US Army Garrison - Casey Enclave
Camp Casey is located in Tongduchon, Korea approximately 40 miles North of Seoul. Camp Casey spanned nearly 3500 acres and was occupied by some 6300 military and 2500 civilians. Its primary mission is to act in concert with the Republic of Korea to deter aggression, and, should deterrence fail, to defend the ROK.
Hills and mountains cover about 75 percent of Korea, with the remainder covered by scattered lowlands. Most of the rivers are short, swift, and shallow due to topography, narrowness, and sand deposits within the river. Camp Casey was located within a valley, 11 miles (20 km) south of the Demilitarized Zone in the village of Tongduchon. The Kwangju Mountain Range, an offshoot of the Taebaek Mountains, extends southwest to include the mountains around Seoul. This range separates the Paju plain in the Imjin drainage from the Han. The majority of the mountain tops in this region are less than 4,900 feet (1,500 meters). Camp Casey is at the edge of Soyo Mountain, also known as Kyonggi's "Little Kumkang Mountain." It is the first gateway to the northern countries. It was also developing into the most important city in northern Kyonggi. The Tongduchun city population status was over 70,000 citizens. Its climate features included, on average, summers between 80 and 90 oF, winters between -5 and 30 oF, and 40-48" of rain during a rainy season between July and August.
Camp Casey was one of the 42 camps north of Seoul authorized Hardship Duty Pay of $150 per month as of 1 January 2001. The Hardship Duty Pay is paid to troops who are permanently assigned to areas where it is authorized or who serve 30 consecutive days of temporary duty in those areas. Several factors are considered in determining whether a location qualified for the pay: climate, physical and social isolation, sanitation, disease, medical facilities, housing, food, recreational and community facilities, political violence, harassment and crime. The extra pay provides meaningful financial recognition to troops assigned in areas where living conditions are substantially below US standards.
Family Quarters are not available. All but 76 of the Division's soldiers serve one-year unaccompanied tours. All soldiers live in on-post quarters.
Camp Casey was named and officially dedicated in 1952 in memory of Major Hugh B. Casey, who died in a plane crash in December 1951. Casey arrived in Korea in 1950, a Second Lieutenant, and served as a company commander in the 2nd Battalion, 7th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division. He received the Distinguished Service Cross, the nation's second highest award for valor, for heroism at the Hungnam beachhead. According to Lt. Colonel Roy E. Lewis, then executive officer of the 7th Infantry Division Support Command, Casey was ordered to have his company in a blocking position west of Hungnam by sunrise the next morning. He had to cross a mountain pass with 2 to 3 feet of snow in it. Force marching his men, he had them only halfway to the objective by sunrise. He pressed forward, refusing to give up despite the fatigue and hopelessness of the mission. He did not stop marching until ordered to. To Lewis, this was what made Casey an extraordinary soldier. "He gave little thought to himself," Lewis said.
Later, while serving as senior aide to Maj. Gen. Williston B. Palmer, then Commanding General of the 3rd Infantry Division, Casey's light observation plane was hit by ground fire. The plane crashed just west of what would become the 2nd Infantry Division headquarters. A white wooden cross was erected to mark the spot. This was replaced in 1960 by a white concrete cross. "Lest we forget," the cross and camp now mark the memory of a brave man.
During the Korean War Camp Casey was home to the Royal Thai Battalion, the 19th Battalion Combat Team, Philippines, the US 45th Division, and the 5th and 7th Marines. On 21 March 1953, 1st Royal Australian Regiment was relieved by 2nd Royal Australian Regiment at Camp Casey, near Tongduchon, and returned to Australia later that month.
2nd Battle Group, 35th Infantry continued defense activity until 7 July 1953, when units of the Regiment were temporarily relieved of their combat mission, moved into I Corps reserve, and preceded to Camp Casey for rehabilitation and training. Here they remained until 10 September 1954 when the 35th Infantry Regiment began its return trip home to Hawaii as part of the 25th Infantry Division. In July 1953, the 25th Division again moved to reserve status at Camp Casey where it remained through the signing of the armistice 27 July 1953.
