793rd Military Police Battalion
In May 2010, the 793rd Military Police Battalion was relocated to Fort Richardson, Alaska as part of the 3rd Maneuver Enhancement Brigade, US Army Alaska. Prior to this move, the Battalion had been part of the 18th Military Police Brigade, V Corps, in Germany. Its mission had been to, on order, rapidly deploy and conduct combat, combat support and stability operations in support of the 18th Military Police Brigade and V Corps contingencies. The 793rd Military Police Battalion had been on continuous active duty since its activation at Camp Maxey, Texas, on 26 December 1942. The colors of the unit's insignia, green and yellow, were the colors of the Military Police Corps. The heraldic bend charged with the red torteauxs symbolized the Battalion's route security and circulation control mission on the famous Red Ball Highway across France, Belgium and into Germany during World War II. The 2 torteaux represented campaign honors awarded for operations in World War II.
The unit was first on 10 December 1942 in the Army of the United States as the 793rd Military Police Battalion and activated on 26 December 1942 at Camp Maxey, Texas. The Battalion deployed to Scotland in February 1944 for training prior to movement to France in August 1944, where it conducted route security operations on the famous Red Ball Highway until December 1944. From December 1944 to June 1945 the Battalion conducted port security operations in Antwerp, Belgium, and was cited in the Order of the Day by the Belgian Army.
In June 1945, the Battalion was assigned port security operations in Marseilles, France until January 1946, when it entered Germany. The Battalion was subsequently assigned to the 1st Infantry Division, and moved to Nurenberg where it conducted law and order operations as part of the occupation force, and security for the Nurenberg War Crimes Trial. The Battalion was awarded the Meritorious Unit Commendation for the European Theater, and campaign streamers for Northern France 1944 and Rhineland 1944-1945, for military operations in Europe during World War II.
After the Second World War, the unit was reorganized and redesignated on 20 October 1947 as the 793rd Military Police Service Battalion. It was allotted to the Regular Army 22 June 1951. It was reorganized and redesignated on 20 September 1951 as the 793rd Military Police Battalion. During the Cold War era, the Battalion was assigned to VII Corps, United States Army, Europe. Companies A, B, and C were inactivated on 21 October 1977 in Germany. These organic companies were replaced by the 212th, 615th, and 630th Military Police Companies.
The Battalion deployed to Saudi Arabia in December 1990 in support of VII Corps during Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. The Battalion advanced into Iraq and Kuwait in February 1991 at the start of the ground offensive in support of the 1st Armored Division, where it conducted extensive Enemy Prisoner of War operations. In April 1991, the Battalion supervised the evacuation of thousands of refugees from Iraq to Saudi Arabia. The Battalion was awarded the Meritorious Unit Commendation for Operation Desert Shield/Strom and campaign streamers for Defense of Saudi Arabia 1990-1991, Liberation and Defense of Kuwait 1991, and Southwest Asia Cease Fire, for military operations in Southwest Asia. The Battalion redeployed from Saudi Arabia to Germany in May 1991, and was subsequently reassigned to the 18th Military Police Brigade Brigade, V Corps.
The Battalion deployed to Bosnia-Herzegovina in December 1995 in support of Task Force Eagle (led by the 1st Armored Division) and Operation Joint Endeavor. For almost 11 months, soldiers of the Battalion performed a wide variety of missions including circulation control, area and route security operations, VIP security, and critical site security. During the Bosnian National Elections in September 1996, the Battalion provided around the clock support to nearly 200 election sites and counting houses in the Tuzla Valley. Upon the successful transfer of Military Police functions to the covering force of the 1st Infantry Division in November 1996, units of the Battalion redeployed to Germany, bringing an end to the second major deployment of the "Spartans" outside of Germany since 1990. The Battalion was awarded the Army Superior Unit Award for military police support and operations in Bosnia.
The 793rd Military Police Battalion deployed to Kosovo between June 1999 to December 1999 in support of Task Force Falcon to implement the peace initiatives following the NATO led Air War with Yugoslavia. They established the Bondsteel Detention Facility, the first facility of its kind in Kosovo, which further became the standard model for the Kosovo Force (KFOR). The 793rd Military Police Battalion returned to Kosovo in November 2000 to support Task Force Falcon, KFOR 2B, until May 2001. In October 2002, the 793rd Military Police Battalion again returned to Kosovo for a third tour as part of KFOR 4B and conducted operations in support of Multi-National Brigade East until August 2003.
The 793rd Military Police Battalion deployed to Iraq in December 2004 in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom 04-06. The Battalion secured the capitulated People's Mojahedin of Iran/Mujahedin-e Khalq (PMOI/MEK) forces at Camp Ashraf, Iraq. The Battalion also supported the 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 3rd Infantry Division in their area of operation. The Battalion redeployed to its home in Bamberg, Germany in November 2005. The 793rd Military Police Battalion was awarded the Meritorious Unit Commendation for Iraq and campaign streamer for Iraq, for military operations in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
The 793rd Military Police Battalion once again deployed to Iraq, from April 2008 to June 2009, in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom 08-10 where they oversaw 12 subordinate units professionalizing the Iraqi Police across 7 provinces in central and southern Iraq, from Baghdad to Basra, serving under the Multi-National Division-Central, Multi-National Division-Southeast, and Multi-National Division South.
In 2010, the unit was relocated from Germany to Fort Richardson Alaska, becoming part of the 3rd Maneuver Enhancement Brigade, US Army Alaska. Its assigned companies were relieved and it gained the 164th, 472nd, and 545th Military Police Companies, along with the 28th Military Police Detachment.
On 16 September 2011, Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 3rd Maneuver Enhancement Brigade was inactivated and was reflagged as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 2nd Engineer Brigade. 2nd Engineer Brigade was subsequently activated at Joint Base Elemendorf-Richardson. The 793rd Military Police Battalion became assigned to the newly activated unit.
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