Target - B-29
In 1943, the military and political leadership of the USSR began to receive systematic information on the creation of high-speed long-range high-altitude bomber in the US B-29 "Superfotress". It was decided to start work in the USSR of the aircraft, the characteristics of which would be similar to that of American aircraft, with an eye to the time of the war, the Soviet Air Force could get a similar aircraft into service. In addition, it should be noted that it was in 1943 in the Soviet Union intensified work on the Soviet atomic bomb project. New "superweapon" needed a decent aircraft carrier.
In the fall of 1942, the prototype of the B-29, built at the Boeing Company in Seattle, made its maiden flight. And two years later the United States Air Force pilots started B-29 Superfortress raids on Japan and the Japanese occupied the territory of China. If the plane was damaged by anti-aircraft defenses, its crew was allowed to land at the nearest Soviet airfield. However, according to international rules, in the absence of war between the USSR and Japan, these aircraft and their crews are interned. In January 1945, the Airmen flew the "escape", and we have the far East turned out to be three integers and the latest at the time of American B-29 bomber.
Stalin knew about them, and that they were equipped with the latest equipment. Understood that the development of the domestic equipment for airplanes "64" A.n. Tupolev and DVB-302 V.M.Myasischev Experimental and research institutions of various tens of people's commissariats takes a lot of time, which the country does not have. And it took probably the only right decision: Soviet industry was ordered to set up production as soon as possible copies of the American plane with all its systems. It is Tupolevu and suggested that Stalin to lead an ambitious project. June 6, 1945 took the decision to construct a State Defence Committee on the Tu-4. A leading designer of this car was D.S.Markova. For serial development were actually a year and a half.
Kevin O’Brien, aka WeaponsMan, claimed that "The USA followed the B-29 with two amazing bombers that owed much to the concepts and processes of the B-29, but little to the actual aircraft: the Consolidated B-36 Peacemaker, and the Boeing B-47 Stratojet. The USSR, lacking the easy access of wartime, didn’t try to steal these in toto. Instead, the Soviets built directly upon their Tu-4 in the design of next generations of bomber..."
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