54th Guards Missile Division (military unit 34048)
guards missile order of Kutuzov II degree division
The Teikov missile formation is rightfully considered one of the best in the Strategic Missile Forces. At one time, the Teik strategists were visited by the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. Recently, the organization of combat duty in the compound was checked by the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation, General of the Army Sergei Shoigu. This unit was the first of all Strategic Missile Forces divisions to be re-equipped first with Topol-M mobile ground-based missile systems (PGRK), and then with the most modern Yars missile systems. By 2020 it was the only division in Russia that is armed with both of these missile systems.
Based on the directive of the Minister of Defense of the USSR in May 1960, the 197th missile brigade was formed on the basis of the 27th Guards Cannon Artillery Order of Kutuzov, the 7th Cannon Artillery Division, the 541st Artillery Regiment and the 207th School of Mechanics. By a directive of the General Staff of the Armed Forces, the guards name and order were transferred by succession.
In accordance with the Directive of the Minister of Defense of the USSR in April 1961, the brigade was reorganized into a Guards Missile Division of the Order of Kutuzov of the II degree with a station in the city of Teikovo. In order to preserve the military traditions of the unit, which made a great contribution to the achievement of Victory, the directive of the General Staff of the Missile Forces of July 10, 1961 set the date for the annual holiday of the missile division - October 15. On November 1, 1973, the division was awarded the Pennant of the Minister of Defense "For courage and military valor displayed in the 1973 exercises", and in 1985 - the Pennant of the Minister of Defense "For Courage and Military Valor."
November 27, 1999 - By the decree of the President of the Russian Federation, one of the division's missile regiments was given the honorary name "Ivanovsky". In various years, the missile division was armed with R-16U missiles (from 1962 to 1977), UR-100 (from 1968 to 1975), UR-100K (from 1971 to 1991), RT-2PM (from 1988 to 2009), RT2PM2 (from 2006 to present), RS-24 (from 2010 to present).
Since June 2012, the Teikovo missile formation began to supply new types of weapons and military equipment, such as communication vehicles, mobile command post units, as well as other military equipment providing combat duty. By the end of the month, the Yars autonomous launchers will also be put into the compound. This weapon is intended to equip the last missile battalion of the formation, the deployment of which will complete the rearmament of the formation as a whole. This will be the first formation in the Strategic Missile Forces fully re-equipped with the new Topol-M and Yars missile systems with 5th generation ICBMs RT-2PM2 and RS-24, respectively.
In addition to the supply of weapons and military equipment, the formation is actively working on the construction of administrative and economic infrastructure. These facilities include new soldiers 'and officers' canteens, cockpit-type barracks, headquarters of missile regiments, training buildings, and technical structures intended for servicing the units.
The RS-24 ICBM with a multiple warhead was developed by the Moscow Institute of Thermal Engineering under the leadership of the General Designer, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Yuri Semenovich Solomonov. This rocket was created using scientific, technical and technological solutions implemented in the Topol-M missile system, which significantly reduced the time and cost of its creation.
The adoption of the RS-24 ICBM enhances the combat capabilities of the Strategic Missile Forces strike group to overcome anti-missile defense systems, thereby strengthening the potential for nuclear deterrence of the Russian strategic nuclear forces (SNF).
Russian Defense Minister General of the Army Sergei Shoigu on 06 August 2020 inspected the Teykovo formation of the Strategic Missile Forces, which is armed with mobile ground missile systems with Topol-M and Yars intercontinental ballistic missiles. During a working trip to the positional area of the formation, Shoigu checked the organization of combat alert at the mobile command posts of the missile division and missile regiment. The minister inspected the organization of the march of the missile battalion and its deployment in the field position, examined the autonomous launcher of the Yars missile complex, and assessed the actions of its crew to curtail the complex for a subsequent change in the field position.
In addition to re-equipping the missile compound with modern missile systems, the division completed work on the creation of a new infrastructure, which allows providing high-quality conditions for the training of duty forces and personnel on combat duty. The commander of the Strategic Missile Forces, Colonel-General Sergei Karakaev, reported on the rate of re-equipment of the Vladimir missile association, on the re-equipment of its formations with new missile systems. The divisional commander reported to the head of the military department on the combat capabilities of the new types of weapons of the Strategic Missile Forces - the Foliage remote mine clearance vehicle, the engineering support and camouflage vehicle, the Typhoon-M anti-sabotage combat vehicle equipped with a modern reconnaissance complex with an unmanned aerial vehicle.
An ICBM launch complex consisting of two launch areas under construction, a complex support facility, and a rail-to-road transfer point was identified on KEYHOLE photography of February-March 1962 near the town of Teykovo and about 15 nautical miles (nm) southwest of Ivanovo. A third launch area under construction was identified on photography of April 1962. A survey of previous photography of the complex area revealed no construction activity in August 1960; however, one year later, in September 1961, the Complex Support Facility and Rail-toRoad Transfer Point were under construction. The locations of the launch areas were cloud covered at the time of the later photography. In December 1961, construction of Launch Area A had started, but no recognizable pattern had evolved.
