1-137th Assault Helicopter Battalion
The 1-137th Assault Helicopter Battalion can trace its roots to the First City Troop of Cleveland which was organized on 10 October 1877. This link is in tribute to our activation being a conversion of the 4th Squadron, 107th Armored Cavalry Regiment (ACR). Army Aviation within the 107th ACR began on 3 August 1959 and was designated as Aviation Company, 107th ACR.
On 27 October 1965, the Aviation Company was redesignated as Troop N (Air), 107th ACR and the 437th Aviation Company (formerly Troop D (Air) 1/238th) located in Worthington Ohio became known as Attack Troop, 107th ACR. The Regiment would add the Regimental Aviation Squadron to its rolls in the early 1980's. Combat Aviation Squadron would become known as the 4th Squadron, 107th ACR.
In addition, the 1-137th Assault Helicopter Battalion can trace its roots to three other highly professional organizations; the 1st Battalion 137 Aviation Regiment, the 2nd Battalion 137 Aviation Regiment, and Company B 2-238 Aviation Battalion-Indiana National Guard. The 1-137th was organized on 1 October 1987 and found itself as a driving force in the arena of aviation maintenance. This was significant as they were tasked to command and control organizations within both the active and reserve components. It is a tribute to its soldiers that the level of reliability and mission capable airframes was directly linked to their dedicated service.
The 2-137th was mustered into service on 1 October 1989. It was compromised primarily from elements of the Aviation Sections of the 73d Infantry Brigade and the 134th Engineer Group. The proud traditions and professionalism exhibited by both these sections was the cornerstone for success in the 2-137th.
Two seperate organizations under the operational control of the 1-137th are the 107th Medical Company (Air Ambulance) and Company D (AVIM) 137th Aviation Regiment. The 107th Medical Company activated as a new unit in the Army force structure on 1 September 1995. The 107th Medical Company was comprised from elements of the 4/107th ACR and counterparts in aviaition from the Army Reserve.
Company D (AVIM) began as Administrative Company, 37th Infantry Division located in Greensburg and Worthington Ohio. On 15 February 1968, Admin Company was reorganized into the 1416th Transportation Company assigned to the 737th Maintenance Battalion. In mid 1987, the 1416th Transportation Company was again reorganized into the present Company D (AVIM) 137th Aviation Regiment.
Company E is tasked with maintaining UH-1/ UH-60 Helicopters. In support of the 1-137th AVN BN (Air Assault) to which it is organically attached. The unit has opportunities for just about anyone in every career field, including working as a crew chief; or with engines, prop & rotor, electronics, pneumatics.
Since its inception in 1996, Company A has been tasked to support the Army National Guard's 38th Infantry Division in Indiana. In late 1998, the unit was given an additional mission: Augment the 5th Battalion of the 101st Airborne Division, Fort Campbell, Ky. Ohio's Alpha Company was one of six National Guard units tasked to round out active-duty assault battalions nationwide. And it's this "dual mission" that required the unit to modernize with Black Hawks, replacing its Hueys which are no longer fielded in the active Army.
While the UH-60 "Black Hawk" is the standard utility helicopter in the active Army, it is a new force to be reckoned with in the Ohio Army National Guard. But by December 2000, 12 of these high-tech airframes replaced the 15 UH-1H "Huey" helicopters assigned to Company A, 1-137th Assault Helicopter Battalion, located at the Army Aviation Support Facility #2 at Rickenbacker Army Enclave in Columbus. Though its equipment changed, the unit's mission won't.
Company A's alignment with the active duty not only brought Black Hawks to Ohio, it also increased the possibility of the unit's deployment. When the unit was assigned Hueys, its chances of getting called up were slim to none. Hueys are non-deployable. Now that they have Black Hawks, unit members are realizing that they may go somewhere other than the Camp Grayling, Mich. training site.
Company A received its first Black Hawk in January from AASF #1 in North Canton, where it served as a training support aircraft assigned to Detachment 1, Co. D, 137th Aviation Intermediate Maintenance. In mid-February 2000, the Virginia National Guard flew in three more of the airframes, and the unit receive d one more each month until all 12 were fielded. Ohio initially received UH-60As, but those were replaced within two years with the more advanced UH-60L, which is flown by active-duty units. Because the qualification course for both models is the same, no additional training will be required of the pilots, crew chiefs or maintenance personnel when that transition takes place.
Company C 1/137th Aviation is located in Bangor and is under the Command and Control of the 286th Petroleum Supply Battalion. The primary mission of the unit is to conduct Air Assault and Air Movement Operations. The unit also supports the State by providing transportation of personnel and equipment in times of state emergencies.
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