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836th Transportation Battalion

The US Army's 836th Transportation Battalion (836th TB) based at Yokohama, Japan, has the U.S. military experts in port and water terminal operations in Japan. As such, they are key participants in any peacetime or wartime operation. The 836th Transportation Battalion provides Military Ocean Terminal services and ocean carrier container management for United States Forces on the main islands of Japan (less Okinawa). Major functions include discharge and load military cargo on vessels, rail cars, trucks and barges. The 836th Transportation Battalion plans, expedites and controls the flow of DoD-sponsored break bulk and containerized cargo, including personal property, through ports by applying effective port clearance methods. It monitors operations performed by contracted stevedore personnel. Provide traffic management service to ensure custom clearance, privately owned vehicles processing and inspection for damage, pilferage, and for compliance with DoD regulations; plan and manage the receipt, control and processing of cargo through Yokohama North Dock, stage and store cargo in warehouse locations; assist customs inspections, perform stuffing/unstuffing operations for import and export cargo, allocate berths for arriving vessels. It also provides planning and support for contingencies and exercises to include operating ports in support of combined Japanese/US exercises.

The Commander serves as principal water terminal plans and operations advisor to Commander, US Forces Japan (USFJ) and its DoD components and agencies for mainland Japan (less Okinawa). He also serves as the primary MTMC representative in water terminal plans and operation matters requiring liaison and mutuality of effort with the Self Defense Forces, ministries, bureaus, and agencies of the Government of Japan. Serve as Sub-Installation Commander and Safety Officer for Army installations in Yokohama. Perform community relations functions in the Yokohama area on behalf of the Commander, U.S. Army Japan-9th Theater Army Area Command (USARJ-9th TAA Com) and Commander, 17 Area Support Group. Represent MTMC on combined, joint, and Army boards and at conferences. Serve as MTMC Liaison Officer to Commander, U.S. Army Japan. Represent MTMC in U.S. Forces Japan/U.S. Army Japan sponsored exercises as required.

The Terminal Operations Division plans and executes movement of all DoD interest cargo transiting U.S. Military common-user ports in Japan (less Okinawa); conduct all cargo and warehousing operations at the U.S. Army Yokohama North Dock facility; conduct cargo operations at commercial ports in Japan as required to support DoD missions. To supervise stevedoring contractor operations at government and commercial facilities in Japan. To process all inbound and outbound POVs. To develop, coordinate, and review exercise and contingency plans; operate GCCS information systems to support planning functions.

The Cargo Management Division provides uniform and standard transportation data and documentation for control and port clearance of export and import cargo. To process cargo documents in accordance with MILSTAMP procedures and other applicable regulations. To provide traffic management services on the expeditious movement of freight into and out of Yokohama North Dock and any DoD interested commercial terminal on mainland Japan. To inspect freight and cargo for damage, pilferage and for compliance with packaging and marking instructions. To prepare Transportation Discrepancy Reports and process damage claims. To process DoD surface cargo shipped in the Defense Transportation System using Worldwide Port System. To customs clear DoD surface cargo entering and exiting mainland Japan.

ATO Yokohama, Directorate of Materiel, 17th ASG provides area transportation support, and traffic management services to tri-service activities in the Yokohama and Tokyo area and in northern and southern Japan. In addition, orders contract line-haul services and effects the port clearance of inbound cargo through 836th responsible ports in mainland Japan; effects movement of bulk petroleum products to DoD and State Department activities within the Kanto Plain and in northern Japan. Responsible for inspecting and approval of the International Through Government Bill of Lading (ITGBL) carriers' agents' warehouse facilities and performs customs quality assurance inspections of outbound household goods and unaccompanied baggage. Also, provides import-export authorization for customs free property and personal effects; provides on-site traffic management services for passengers and cargo during mainland Japan bilateral exercises.

The 836th U.S. Army Transportation Battalion has a proud history tracing its lineage to the days shortly before World War II. The Command was first organized as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, New York Port of Embarkation on 19 February 1941, and little more than a year and a half later joined the Transportation Corps as the 2nd Port Headquarters Company, Transportation Corps.

During World War II, the 2nd Port served in the East Indies, Papua, and New Guinea and won the Distinguished Unit Streamer for its part in that campaign. The 2nd Port arrived in Yokohama in June 1946, taking over facilities from the 11th Port. It was redesignated the 2nd Transportation Major Port in July 1947, and in March 1948 became a Medium Port. After the outbreak of hostilities in Korea, the 2nd Port again was designated a "Major Port" and held that designation until March 1954, when it became the 2nd Transportation Command "C". For its service during the Korean conflict, the 2nd Port received the Meritorious Unit Commendation on 23 May 1955. During the Vietnam conflict the Military Port of Yokohama played a key role in supporting the U.S. Forces in the Western Pacific.

On 1 February 1978 the port operations mission was transferred from U.S. Army Japan to Military Traffic Management Command, activating MTMC Terminal, Yokohama. On 18 December 1991, MTMC Terminal Yokohama and its assigned TOE unit, the 334th Transportation Detachment, were presented the Department of the Army commendation for extraordinary Meritorious Service in support of Operation Desert Storm. On 29 January 1992, the Army Superior Unit Award was awarded to MTMC including MTMC Terminal, Yokohama for efficient and expeditious deployment of personnel and material in support of Operations Desert Shield/Storm. On 1 January 1993, the terminal was designated the 1316th Medium Port Command. On 1 April 1994, the 334th Transportation Detachment was deactivated.

On 1 October 1997, the unit was redesignated as the 836th U.S. Army Transportation Battalion, under the command of 599th Transportation Group (Terminal), Military Traffic Management Command, United States Transportation Command.

The 836th TB participated in YAMA SAKURA XXXIX at two locations: Camp Kita-Kumamoto on the island of Kyushu, Japan, and at Fort Lewis, Washington. Its role at Camp Kita-Kumamoto was to be the port operator and Single Port Manager in support of the US Army's 9th Theater Support Command (9th TSC). The role at Fort Lewis was to control all vessel and port operations for the exercise. In a contingency, like the defense of Japan, the 836th TB will represent the 599th Transportation Group and support US Forces Japan and USARJ as the Single Port Manager and port operator. Exercise YAMA SAKURA provides the battalion an excellent opportunity to exercise these roles, train its key personnel, and improve its contingency planning and proficiency, while making a vital contribution to the defense of Japan.

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