Between 1953 to 1971, the 7th Infantry Division defended the DMZ. Its main garrison was Camp Casey, South Korea. In 1954, the 7th Division occupied Camp Casey, Camp Hovey, and Camp Kaiser. In 1971, the 7th Division returned to the US and the 2nd Infantry Division moved from the Western corridor and occupied Camp Casey. In 1994, division headquarters transferred from Camp Casey to Uijongbu's Camp Red Cloud, leaving the office of the Assistant Division Commander (Maneuver) in place.
With the creation of Installation Management Command (IMCOM) and the subordinate Installation Management Command Korea (IMCOM-K) in 2006 and subsequent reorganizations, Camp Casey became the headquarters for IMCOM's US Army Garrison Casey Enclave. The Enclave under the Land Partnership Plan approved in 2002, would include Camp Castle and Camp Hovey along with Camp Casey, as a single administrative unit.
Central Post Information
- Dental Clinic
- Health Clinic
- Civilian hospital available on the economy for emergency care
MWR Facilities Available:
- Recreation Center
- 1st Brigade Super day rooms
- Golf Course
- Bowling Center
- Swimming Pool
- Outdoor Tennis/Basketball
- Officer Club
- NCO/Enlisted Club
- Gymnasiums (2)
- Arts & Crafts Center
- Mini Gyms (5)
AAFES Facilities Available:
- Post Exchange
- Small Post Exchange
- Burger King/Popeye's
- Airline Ticket Office
- Tailor Shop
- Class VI Store
- Pizza Delivery
- Filling Station
- Barber/Beauty Salon
General Area Information
National Parks and Resorts: Tobong, Soyo and Surak Mountains are all in the area, as is the Songdu Resort. Also, there are many parks, resorts, historical sites and entertainment areas in Korea. Because of the country's size and excellent transortation system, all these sites are within a day's travel from anywhere in the Division area. On-post tour and travel offices, Morale, Welfare and Recreation offices, and the USO offer regular excursions.
Nearby Facilities and Places of Interest:
- Hunting = Hunting available at Cheju-Do Island (320 miles away).
- Fishing = Fishing by boat at Inchon (65 miles away).
- Skiing = Chonmasan about 40 miles away from Camp Casey.
- Swimming and Boating = No boating.
- On post swimming pools.
The FASTBACK system that was replaced in Korea is reflective of the typical legacy mw systems used by the US Army to support worldwide long haul communication requirements. The FASTBACK system (seven individual links) provided a secure reliable means of transmitting bulk data collected along the Demilitarized Zone to command groups located in the southern part of the country. The equipment (i.e., radios and multiplexers) supporting the FASTBACK system had been in operation for over fifteen years, utilizing technology that was over twenty years old. The FASTBACK system consisted of an AN/FRC-162 radio and AN/FCC-97 multiplexer. In the late 1990s it was replaced by a high speed (155 Mbps) SONET digital microwave radio that utilize the digital data multiplexer (DDM)-2000 OC3 multiplexer. The Digital Microwave Upgrade DMU Phase I is a good example of what occurs when the link bandwidth is increased (8 DS1s to 84 DS1s (three 45 Mbps DS3)) with high speed SONET digital microwave and interface requirements to existing older, low speed mw technology. The Yongsan to Madison, Osan to Madison, and Camp Humphreys to Madison FASTBACK links were replaced during Phase I with the Harris MegaStar 2000 SONET radio. The remaining FASTBACK mw links between Madison and Kamaksan, Kangwhado, and Songnam, and Kamaksan and Yawolsan, were replaced during DMU Phase III. In conjunction with the DMU, the digital patch and access systems (DPAS) at Yongsan, Osan, and Camp Humphreys were upgraded to support up to three DS3s each.
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