Philippine National Police (PNP)
The police force is un-sympathetic to the new president Rodrigo Duterte because of his alliance with Jose Maria Sison, the Communist Party of the Philippines, and the New People's Army. Duterte is known for having a good relationship with the NPA. This is also the reason his hold on the military is not so strong as to be able to accomplish martial law.
Philippine National Police (PNP) Chief Director General Ricardo Marquez said 10 May 2016 that the police force is ready for the new administration under Davao City Mayor Rodrigo Duterte. Duterte, the leading presidential bet, was known for his crime reduction and drug-free country advocacy to be done in a span of three to six months. According to Marquez, PNP is ready for the next of commander-in-chief anticipated on 30 June 2016. “Our president already said beforehand that we should respect the will of the people,” he said during the press conference held at PNP Headquarters in Camp Crame, Quezon City. Moreover, Marquez added that the PNP force was ready to abide by the command of the next commander-in-chief to fulfill the promise to the Filipino people.
Duterte promised to double the pay for police personnel and soldiers noting their meager income and their lack of logistics to fight crime and sustain the program on law and order vowing “illegal drugs and criminality have to stop and cannot go on forever.”
The Philippine National Police (PNP) (Filipino : Pambansang Pulisya ng Pilipinas) is the national police force of the Republic of the Philippines. It is both a national and a local police force in that it provides all law enforcement services throughout the Philippines. The Philippine National Police, which was result of a merger of the Philippine. Constabulary and the Integrated National Police, was activated on January 29, 1991. Its national headquarters are based at Camp Crame, Quezon City, in the National Capital Region.
The National Police was not prepared to handle the problem of insurgency. Since its creation in 1992 as a national civilian police organization, the National Police has been preoccupied with problems of criminalities, drugs, kidnappings and other syndicated crimes, and as such, had been detached from the counterinsurgency efforts of the government.
The PNP maintain internal security in most of the country and report to the DILG. The AFP, which reports to the Department of National Defense, is responsible for external security but also carries out domestic security functions in regions with a high incidence of conflict, particularly in areas of Mindanao. The two agencies shared responsibility for counter-terrorism and counter-insurgency operations. The PNP is responsible, in particular, for urban counter-terrorism operations.
The 160,000-member [as of 2015] PNP’s deep-rooted institutional deficiencies and the widely held public perception that corruption was endemic within the force continue. The PNP’s Internal Affairs Service, with a mandate to instill police discipline, remains largely ineffective. Civilians and NGOs accuse police personnel of torture, soliciting bribes, and other illegal acts. Efforts continue to reform and professionalize the institution through improved training, expanded community outreach, and salary increases. Human rights-based modules were, for example, included in all PNP career courses. The government lacks sufficient mechanisms to investigate and punish abuse and corruption in the PNP and the AFP, which allowed impunity to persist within the security forces.
Dramatic changes were planned for the police in 1991. The newly formed Philippine National Police was to be a strictly civilian organization, removed from the armed forces and placed under a new civilian department known as the Department of the Interior and Local Government.
Local police forces were supported at the national level by the National Bureau of Investigation. As an agency of the Department of Justice, the National Bureau of Investigation was authorized to "investigate, on its own initiative and in the public interest, crimes and other offenses against the laws of the Philippines; to help whenever officially requested, investigate or detect crimes or other offenses; [and] to act as a national clearing house of criminal records and other information. In addition, the bureau maintained a scientific crime laboratory and provided technical assistance on request to the police and constabulary.
Local officials also played a role in law enforcement. By presidential decree, the justice system in the barangays empowered village leaders to handle petty and less serious crimes. The intent of the program was to reinforce the authority of local officials and to reduce the workload on already overtaxed Philippine law enforcement agencies.
The Independent Commission Against Private Armies (ICAPA), created by Administrative Order 275 issued by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, forwarded two resolutions (Resolution No. 001-10 and Resolution No. 002-10) to the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) and the Philippine National Police (PNP) on March 24, 2010. The resolutions directed these organizations to increase efforts to disband partisan armed groups in order to secure safe and credible elections in May 2010.
Among the provisions of the resolutions were the following:
- AFP was urged to conduct an inventory of firearms and ammunition issued to the Civilian Armed Forces Geographical Unit (CAFGU);
- AFP was urged to monitor CAFGU and Special Civilian Active Auxiliaries personnel to detect the possibility of their involvement in election-related violence and report on the matter within ten days; AFP was directed to increase troop presence in known security-risk areas and to set up more checkpoints in the coastal areas lying between the provinces of Lanao del Sur and Masbate, due to reports of unregulated firearms shipments;
- PNP was directed to conduct a physical inventory of firearms issued to provincial jail guards, provincial security forces, civilian volunteer organizations, and police auxiliary units and/or Barangay tanods [watchmen] and to report on the matter within ten days; and
- PNP was directed to regulate the unauthorized use of police and military uniforms and vehicles and to bring about the arrest of civilians and unauthorized personnel engaged in such unlawful activity.
The job of Philippine law enforcement officers is a difficult one. They are responsible for guarding their country's 7,000 islands and over 35,000 kilometers of coastline. Complementing other US assistance in the Philippines, the International Criminal Investigative Training Assistance Program [ICITAP] has helped the 200,000 strong Philippine National Police force accomplish top-to-bottom structural reforms, as one component of an overall U.S. assistance strategy to the Philippines security sector.
The increased sophistication and ruthlessness of today's criminal networks, as well as the harm caused by crimes such as trafficking in narcotics, arms and people, demand greater international cooperation among the law enforcement officers. The US Department of State works with committed partners to combat transnational crime and corruption through its diplomatic initiatives and training programs. The US Department of Justice through the funding and authorities of the State Department ICITAP.
Philippine Armed Forces and Philippine National Police trained with U.S. Marines from 3rd Law Enforcement Battalion, III Marine Expeditionary Force, on how to use the X26 Taser, at Marine Barracks Rudiardo Brown, 07 August 2015, as part of Non-lethal Weapons Executive Seminar (NOLES) 2014. This year marked the 13th iteration of this event, which is held annually by U.S. Marine Corps Forces, Pacific, and consists of a field-training exercise and a leadership seminar with participants from 19 nations. This year the Armed Forces of the Philippines are hosting NOLES, for the first time. The exercise promotes awareness and effective use of non-lethal weapons (NLW) to maintain order in low-intensity conflicts or civil unrest.
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