Risk Management Responsibilities
2. S3 (Safety). For the purposes of this paper, the officer designated by the commander as responsible for the force protection components of safety and fratricide avoidance is identified as the S3 (Safety). (NOTE: Analysis of S3 (Safety) tasks outlined in this report for Brigades and Battalions support placement in the S3 functional area. This placement is reflected in FM 101-5, Final Draft, August 1993).
3. Staff (All).
(1) Support needed to meet operational requirements.
(2) Procedures and standards that are clear and practical for each METL task.
(3) Training necessary for METL performance to standard.
Vignette - Fraticide in a Minefield
Topic: OPTEMPO vs Safety
Discussion: The safety challenge in the early stage of the deployment of getting service members to perform tasks to standard was offset by the premise "get it done and get it done fast." This left the service member with the perception that safety requirements could be disregarded. The potential existed for a major accident to happen in critical areas such as vehicle operations, weapons handling, materials handling operations, explosive safety, and fuel point operations.
Because the attitude of "get it done and get it done fast" was prevalent, nearly everything service members were taught in the areas of vehicle, weapon, fuel operations, and materials handling safety was disregarded. When service members were being interviewed while making on-the-spot corrections or while investigating an accident, their response was that while they knew the standards, they didn't apply outside the United States and particularly not during a "real-world" mission. Service members are either improperly trained, improperly informed, or simply draw their own conclusions as to when they must follow standards.
This observation was proven over time in that as the OPTEMPO decreased, safety compliance increased. Without clear direction and realistic time frames to accomplish missions, subordinates will perceive that the boss meant "right now--at all cost."
Lesson(s): Leaders at all levels must be sensitive to the perception and reaction of subordinates to directives. They must keep subordinates focused on performing tasks to standards regardless of the pace of the operation.
Risk Management Procedures--Operations
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