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wpe1.gif (3442 bytes) Army Digitization Master Plan '96

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY


TABLE OF CONTENTS


1. INTRODUCTION

  • 1.1 Army Digitization Master Plan 1-1
    1.1.1 Purpose 1-1
    1.1.2 Scope 1-1
    1.1.3 Objectives 1-1
    1.2 Force XXI Overview 1-2
    1.2.1 Force XXI Campaign Plan 1-2
    1.2.2 Horizontal Technology Integration 1-3
    1.2.3 Battlefield Visualization 1-4
    1.3 Digitization of the Battlespace 1-5
    1.3.1 Vision 1-5
    1.3.2 Definition 1-5
    1.3.3 Requirements 1-5
    1.3.3.1 Operational Requirements Documents 1-7
    1.3.4 Army Digitization Rules 1-8
    1.3.5 Goals 1-9
    1.4 Army Digitization Office 1-9
    1.4.1 Historical Basis 1-9
    1.4.2 Mission 1-9
    1.4.3 Organization and Responsibilities 1-10
    1.4.3.1 Requirements and Evaluation Team 1-10
    1.4.3.2 Architecture Team 1-11
    1.4.3.3 Acquisition Team 1-12
    1.4.3.4 Integration Team 1-12

2. RESPONSIBILITIES

  • 2.1 Assistant Secretary of the Army for Research, Development and Acquisition/Army Acquisition Executive 2-1
    2.2 Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel, HQDA 2-1
    2.3 Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence, HQDA 2-1
    2.4 Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations and Plans, HQDA 2-2
    2.5 Deputy Chief of Staff for Logistics, HQDA 2-2
    2.6 Chief of Engineers, HQDA 2-2
    2.7 Director of Information Systems for Command, Control, Communications, and Computers, HQDA 2-2
    2.8 Army Digitization Office, HQDA 2-3
    2.9 U.S. Army Forces Command 2-4
    2.10 U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command 2-4
    2.11 U.S. Army Materiel Command 2-5
    2.12 U.S. Army Space and Strategic Defense Command 2-7
    2.13 Program Executive Offices and Program Managers 2-7
    2.14 PEO Command, Control, and Communications Systems 2-9
    2.15 U.S. Army Operational Test and Evaluation Command 2-10
    2.16 Experimental Force, 4th Infantry Division (Mechanized) 2-10

3. INTEROPERABLITY FRAMEWORK

  • 3.1 C4I For the Warrior 3-1
    3.2 Enterprise 3-1
    3.3 Copernicus 3-2
    3.4 Horizon 3-4
    3.5 Sea Dragon 3-5

4. ARCHITECTURE

  • 4.1 DoD Architecture Initiatives 4-1
    4.1.1 Technical Architecture Framework for Information Management 4-1
    4.1.2 DoD Open Systems Policy 4-2
    4.1.2.1 Open Systems Standards 4-2
    4.1.2.2 Open Systems Joint Task Force 4-2
    4.1.3 Common Operating Environment 4-2
    4.1.3.1 Global Command and Control System 4-2
    4.1.3.2 COE Development 4-3
    4.1.3.2.1 Fundamental COE Concepts 4-3
    4.1.3.2.2 DII COE Integration and Runtime Specification 4-4
    4.1.3.3 COE Compliance 4-5
    4.1.4 Other Architecture-Related Initiatives 4-5
    4.1.4.1 Defense Message System 4-5
    4.1.4.2 Tactical Data Link Standard 4-6
    4.1.4.3 Data Element Standardization 4-6
    4.2 Army Architecture Strategy 4-6
    4.2.1 Operational Architecture 4-7
    4.2.2 Technical Architecture 4-8
    4.2.2.1 Army Technical Architecture 4-9
    4.2.2.1.1 Information Processing Standards 4-10
    4.2.2.1.2 Information Transport Standards 4-11
    4.2.2.1.3 Information Modeling and Data Exchange Standards 4-11
    4.2.2.1.4 Human-Computer Interfaces 4-13
    4.2.2.1.5 Information Security 4-14
    4.2.2.2 Planned Enhancements to the ATA 4-14
    4.2.2.3 ATA Migration Strategy 4-14
    4.2.2.4 Applicability to Joint Operations 4-16
    4.2.3 System Architecture 4-17
    4.2.3.1 System Architecture Development Process 4-18