The three launch areas comprising the Teykovo Complex, each in a wooded location, are of Yur'ya Type 2. They are in various stages of construction and are on an azimuth of approximately 295 degrees (± 5 degrees). The straight-line distance between Launch Areas A and B is 3.6 nm, between Launch Areas A and C 5.6 nm, and between Launch Areas B and C 8.6 nm. A search of photography did not reveal any missile transporters within the complex.
Launch Area A is located at 56-54-N 40-26-E, approximately 4.5 nm northwest of Teykovo. It lies approximately 4.25 nm west-northwest of the Rail-to-Road Transfer Point in a straight line and 7.1 nm by the complex main road. Each of the launch pads contains an elongated dark object, possibly an erector or carriage, 75 to 80 feet in length and of an irregular and undeterminable width. The launch pads are elliptical and measure approximately 325 by 115 feet. Cable galleries connect the launch pads to the launch control bunker. The more northerly pad is supported by a canted missile-ready building 170 by 125 feet. An unidentified object 80 feet long is on the apron in front of the building. The other ready building, under construction, is directly in line with the pad. Each building lies 700 feet behind its respective pad. The offset road is still under construction. A security building is located on the service road immediately outside the fence surrounding the area and approximately 1,200 feet south of the center of the launch area. A ditch, the purpose of which is unknown, has been dug from the southern side of the northern ready building to the launch support area.
The launch support area for Launch Area A lies approximately 3,400 feet south of the launch area and contains 4 two-story buildings, 4 single-story buildings, and 2 buildings under construction. A construction camp lies approximately 1,500 feet southeast of the launch support area and consists of 9 two-story buildings, each approximately 150 by 40 feet; one two-story building, 100 by 40 feet; 4 one-story buildings, each 140 by 30 feet; 2 L-shaped buildings, each 120 by 100 feet overall; 7 one-story buildings, each 100 by 30 feet; and 11 smaller structures.
The Rail-to-Road ransfer Point lies in a partly cleared wooded area at 56-53N 40-34-E, approximately 2.5 nm north-northeast of Teykovo and 1.5 nm north-northwest of the "leykovo-Ivanovo railroad line. A spur 1.7 nm in length serves the transfer point from the main rail line. The roads within the transfer point have an average width of 20 feet. The main section of the transfer point consists of a concrete loop road 955 by 400 feet; two concrete hardstands, one feet and the other 230 by 60 feet; one and possibly two rail sidings with an associated hardstand 650 by 45 feet; and approximately five buildings. A second loop road to the south lies between the main section and the complex main road.
The Complex Support Facility straddles the Teykovo-lvanovo main road, which separates the rail spurs to the south from the housing-administration and warehouse areas to the north. The rail spur serving the support facility is different from that serving the Rail-to-Road Transfer Point. This is only the second time that two such spurs had been observed at a Soviet ICBM complex and may indicate that the missiles are not necessarily processed through the Complex Support Facility but may go directly to the Transfer Point. The other instance of such an arrangement is at Kostroma. The Complex Support Facility appears to be primarily a main construction base rather than a direct operational base for the complex.
The Complex Support Facility, located immediately northeast of Teykovo, is served primarily by a rail spur which branches into three, and possibly four, parallel spurs. From north to south, these spurs measure about 2,600, 3,500, 3,500, and 2,900 feet and are about 515, 400, and 430 feet apart. The area between the spurs appears to be used for storage of construction materials. At least 25 buildings are located in this area, about 8 of which are grouped around one section of the spur in the center of the facility. The largest of these structures is about 165 by 70 feet, and two of them appear to be standard concrete batching plants.
Once deployed at a dozen locations across the Soviet Union, by the early 1990s the SS-11 were deployed at only half a dozen sites: Bershet' [Perm], Drovyanaya, Kozel'sk [Kozelsk], Krasnoyarsk [Gladkaya], Teykovo and Yasnaya [Olovyannaya], and by the late 1990s all had been withdrawn from service.
Each SS-25 base includes one battalion area (missile division headquarters) and four deployment areas (missile garages). The new boundary of the Maintenance Facility of the Teykovo ICBM Base for Road-Mobile Launchers of ICBMs was to be that shown on the site diagram attached to this Joint Statement. The portions of the Teykovo ICBM Base for Road-Mobile Launchers of ICBMs to be excluded, pursuant to this Joint Statement, from within the boundary shown on the site diagram of the facility dated March 20, 1995, shall not be subject to inspection unless such portions are included within the boundary of any inspection site.
The Teykovo missile base (54th Guard Missile Division) in northeast Moscow, according to the data exchange content of the US-Russia START I treaty, the four deployment areas (missile garages) are limited to 0.31 square kilometers and 0.27 square kilometers Meters, 0.23 square kilometers, 0.16 square kilometers; and the entire evacuation area has 11,000 square kilometers (this is only the scope specified in the treaty, and it does not take into account the wider area that Russia may enter during wartime). Although there are 9 RS-24 "Yars" launch vehicles in each missile garage area, and these garages are soft targets that cannot withstand nuclear strikes, the distance between the garage areas is long enough that the United States has to treat each garage area as a separate target.
