Federal Police (FP) Organization
As of mid-2010 FP manning was approximately 43,000 personnel. The MoI had authorized the FP to hire 52% of its 89,810 Modified Table of Organization and Equipment (MTOE) personnel strength. As of 2010 the FP were comprised of four motorized divisions with 15 brigades, including a mechanized brigade and a sustainment brigade. There was a plan to expand to a fifth mechanized division and an overall strength of approximately 21 brigades and several special protection forces. The MOI planned to place a FP brigade in each Province by 2012. Each fully formed Division commands four brigades, usually with three FP battalions and a Special Troops Battalion (STB). The Divisions also have a STB and a Commando or QRF battalion directly under their HQ. The QRF battalions are proposed to be Air Assault qualified in the future. Future proposals call for a Sustainment Brigade with a Sustainment Battalion, a Maintenance Battalion and a Motor Transport Battalion in each Division. A standard FP Battalion has four Police companies and a Recon Platoon. The Brigade STBs tend to be under-developed and under-manned, but these battalions do contain the brigade staff, maintenance and fuel support troops, a Commando company and the brigade security company.
The brigades of 1st and 2nd Divisions are numbered 1 through 8 similar to the Iraqi Army. The 3rd Division Brigades are named in honor of an Iraqi hero or the region it is assigned. Other elements are in flux as the 4th and 5th Divisions are formed. For example the 1st Mech Brigade is proposed to be transferred to the planned 5th Mech Division and the planned Diyala Brigade may form under the 4th Division.
Four of the brigades were formerly part of the disbanded 1st SP division (1, 2, 3, 7). The other four were part of the Public Order division (4, 5, 6, 8). NP brigade headquarters are predominantly in the vicinity of the capital, and all but one brigade operating in greater Baghdad. The 1st and 2nd brigadesí headquarters were in northern Baghdad. The remaining headquarters were located as follows: 3rd brigade headquarters is in Samarra, 4th brigade in Salman Pak, 5th brigade in Camp Justice (Baghdad), 6th brigade in Mashtal (Baghdad), 7th brigade in southwestern Baghdad, 8th brigade in Walid, and the 1st NP mechanized brigade in western Baghdad.
In 2010 the 1st and 2nd FP divisions stood at 62% and 63% of MTOE strength. The 3rd FP Division, manned at 53% of MTOE strength, controlled four brigades and provided security in Diyala, Mosul, Salah ad Din, and Anbar. The 4th FP Division had one operational brigade and two more in force generation, and had a presence in Wasit, Maysan, and Baghdad. The vision of the FP CG was to field a force of five FP divisions. Continued expansion of the FP into the provinces was supported by a three-year plan to base a brigade-sized FP force in each province, with five regionally-based division HQ controlling these units, and division support battalions providing logistical support. This would provide for a total force of five FP divisions, consisting of 25 FP brigades and 85 FP battalions, across Iraq.
Discussions among FP and MoI leadership envisioned a possible sixth FP division in the northern Kurdish controlled regions, formed from FP-trained Zervani personnel. The FP continued to improve its capabilities to assume a greater role in the security of Iraq. The fielding of additional U.S. provided equipment, and assimilation of provincial IP Emergency Response Unit personnel into its ranks, positively affected the FPís ability to assume these roles. Public perception of the FP was increasingly positive, as they continued to be viewed as a federal force that is not tied to local influences, sectarian loyalties, or corruption. Challenges include the ability to sustain and maintain the force they have. The FP Sustainment Brigade suffered from the same issues that the line units did with regard to personnel and equipment, which limited future growth. There was a lack of engineering staff at the division level. The FP leadership was unable to provide facilities for the full force prior to 2016 due to facilities cost, which were approximately $15 million per brigade headquarters, and project time requirements.
The Federal Police Command HQ retained control of the FP Sustainment Brigade, the supply depots and the training centers, as well as currently having command and control of the Mech Brigade. The Divisions in the field have an administrative and logistical relationship with the FP Command HQ, but operationally fell under the command and control of the Area Commands (equivalent to Corps echelon). The Area Commands fall under the regional Operations Commands. Ultimately they answer to the Iraqi Ground Forces Command (IGFC).
This command relationship often results in a combined Task Organization that deviates from the IFP standard order of battle. For example: An Area Command may be assigned two Iraqi Army (IA) Divisions and one FP Division. Further, a FP Battalion may be attached to an IA Brigade and vice versa. It is important to note that the Area Commands are joint, so a FP Commander is eligible to command an Area Command and future plans call for the two Area Commands in Bagdad to be all FP.
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