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Military


Military Departments

During the mid-19th Century, the several States and Territories of the United States were divided into military divisions, military departments and districts.

1853 - Military Geographical Departments.

    No. 1. Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. Head-quarters at Fort Adams, R. I.
    No. 2. Michigan, Wisconsin (east of the line from Fond du Lac to Cape Sable), Ohio, and Indiana. Command suspended.
    No. 3. New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland. Head-quarters at Baltimore, Md.
    No. 4. Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and that part of Florida lying within the Eastern Division. Head-quarters at Fort Monroe, Va.
    No. 5. The portion of Florida within the Western Division, the States of Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, and Kentucky. Headquarters at Fort Brooke, Florida.
    No. 5. Wisconsin (west of the line from Fond du Lac to Cape Sable), Minesota, Iowa, Illinois, and Missouri above the 37th degree of north latitude. Head-quarters at Jefferson Barracks, Mo.
    No. 7. The country west of the Mississippi, south of the 37th degree of north latitude, north of Louisiana and Texas, and east of Department No. 9. Head-quarters at Fort Smith, Arkansas.
    No. 8. That part of Texas lying south and east of a line drawn from a point on the Rio Grande opposite the southernmost limit of the island south of El Paso, containing the towns of San Elizario, Socorra, and Isletta, to the junction of the Ensenada Choctau (Choctaw Creek) with the Colorado or Red River, and down said river to the western boundary of Arkansas. Head-quarters at San Antonio, Texas.
    No. 9. New Mexico, and the territory north and west of the aforesaid line from the Rio Grande to and down the Colorado or Red River, formerly claimed as a part of New Mexico. Head-quarters at Fort Union, N. Mex.
    No. 10. The State of California. ) Command merged in that of Pacific
    No. 11. The Territory of Oregon. ) Division.

During the war the forces called for by the President of the United States were organized first into armies, and later into army corps and armies. The troops sent to a military department were usually called the army of the department in which they operated or were located; the corps were known by numbers, and were part of the army of a department, or sometimes constituted the army. Under General Order No. 118, June 27, 1865, President Lincoln directed that the United States be divided into military divisions, and subdivided into military departments, as follows :

1865 Military Departments

    1. The Department of the East, Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker to command, to embrace the New England States, New York, and New Jersey; headquarters at New York City.
    2. The Middle Department, Maj. Gen. W. S. Hancock to command, to embrace the States of West Virginia, Maryland (except the counties of Anne Arundel, Prince George's, Calvert, Charles, and Saint Mary's), the line of the Baltimore and Ohio Bailroud in Virginia, the States of Delaware and Pennsylvania; headquarters at Baltimore.
    3. The Department of Washington, Maj. Gen. C. C. Augur to command, to embrace the District of Columbia, the counties of Anne Arundel, Prince George's, Calvert, Charles, and Saint Mary's, in Maryland, and Fairfax County, in Virginia; headquarters at Washington. 4. The Department of the Ohio, Maj. Gen. E. O. C. Ord to command, to embrace the States of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Michigan; headquarters at Detroit.
    5. The Department of the Tennessee, Maj. Gen. George Stoneman to command, to embrace the State of Tennessee; headquarters at Knoxville.
    6. The Department of Kentucky, Maj. Gen. John M. Palmer to command, to embrace the State of Kentucky; headquarters at Louisville.
    7. The Department of the Missouri, Maj. Gen. John Pope to command, to embrace the States of Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, and Kansas, and the Territories of Nebraska, Dakota, and Montana; headquarters at Fort Leavenworth.
    8. The Department of Virginia, Maj. Gen. Alfred H. Terry to command, to embrace the State of Virginia, excepting Fairfax County and the line of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad; headquarters at Richmond.
    9. The Department of North Carolina, Maj. Gen. J. M. Schofield to command, to embrace the State of North Carolina; headquarters at Raleigh.
    10. The Department of South Carolina, Maj. Gen. Q. A. Gillmore to command, to embrace the State of South Carolina; headquarters at Hilton Head.
    11. The Department of Georgia, Maj. Gen. James B. Steedman to command, to embrace the State of Georgia; headquarters at Augusta.
    12. Tbe Department of Florida, Maj. Gen. John G. Foster to command, to embrace the State of Florida; headquarters at Tallahassee.
    13. The Department of Mississippi, Maj. Gen. H. W. Slocum to command, to embrace the State of Mississippi; headquarters at Vicksburg.
    14. The Department of Alabama, Maj. Gen. C. R. Woods to command, to embrace the State of Alabama; headquarters at Mobile.
    15. The Department of Louisiana and Texas, Maj.Gen. E. R. S.Canby to command, to embrace the States of Louisiana and Texas; headquarters at New Orleans.
    16. The Department of Arkansas, Maj. Gen. J. J. Reynolds to command, to embrace the State of Arkansas and the Indian Territory; headquarters at Little Rock.
    17. The Department of the Columbia, Brig. Gen. G. Wright to command, to embrace the State of Oregon and Territories of Washington and Idaho; headquarters at Fort Vancouver.
    18. The Department of California, Maj. Gen. Irvin McDowell to command, to embrace the States of California and Nevada, and Territories of Utah, New Mexico, and Colorado; headquarters at San Francisco.



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Page last modified: 05-07-2011 01:36:16 ZULU