On November 30, 2010 the commander of the Strategic Rocket Forces, Lt.-General Sergei Karakayev, announced that all new mobile Topol-M missiles will carry multiple warheads. This modification of the missile is officially known as the Yars or RS–24. The first three RS–24 missiles were deployed in Teykovo earlier in 2010. r, Russia deploys three kinds of SS-27 missiles: the SS-27 Mod. 1, a single-warhead missile that comes in either mobile (RS-12M1) or silo-based (RS-12M2) variants, and the SS-27 Mod. 2 (RS-24), called the Yars in Russia, a mobile missile equipped with multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicles (MIRVs).
Russia announced it had deployed three more Topol-M (SS-27) roadmobile ICBMs in December 2007 at Teykovo, in addition to the three Topol-Ms already on alert there since December 2006. By 01 July 2008 there were only 2 non-deployed RS-12M Variant 2 (SS-27 (road)) and 1 non-deployed RS-12M Variant 2 road-mobile launcher at this facility. Deployment of the SS-27 Mod. 1 was completed in 2012 at a total of 78 missiles: 60 silo-based missiles with the 60th Missile Division in Tatishchevo and 18 road-mobile missiles with the 54th Guards Missile Division at Teykovo.
Commercial satellite imagery acquired in April 2018 showed the newest Peresvet laser combat system in Ivano region, near the intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) base at Teykovo. According to the militaryrussia.ru, the facilities of the newest Russian Peresvet laser combat system located ((latitude 56.898855, longitude 40.578283) in the Ivanovo region, near the position of the 2426th technical missile base of the 54th Guards Missile Division of the Strategic Rocket Forces of Russia.
The city of Teikovo is located in the Ivanovo region, 300 kilometers from Moscow. Seeing the coat of arms of the city, one immediately understands that the attitude towards the military and textile workers is special here. On the coat of arms, there is a silver weaving shuttle and two golden crossed swords. The weaving shuttle symbolizes that Teikovo, still a village, was famous for its spinning, weaving and printed production, founded in the middle of the 18th century. Two golden crossed swords make it clear that during the Great Patriotic War, the city became the center for the formation and training of airborne, artillery, rifle and aviation units and units, and now the guards order of Kutuzov's missile division, the pride of the city, is stationed in the garrison.
The village of Teykovo was first mentioned at the beginning of the XVII century in connection with the peasant riots of the Time of Troubles in 1613, 1618, 1651. The name of the village has Finno-Ugric roots and V.I. Dal gives the following explanation in the dictionary: “Taika (teika) is a forest village, forest settlement, forest but inhabited wilderness”. In the names of rivers and lakes, one can feel the influence of Finno-Ugric and Early Slavic cultures: the Nerl River (bright, clear water), Vyazma (winding, winding), Ukhtokhma (cold, cold), Saneba (fast, running), Lake Sakhtysh (stormy, restless, bubbling, and “tysh” - fishy, rich in fish).
Teykovo is located on both banks of the river. Vyazma, from west to east, and divides the city into two approximately equal parts. The oldest part of the settlement is located on the high right bank. Since 1619, the village of Teykovo of the Suzdal district was listed as two owners - Princess A.G. Tyufyakina and solicitor of the bread yard F.I. Barefoot. In the 2nd floor. 17 century Teykovo passed to the princes Prozorovsky. The villagers already at that time were engaged in handicraft weaving and dyeing fabrics. In the center of the village, a large area forms on which merchants from Suzdal trade. Rostov, Yuryevets.
In 1918, Teykovo from the village of Shuysky district of Vladimir province was transformed into the county town of Ivanovo-Voznesenskaya province, and in 1929 - into the district center of Ivanovo region. At the turn of the 1920s and 30s. in the city center, on the street Oktyabrskaya, a number of buildings were erected, forming a kind of complex in the spirit of the avant-garde architecture of the time: a 53-apartment red-brick house with a shop on the ground floor, model nurseries No. 1 for 100 children. In the middle of the boulevard, between the two named structures, a fire station with a high tower were built.
In the years 1934-36. For Teykov, the first planning project was developed, during the implementation of which new peripheral quarters appeared in the southern, northern (district), eastern (beyond the railway) areas of the city. In the 1950s the appearance of the main city square (Lenin Square) - the administrative, public and cultural center of Teykovo - had undergone significant changes. On the site of the Trinity Church, dismantled in 1930, an extended three-story residential building was erected, which blocked the temple complex from the square. A monumental House of Culture with a hall for 500 seats was erected on its western border; a building of a typical movie theater of the 1960s was located to the left of it on the south side of the square. with a hall for 300 seats.
Teykovites are proud of their fellow revolutionaries and defenders of the homeland - Shestagin, Pchelin, Frolov, Shibaev, Korotkov, Komov, Samoilov, Suchkov, ten heroes of the Soviet Union During the years of World War II, an airfield was built by the inhabitants of the city and outlying villages over the three summer months, and the city became a center for the formation and training of airborne, artillery, rifle and aviation units and units.
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