Director of Military Support (DOMS)
As the Army Director for Plans, Operations, and Mobilization, the Director of Military Support (DOMS) coordinates the provision of military support by the Army in Presidentially declared disasters and other missions.
The Secretary of the Army is the DoD Executive Agent for Military Support to Civilian Authorities (MSCA), as appointed by the Secretary of Defense (SecDef). In an October 2, 2001 SecDef memorandum, the SecArmy was named as the interim Executive Agent for Homeland Security (HLS). The Secretary of the Army has the authority to task Unified Combatant Commanders, services, and defense agencies to provide MSCA and HLS support for Presidentially declared disasters, emergencies, and/or terrorist events. The Director of Military Support (DOMS) is the Action Agent for the SecArmy responsible for validating requests for military assistance from Lead Federal Agencies (LFAs), planning, coordinating, and executing the Department of Defense's civil support activities. DOMS activates and controls a joint staff to conduct operations during declared disasters, emergencies, and/or terrorist events.
The DOMS is the DoD's representative on the Catastrophic Disaster Response Group (CDRG). The CDRG is the national-level coordinating group that addresses policy issues and support requirements from LFAs during a disaster, emergency and/or terrorist event. Prior to the establishment of Northern Command, DOMS coordinated military response efforts during Federal emergencies by providing support to the ESFs and State and local officials, as requested.
In January 1998, Defense Reform Initiative Directive #25 directed the Secretary of the Army, as the Department of Defense Executive Agent for Military Support to Civil Authorities, to lead efforts within the Department of Defense to improve military support for response to incidents involving Weapons of Mass Destruction. The Department of Defense Plan, "Integrating National Guard and Reserve Component Support for Response to Attacks Using Weapons of Mass Destruction," was approved for Fiscal Year 1999 implementation as specified in Program Budget Decision (PBD) 712. The Secretary of the Army was further directed to establish the Consequence Management Program Integration Office (CoMPIO). The missions and functions of the Consequence Management Program Integration Office and the WMD-CSTs were broadly described in Defense Reform Initiative Directive #25. The Secretary of the Army established the Consequence Management Program Integration Office in January 1998, subordinate to the Director of Military Support.
Congress authorized and funded the formation of ten WMD-CSTs in October 1998. Over the next 18 months, the Department of Defense, through the Consequence Management Program Integration Office, organized, trained, and equipped ten WMD-CSTs, while simultaneously developing the doctrine, training programs, and the specialized equipment required to support the mission requirements of these unique assets. Consistent with Congressional legislation and approved Department of Defense plans, special management and parallel processes of development were employed in order to field the teams and provide for their availability as rapidly as possible. Throughout the developmental process, CoMPIO worked with experts from federal, state and local agencies and conducted program status reviews to maintain visibility of program decisions.
On November 9, 2000, the Deputy Secretary of Defense specified that the Special Assistant to the Secretary of the Army for Military Support would serve as the Program Manager for the WMD-CSTs and directed the Secretary of the Army to prepare a detailed transition plan consistent with a proposed realignment that would institutionalize the functions of the CoMPIO. The Secretary of the Army submitted a transition plan on November 27, 2000. The Deputy Secretary of Defense approved a Program Budget Decision on February 14, 2001, that superceded Defense Reform Initiative Directive #25 and directed the disestablishment of CoMPIO. On February 22, 2001, CoMPIO was formally disestablished. Personnel assigned to the former CoMPIO formed the Program Transition Office to support the Special Assistant to the Secretary of the Army for Military Support in the process of transitioning CoMPIO programs and activities throughout the Department of Defense. The Army assigned WMD-CST program functions to the Special Assistant to the Secretary of the Army for Military Support, and the Chief of the National Guard Bureau has been assigned to be the Army Functional Proponent and the Army's Training and Doctrine Command's (TRADOC's) Maneuver Support Center is the Specified Proponent for the Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Support Teams.
At the local level, the Director of Military Support (DOMS) provides oversight for the Domestic Preparedness Program, which provides training in WMD consequence management to civilian first responders in 120 cities across the nation. The program seeks to improve the capabilities of our local first responders to manage the aftermath of a WMD incident. DoD will continue to support this program, but operational responsibility will be handed over to the Department of Justice on 1 October 2000.
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