44th Engineer Battalion (Combat)
In 2005, following a deployment to Iraq in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom, the unit redeployed to Fort Carson, Colorado instead of returning to Korea. The unit was subsequently inactivated at Fort Carson Colorado in 2005 as part of the transformation of the 2nd Infantry Division to the modular force structure and the restructuring of US Forces in Korea.
The 44th Engineer Battalion was first constituted on 15 August 1917 in the National Army as the 47th Engineer Railway Maintenance-of-Way Battalion and organized on 31 March 1918 at Camp Sheridan, Alabama. It was converted and redesignated on 7 September 1918 as the 47th Regiment, Transportation Corps.
The 47th Regiment was broken up on 12 November 1918 and its elements reorganized and redesignated. The Headquarters and Headquarters Company was disbanded. Companies A, B, and C were reorganized and redesignated as the 41st, 42nd, and 43rd Companies, Transportation Corps, respectively. These Companies were demobilized between 19 and 20 June 1919 at Camp Dix, New Jersey.
The former 47th Regiment, Transportation Corps, and the 41st, 42nd, and 43rd Companies, Transportation Corps, were reconstituted on 10 September 1936 in the Regular Army. They were concurrently, consolidated with the 47th Engineer Battalion, which had been first constituted on 1 October 1933 in the Regular Army. The consolidated unit was designated as the 47th Engineer Battalion. This unit was redesignated on 13 January 1941 as the 47th Engineer Regiment and activated on 1 August 1941 at Fort Ord, California. It was redesignated again on 1 August 1942 as the 47th Engineer General Service Regiment.
The regiment was broken up on 26 April 1944 and its elements reorganized and redesignated. 2nd Battalion was redesignated as the 1397th Engineer Construction Battalion, Headquarters and Headquarters and Service Company was redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1176th Engineer Construction Group, and 1st Battalion was redesignated as the 47th Engineer Construction Battalion. All these units thereafter had separate lineages.
The 1397th Engineer Construction Battalion was inactivated 20 February 1946 on Okinawa. It was redesignated on 29 April 1947 as the 44th Engineer Construction Battalion and activated on 31 December 1948 at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. It then departed for service in Korea. The 44th Engineer Battalion landed with the historic invasion force at Inchon, in September 1950 and went on to serve on the Korean Peninsula for more than 50 years.
It was again redesignated on 1 April 1954 as the 44th Engineer Battalion.
The Battalion was assigned on 17 February 1992 to the 2nd Infantry Division, as an element of the Engineer Brigade in Korea. It was tasked to habitually support the 2nd Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division during operations.
In August 2004, the 44th Engineer Battalion deployed to Iraq in support of the 2nd Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division as part of Operation Enduring Freedom. Once the 44th Engineer Battalion set foot on the ground in the Middle East, its immediate priority became terrain familiarization and acclimatization at Camp Buehring, Kuwait. Major tasks it performed included receiving its vehicles and equipment, as well as new equipment that would allow it to operate in the harsh desert environment. The main focus in Kuwait was combat preparations. There were numerous livefire exercises, combat loading of all equipment, and rehearsals for the tactical movement into Iraq. Upon completion of these preparations, the 44th conducted a tactical convoy to its Forward Operating Base in Ar Ramadi, the provincial capital of Al Anbar Province, located west of Fallujah and Baghdad along the Euphrates River.
Army engineers were engaged in a variety of diverse missions during the course of the Global War on Terrorism that encompassed the full spectrum of military engineering. The 44th was also prepared for a variety of missions. These missions included managing, maintaining, and repairing all facilities for 2 FOBs; performing enemy cache searches throughout the brigade area of operations; performing route clearance missions and Improvised Explosive Device searches and neutralization; building barriers to protect local government facilities; supporting infantry task forces with engineer support and demolition missions; and performing traditional infantry-type tasks.
An unexpected task was preparing the Ar Ramadi area for the Iraqi elections held in January 2005. The successful implementation of the democratic process in Iraq stood as a testament to the Soldiers of the 44th Engineer Battalion. The Soldiers of the 44th Engineer Battalion also trained members of the new Iraqi security forces to support the elected government of Iraq and assume responsibility for ensuring a safe and secure environment for the citizens of Iraq.
When its deployment ended in 2005, the unit was redeployed to Fort Carson Colorado, instead of returning to Korea. There the 2nd Brigade and the 44th Engineer Battalion was inactivated as part of the transformation of the 2nd Infantry Division to the US Army's modular force structure and the restructuring of US Forces in Korea.
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|