97th Military Police Battalion
The mission of the 97th Military Police Battalion is to prepare tactical Military Police units for rapid deployment for combat operations and other contingency operations in support of III Corps and Forces Command (FORSCOM). The 97th Military Police Battalion provides uninterrupted force protection/community assistance to Fort Riley, Kansas. The 97th Military Police Battalion also maintains liaison with federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies and supports installation contingency operations.
The 97th Military Police Battalion was first constituted on 8 June 1945 in the Army of the United States as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 97th Military Police Battalion and activated on 13 June 1945 in France. It was inactivated on 12 November 1945 in France.
The Battalion was allotted on 27 September 1951 to the Regular Army and activated on 28 October 1951 in Korea. It was inactivated on 20 March 1953 in Korea. During the Korean War, the Battalion operated Prisoner of War (Enclosure No. 9 in support of the United Nations-led POW internment operation. The Battalion directed a facility that secured more than 21,000 POWs. At the end of the Korean War, the Battalion had participated in 4 campaigns: UN Summer-Fall Offensive, Second Korean Winter, Korea Summer-Fall 1952, and Third Korean Winter.
The Battalion was reactivated on 1 June 1966 at Fort Lewis, Washington. It subsequently deployed to South Vietnam and operated out of Cam Rahn Bay, South Vietnam. The Battalion coordinated the battlefield circulation control operation for several key mobility corridors while simultaneously performing law and order operations. The Battalion and its subordinate units were credited with securing a 450-mile convoy of engineers and supplies destined for a special forces base camp in the vicinity of the Cambodian and South Vietnamese borders. This was the longest convoy completed during the conflict. In 6 years of service in Vietnam, the Battalion had participated in 14 campaigns of the conflict there: Counteroffensive Phase II, Counteroffensive Phase III, Tet Counteroffensive, Counteroffensive Phase IV, Counteroffensive Phase V, Counteroffensive Phase VI, Tet 69/Counteroffensive, Summer-Fall 1969, Winter-Spring 1970, Sanctuary Counteroffensive, Counteroffensive Phase VII, Consolidation I, Consolidation II, and Cease-Fire. The Battalion was inactivated on 30 April 1972 at Oakland, California after its return from Vietnam.
The unit was redesignated on 16 June 1989 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 97th Military Police Battalion, and activated in Germany. Its main missions were military customs and the command and control of the US confinement facility in Mannheim. It was inactivated on 15 August 1994 in Germany.
The unit was redesignated on 17 October 2005 as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 97th Military Police Battalion, and activated at Fort Riley, Kansas. At the time of its activation, the Battalion provided support to the 24th Infantry Division (Mechanized) through the assistance of the provost marshal's office, the Akal civilian security contractor force, the Department of the Army police, and government service employees.
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