191st Combat Sustainment Support Battalion
191st Ordnance Battalion
The 191st Ordnance Battalion operates out of Miessau Army Ammunition Depot. Soldiers work long hours with little rest to provide ammunition for units moving down range. In addition to it's normal mission of supplying ammunition to U.S. Army Europe units, it has also been supplying ammunition to units going through the Deployment Processing Center, Rhine Ordnance Barracks, Kaiserslautern. In conjunction with the DPC, units send their requirements to the 191st and the Ordnance soldiers get to work filling those requisitions. They supported Operation Desert Fox, when Patriot Air Defense units deployed to Turkey in recent months. They have also provided ammunition support since the beginning of Operations Joint Forge and Joint Endeavor.
The 2nd Ordnance Detachment, 191st Ordnance Battalion, EOD, crudely put, blows stuff up. In early 1997 it was headquartered at Camp Bedrock in Bosnia. The unit had two-person teams throughout the U.S. sector. Though some things are blown up, something else is being built up; Army/Navy relations. Ten Army and six Navy personnel make up the unit. The sailors are from EOD Mobile Unit 8, Detachment 10, stationed in Sigonella, Sicily. Though from different branches and separated by a couple of countries, the servicemen are not strangers. The main mission was to render safe all unexploded ordnance that poses a threat to the stablization force or SFOR facilities. The unit also provided technical expertise during weapons site inspection, conducts post-blast inspection, provides mine awareness training and unexploded ordnance bomb threat searches. The unit disposed of confiscated and turned in former warring factions munitions as well.
Forty-six members of the 5th Quartermaster Company, 191st Ordnance Battalion, 29th Support Group, 21st Theater Support Command and 20 members of the 37th Airlift Squadron Air Delivery Flight spent a four-day weekend in early October 2001 building new airdrop container delivery systems and packing them with Humanitarian Daily Rations. Even though the Humanitarian Daily Rations were dropped into Afghanistan early Oct. 8, the airmen actually begin working on the Tri-wall Air Delivery, or TRIAD system, crates Sept. 30-31. The soldiers of the 5th Quartermaster joined the airmen Oct. 4. When the two groups got together Oct. 6, it took them nearly a day to fill two C-17 Globemaster IIIs with about 35,000 Humanitarian Daily Rations, according to Army Capt. Jason Soriano, commander of the 5th Quartermaster Company.
The lineage and honors of the 191st Ordnance Battalion began 18 October 1927 when it was constituted in the Regular Army as Headquarters Detachment, 7th Motor Repair Battalion. On 1 May 1936, the Battalion was redesignated as Headquarters Detachment, 1st Battalion, 56th Quartermaster Regiment. Activated 1 April 1942 at Fort Chafee, Arkansas. Converted and redesignated 1 August 1942 as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 191st Ordnance heavy Maintenance Battalion.
Redesignated 17 May 1942 as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 191st Ordnance Battalion. Inactivated 12 November 1945 in France. Redesignated 18 April 1972 at Oakland Army Base, California. Activated 16 September 1984 at Mannheim, Germany. Transferred Colors to Miesau, Germany on 29 June 1990 and assumed command and control of Miesau Army Depot and Depot assigned Units.
The 191st Ordnance Battalion Campaigns Participation Credits include: Normandy (with arrowhead) and Northern France, during World War II. Counteroffensive, Phase II, Counteroffensive, Phase III, Tet Counteroffensive, Counteroffensive, Phase VI, Counteroffensive, V, Counteroffensive, Phase VI, Tet 69, Summer-Fall 1969, Winter-Summer 1970, Sanctuary Counteroffensive, Counteroffensive, Phase VII, Consolidation I, Consolidation II and Cease Fire during the Vietnam Conflict. The Decorations and Honors bestowed upon the battalion include: the French Meritorious Unit Commendation, Streamer embroidered "Vietnam 1968-1969", Meritorious Unit Commendation, Streamer embroidered "Vietnam 1969", and the Department of the Army superior Unit Award, Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm, August 1990 through May 1991.
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