94th Regional Readiness Command
94th Regional Support Command
The 94th Regional Readiness Command is made up of more than 6,000 citizen-soldiers who serve with companies and battalions throughout New England. Using cutting edge training and technology, the 94th provides ready combat support and service support troops needed to bolster the Regular Army during war and contingency operations.
The 94th Regional Readiness Command Mission is to command reserve units throughout New England and support the training, planning, intelligence and administration of these units, as well as units located in New England but assigned to other commands (76th, 78th and 98th Divisions, and U.S. Army Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Command). The organization includes 56 units. In addition the RRC mobilizes and deploys units and individuals as directed. In the area of facilities management, the RRC provides engineering, utilities, physical security and contracting support to 65 facilities throughout New England. The command also provides several environmental services including recycling, hazardous spill response training and environmental training.
Following a brief stay in England, the 94th Infantry Division landed on Utah Beach on D plus 94, 8 September 1944, and moved into Brittany to assume responsibility for containing some 60,000 German troops besieged in the Channel ports of Lorient and St. Nazaire. The 94th inflicted over 2,700 casualties on the enemy and took 566 prisoners before being relieved on New Year's Day 1945.
Moving west, the Division took positions in the Saar-Moselle Triangle, facing the Siegfried Switch Line, 7 January 1945, and shifted to the offensive, 14 January, seizing Tettingen and Butzdorf that day. The following day, the NennigBerg-Wies area was wrested from the enemy, but severe counterattacks followed, and Butzdorf, Berg, and most of Nennig changed hands several times before being finally secured. On the 20th, an unsuccessful battalion attack against Orscholz, eastern terminus of the switch position, resulted in loss of most of two companies. In early February the Division took Campholz woods and seized Sinz.
On 19 February 1945, the Division launched a full-scale attack, storming the heights of Munzigen Ridge, backbone of the Saar-Moselle Triangle, and took all objectives. Moving forward, the 10th Armored and 94th secured the area from Orscholz to the confluence of the Saar and Moselle Rivers by 21 February 1945. Then, launching an attack across the Saar, it established and expanded a bridgehead.
By 2 March 1945, the Division stretched over a 10-mile front, from Hocker Hill on the Saar through Zerf, and Lampaden to Ollmuth. A heavy German attack near Lampaden achieved penetrations, but the line was shortly restored, and on 13 March, spearheading the XX Corps, the 94th broke out of the bridgehead and drove to the Rhine, reaching that river, 21 March. Ludwigshafen was taken, 24 March, in conjunction with CCA of the 12th Armored Division.
The Division then moved by rail and motor to the vicinity of Krefeld, Germany, assuming responsibility, 3 April, for containing the west side of the Ruhr pocket from positions along the Rhine. With the reduction of the pocket in mid-April, the Division was assigned military government duties, first in the Krefeld and later in the Dusseldorf areas.
In late 2003 all Regional Support Commands were re-designated to Regional Readiness Commands.
In its 2005 BRAC Recommendations, the 94th was recommended for disestablishment. DoD claimed that this recommendation would support the Army Reserves Command and Control restructuring initiative to reduce Regional Readiness Commands from ten to four by disestablishing one major peacetime administrative headquarters, the 94th Regional Readiness Command and creating a new deployable headquarters on Westover Air Reserve Base.
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