5. ARMY BATTLE COMMAND SYSTEM

  • 5.1 Army Global Command and Control System 5-2

    5.1.1 Army WWMCCS Information System 5-2

    5.1.2 Standard Theater Command and Control System 5-3

    5.1.3 Combat Service Support Control System at Echelons Above Corps 5-3

    5.1.4 DII COE Migration Strategy 5-4

    5.2 Army Tactical Command and Control System 5-4

    5.2.1 Maneuver Control System 5-4

    5.2.2 Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System 5-6

    5.2.3 All Source Analysis System 5-6

    5.2.4 Forward Area Air Defense Command Control and Intelligence System 5-7

    5.2.5 Combat Service Support Control System 5-8

    5.2.6 Army Tactical Command and Control System DII COE Migration Strategy 5-8

    5.3 Force XXI Battle Command, Brigade-and-Below 5-10

6. IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY

  • 6.1 Thrust 1 - Force XXI Battle Command, Brigade-and-Below 6-1

    6.1.1 Software Functionality 6-2

    6.1.1.1 Common Operating Environment Compliance 6-2

    6.1.1.2 Situation Awareness 6-2

    6.1.1.3 Operational Control 6-2

    6.1.1.4 System Management and Control 6-3

    6.1.2 Functionality Implementation 6-3

    6.1.2.1 Applique 6-3

    6.1.2.2 Army Tactical Command and Control Systems 6-4

    6.1.2.3 Embedded Systems 6-4

    6.1.2.4 Other Systems 6-4

    6.2 Thrust 2 -Tactical Internet 6-4

    6.3 Thrust 3 - Integration of Battlefield Operating Systems 6-7

    6.3.1 Embedded Systems 6-7

    6.3.2 Legacy Systems 6-9

    6.3.3 Sustaining Base Systems and Intelligence Systems 6-9

    6.3.3.1 Multi-Level Security 6-10

    6.3.3.2 Split Base Operations 6-10

    6.4 Thrust 4 - Battlefield Information Transmission System 6-10

    6.4.1 Surrogate/ Near-Term Digital Radios 6-12

    6.4.2 Asynchronous Transfer Mode Technology Integration 6-12

    6.4.3 Tactical End-to-End Encryption Device 6-12

    6.4.4 Terrestrial Personal Communications Systems 6-13

    6.4.5 Army Direct Broadcast Satellite 6-13

    6.4.6 High-Capacity Trunk Radio 6-14

    6.4.7 Airborne Relay 6-14

    6.4.8 Satellite Personal Communications Systems 6-14

    6.4.9 On-the-Move Antenna 6-14

    6.4.10 Radio Access Point 6-15

7. ACQUISITION STRATEGY

  • 7.1 Background 7-1

    7.1.1 Applique Description 7-2

    7.1.2 Applique Contractual Requirements 7-4

    7.1.2.1 Applique Software 7-4

    7.1.2.2 Applique Interfaces 7-4

    7.2 Technical Approach 7-5

    7.3 Acquisition Approach 7-5

    7.3.1 Phase 1: Concept Exploration (FY94-97) 7-6

    7.3.2 Phase 2: Demonstration (FY97-99) 7-6

    7.3.3 Phase 3: Deployment (FY00-TBD) 7-6

    7.4 Funding 7-7

    7.5 Evaluation and Follow-on Requirements Development 7-7

    7.6 Operational Assessments 7-7

    7.7 Logistics 7-8

    7.8 Trade-Offs 7-8

    7.9 Sources of Competition 7-8

    7.10 Risks 7-9

    7.10.1 Technical Risks 7-9

    7.10.2 Programmatic Risks 7-9

    7.10.3 Cost Risks 7-10

8. ASSESSMENT STRATEGY

  • 8.1 Overview 8-1

    8.2 Experimentation, Testing, and Evaluation 8-2

    8.2.1 Advanced Technology Demonstrations and Advanced Concept Technology Demonstrations 8-3

    8.2.2 Advanced Warfighting Experiments and Other Digitization-Related Experiments 8-3

    8.2.2.1 Atlantic Resolve 8-4

    8.2.2.2 Prairie Warrior/Mobile Strike Force 8-4

    8.2.2.3 Theater Missile Defense Advanced Warfighting Experiment 8-4

    8.2.2.4 Focused Dispatch Advanced Warfighting Experiment 8-5

    8.2.2.5 Warrior Focus Advanced Warfighting Experiment 8-5

    8.2.2.6 Prairie Warrior 96 8-5

    8.2.2.7 Joint Warfighting Interoperability Demonstrations 8-6

    8.2.2.8 Force XXI Advanced Warfighting Experiments 8-6

    8.2.2.8.1 Marine Corps Participation in Task Force XXI 8-8

    8.2.2.8.2 Air Force Participation in Task Force XXI 8-8

