Myasischev M-18 Strategic bomber
Having completed research on topic 20, General Designer V.M. Myasishchev entered the competition for the creation of a supersonic multimode strategic carrier aircraft (topic 18). The basis for the work was MAP Order No. 285 of September 15, 1969.
The heavy bomber M-18 was developed in the development of the project of the supersonic bomber M-20 version IV. To organize work at the EMZ involving industry research institutes and related organizations, MAP Orders No. 134 of September 17 and No. 321 of October 9, 1970 were issued. A promising aircraft was supposed to have a long range at subsonic speed with the possibility of short-term flight at supersonic speed at an altitude of about 20,000 m or flying at low (300-500 m) altitudes at subsonic speed to break through the enemy’s air defense zone with a length of up to 2000 km.
The fastest pace was creating the most important and crucial structural element of the aircraft with variable wing geometry - the original hinge for turning the wing in flight, its model undergoes strength and dynamic research at TsAGI.
Soon, 9 stands and two flying laboratories are involved. The take-off weight of the aircraft as a result of the work performed is reduced by 10%. The results of design work on the M-18 supersonic multi-mode aircraft with a variable sweep wing, carried out on a competitive basis according to the requirements of the Air Force for a heavy strategic bomber, in 1972 were recognized as the best among similar works.
The M-18 project was supported by TsAGI and NTS MAP. Commander of Long-Range Aviation, Colonel-General VVReshetnikov nicknamed the M-18 "thin-bodied pike."
However, the MAP leadership takes a different decision: for further work on a supersonic bomber, transfer the materials of the M-18 project to the OKB MMZ "Experience" of the general designer A.N. Tupolev . This decision was influenced by such factors as the small number of V.M. Myasishchev's design bureau recreated in the second half of the 1960s and the lack of the necessary scientific, technical and industrial base.
|Type of||Strategic bomber|
|Length m||about 44|
|Wing span, m||about 42|
|Height (parked)||about 10|
|Take-off weight, kg||about 150,000|
|combat load, kg||about 15000|
|Missile weapons||2 x X-45|
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