Units do not consider quantity/distance requirements when selecting ATP locations.

2. Large quantities of high explosives and projectile ammunition are being stored close to high traffic areas within the BSA.

Techniques:

1. Develop an ATP layout plan based on quantity/distance tables lAW FM 913.

2. Set up the ATP based upon the layout plan to ensure safety and enhance security.

3. Include a generic plan in the unit's TACSOP.

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