    8.2.2.9 Division XXI and Corps XXI Advanced Warfighting Experiments 8-9

    8.2.3 Force Development Test and Evaluation and Initial Operational Test and Evaluation 8-9

    8.3 Digital Integrated Lab and Interoperability Certification 8-9

    8.4 User Jury Process 8-11

    8.5 Funding Strategy 8-12

    8.6 Modeling and Simulation 8-12

    8.6.1 System and Network Design and Performance 8-13

    8.6.2 Force XXI Training and Experimentation 8-13

    8.6.3 Force XXI Force Effectiveness Assessments 8-14

    8.7 Assessments and Evaluations 8-14

9. RELATED DIGITIZATION IMPLEMENTATION EFFORTS

  • 9.1 Risk Management 9-1

    9.2 Experimental Force Fielding Plan 9-1

    9.3 Security 9-3

    9.3.1 The Security Challenge 9-3

    9.3.2 ADO Information Security Approach 9-4

    9.3.2.1 Security Risk Management 9-5

    9.3.2.2 Policy/Regulations 9-6

    9.3.2.3 Tactics, Techniques, Procedures, and Training 9-6

    9.3.2.4 Technology Integration 9-6

    9.3.2.5 Vulnerability Assessment 9-6

    9.3.3 Basic Information Security Requirements 9-7

    9.3.3.1 Mandate vs Objective 9-7

    9.3.3.2 Information Protection 9-7

    9.3.3.3 Closed System Constraints 9-7

    9.3.3.4 Protection Requirements 9-8

    9.3.4 Army Digitization Information Security Actions 9-8

    9.3.4.1 System Security Design 9-8

    9.3.4.2 System Vulnerability Assessment 9-9

    9.3.4.3 System Design Analysis 9-9

    9.3.4.4 Red Teaming 9-9

    9.3.4.5 Additional Security Actions 9-11

    9.3.4.6 Task Force XXI Security Integrated Product Team 9-12

    9.3.5 Organization for Security Task Execution 9-12

    9.4 Spectrum Management 9-13

    9.4.1 Spectrum Supremacy Strategy 9-13

    9.4.2 Spectrum Support to the Battlefield Information Transmission System 9-14

    9.4.3 Spectrum Supportability, Multinational Strategy 9-14

    9.5 Training 9-15

10. JOINT AND MULTINATIONAL DIGITIZATION

  • 10.1 Joint 10-1

    10.1.1 Memoranda of Agreement 10-1

    10.1.2 The Military Communications and Electronics Board 10-2

    10.1.3 Management Structure 10-2

    10.1.4 Joint Initiatives and Experiments 10-3

    10.2 Multinational 10-4

    10.2.1 Background 10-4

    10.2.2 Purpose 10-4

    10.2.3 Concept 10-5

    10.2.4 Process 10-5

    10.2.5 Strategy 10-6

    10.2.6 Key International Fora 10-7

    10.2.7 Major International Digitization Programs 10-8

    10.2.8 Demonstrations and Experiments 10-8

    10.2.9 Organizational Responsibilities 10-9

    10.2.10 Summary 10-9


APPENDICES


APPENDIX A List of Acronyms and Abbreviations

APPENDIX B Definitions

APPENDIX C References


FIGURES


Figure 1- Digitization Effects

Figure 2 - The Three Architectures

Figure 3 - Army Battle Command System (ABCS)

Figure 4 - Digitization Axes, Phase Lines, And Objectice

Figure 5 - Experimentation Process

Figure 1-1 The Three Axes of the Force XXI Campaign 1-2

Figure 1-2 HTI Modernization Efforts 1-3

Figure 1-3 ADO Organization 1-10

Figure 4-1 Defense Information Infrastructure Common Operating Environment 4-4

Figure 4-2 Technical Architecture 4-8

Figure 4-3 Army Digitization RFP Review Process 4-15

Figure 5-1 Army Battle Command System 5-1

Figure 6-1 Integrated Digital Information Network 6-4

Figure 6-2 Simplified Tactical Internet Components at Brigade Level 6-6

Figure 7-1 Current Appliques 7-3

Figure 7-2 Program Milestones 7-5

Figure 8-2 User Jury Process 8-11

Figure 9-1 EXFOR Fielding Summary 9-2

Figure 9-2 Digital System Security Approach 9-4

Figure 9-3 ADO Information Security Implementation 9-5

Figure 9-4 Red Team (Working) Definition 9-10

Figure 9-5 Digitization Red Team Process 9-11

Figure 9-6 Digitization Security Task Execution 9-12

Figure 10-1 International Digitization Concept 10-5




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