100th Area Support Group
In 2005, an official ceremony in Heidelberg, Germany marked the reflagging of the Installation Management Agency - Europe's Area Support Groups, Base Support Battalions, and Area Support Teams into 21 US Army Garrisons to align with the common US Army installation management structure worldwide, known as Standard Garrison Organization. As a result, the 100th Area Support Group was inactivated and reflagged as the US Army Garrison Grafenwöhr.
The 100th Area Support Group was located in Grafenwoehr with base support battalions in Vilseck and Hohenfels. The mission of the 100th Area Support Group was to provide command and control and base operations support to assigned and attached units; plan and provide direct combat service support to units located in or passing through the area; and prepare for and execute operations to support deployments/redeployments, community transition during crisis, force protection, reception, and onward movement of forces staging in or through the area. The primary focus was providing combat service support to units training in the Grafenwoehr and Hohenfels Training Areas.
The 100th Area Support Group mission and role was to provide quality base operations and support the 7th Army Training Command, the Grafenwoehr Training Area, the Hohenfels Training Area, the Combat Maneuver Training Center, and tenant units and activities; conduct sustaining-base operations, providing installation Management and command, control, and communications to all US Government agencies within the area of responsibility as specified by existing agreements; implement security measures according to higher headquarter's force-protection programs; ensure the readiness and well-being of assigned and attached personnel; and provide quality ranges, facilities, training assistance and support to training units. It would, on order, become placed under the operational control of the Commanding General, 21st Theater Support Command to support deployment and redeployment operations.
The 100th Area Support Group was established with headquarters located at Grafenwoehr, Germany, on 1 October 1991 as part of the US Army Europe (USAREUR) Community Plan. The 100th Area Support Group originally included 4 base support battalions: the 281st Base Support Battalion in Vilseck; the 282nd Base Support Battalion in Hohenfels; the 283rd Base Support Battalion in Wildflecken; and the 409th Base Support Battalion in Grafenwoehr. In 1993 the 416th Area Support Team in Nuremberg was added. Additionally the 100th Area Support Group oversaw Area Support Teams in the German communities of Bindlach and Amberg.
With the end of the Cold War, USAREUR began reducing forces in Germany and closed facilities and communities as units returned to the United States or were inactivated. In 1992 the Area Support Teams in Amberg and Bindlach were closed as part of the USAREUR wide draw down. In 1994, the 283rd Base Support Battalion was inactivated and the Wildflecken Training Area returned to German control. Also in 1994, the 281st Base Support Battalion and 416th Base Support Battalion were redesignated as Area Support Teams. The Nuremberg Area Support Team closed in late 1995, and the Vilseck Area Support Team was incorporated into the 409th Base Support Battalion when their headquarters moved to Vilseck in 1996.
In its short history, the 100th Area Support Group compiled an enviable record of success at both the USAREUR and Department of the Army levels of the Army Communities of Excellence Program (ACOE). From 1992 to the present, the communities within the 100th Area Support Group won over $4,000,000 in ACOE funds, clearly demonstrating their skill in providing excellent support to the units and soldiers in Bavaria.
While providing quality support to the 7th Army Training Command and supported units, the 100th helped deploy combat and combat support elements from Germany into the Balkans during Operations Joint Endeavor and Joint Guard. Throughout that NATO mission, the 100th Area Support Group supported soldiers, families and civilians with the highest quality of life standards and activities.
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