UNITED24 - Make a charitable donation in support of Ukraine!

Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

Harbah [C-602] / Babur 3 / Hatf-11?? - Sea Launched Cruise Missile

The Harba is an indigenously built sea-to-sea cruise missile which can also hit the target on the land. The name "Harbah" is War tactic (though it is also an Arabic word; root word Harb (war)). The literal meaning of the missile's name - Harba - is an Arabic word for "Fast moving".

Pakistan Navy on 03 January 2018 demonstrated its ability to "respond to any aggression" by conducting a test fire of a cruise missile from its recently commissioned PNS Himmat near Karachi. The missile achieved its target successfully during the demonstration. The Fast Attack Craft (Missile) PNS HIMMAT, built at Karachi Shipyard & Engineering Works Limited (KS&EW), was commissioned at Pakistan Navy Dockyard Karachi in July 2017. PNS HIMMAT is a 63 meters long Fast Attack Craft fitted with state of the art weapons and sensor. Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral Zafar Mahmood Abbasi witnessed the demonstration from PNS Alamgir. According to the Navy, this successful demonstration of weapon firing is a manifestation of the reliability of Pak Navy firepower. Speaking on the occasion, Admiral Zafar Mahmood Abbasi expressed his satisfaction on the operational preparations of naval fleet.

Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral Mohammad Asif Sandila inaugurated the newly constructed Headquarters of the Naval Strategic Force Command (NSFC) on May 19, 2012. Lt Gen (Retd) Khalid Ahmed Kidwai Director General Strategic Plans Division and other senior ranking Naval and Military officers were also present on the occasion.

While welcoming the Chief Guest, Vice Admiral Tanveer Faiz, Commander Naval Strategic Force Command highlighted that HQ NSFC will perform a pivotal role in development and employment of the Naval Strategic Force. The Force, which is the custodian of the nation’s 2nd strike capability, will strengthen Pakistan’s policy of Credible Minimum Deterrence and ensure regional stability.

The Chief of the Naval Staff commended the quality of work in making the HQ NSFC a state of the art facility. He declared that the day marks the formal establishment of the Naval Strategic Force Command of Pakistan.

Strategic Technology Resources Chief Executive Officer Dr Shireen Mazari said 12 February 2013 that "We are signaling our acquisition of tactical missile capability and miniaturisation technology. This will allow our already developed cruise missiles - the Hatf-VIII [Ra'ad] which is an air-launched cruise missile [ALCM] and Hatf-VII [Babur], which is a ground-launched cruise missile [GLCM] - to be miniaturised for sea-launched submarine capability in order to move on to a second-strike capability. This would help stabilise the nuclear deterrence and its credibility."

Franz-Stefan Gady noted in 2015 that "most experts agree is that the delivery vehicle of an ocean-launched Pakistani nuclear warhead would be a submarine-launched variant of the Hatf-7 (Babur) cruise missile. According to a 2013 policy brief on Pakistan’s nuclear weapons program, Pakistan already indicated in 2005, when the missile was first tested, that the system was designed to deploy in submarines." the Washington Post notes, that Western experts, “are divided over whether Pakistan has the ability to shrink warheads enough for use with tactical or sea-launched weapons.” Jeffrey Lewis, a nuclear and nonproliferation scholar is a skeptical: “They may have done so, but I can’t imagine it’s very reliable,” he states.

Michael ­Krepon, co-founder of the Stimson Center, a Washington-based global security think tank, noted that “A cardinal principle of Pakistan’s nuclear program has been, ‘Don’t worry; we separate warheads from launchers.’ Well, that is very hard to do at sea.”

Pakistan conducted a successful test of Babur 2 Cruise Missile, an enhanced version of the indigenously developed Babur Cruise Missile, an Inter Services Public Relations (ISPR) statement said 14 December 2016.

Babur-3 is a sea-based modified of Ground Launched Cruise Missile Babur-2, which was successfully tested earlier in December 2016. The Pakistan Armed Forces conducted on 09 January 2016 the first successful launch of the Babur-3 cruise missile from a submarine in the Indian Ocean. The Babur-3 was said to be able to deliver a wide range of payloads and would provide Islamabad with the capability to respond to a potential nuclear attack against Pakistan. "Pakistan conducted its first successful test fire of Submarine Launched Cruise Missile (SLCM) Babur-3 having a range of 450 kilometers [some 280 miles], from an undisclosed location in the Indian Ocean. The missile was fired from an underwater, mobile platform and hit its target with precise accuracy," the statement from the press service of Pakistan's Armed Forces said. According to the statement, the missile can evade radars and air defense systems and is equipped with several stealth technologies.

On 23 April 2019, Live Weapon Firing was conducted by Pakistan Navy's Fast Attack Craft (Missile), in the North Arabian Sea. The military did not identify the missile, but based on the three-pack launcher and the appearance of the missile itself, this appears to be a sea-launched variant of the Zarb / C-602. The indigenously developed Cruise Missile has anti-ship missile and Land Attack capability. Vice Admiral Kaleem Shaukat, Vice Chief of the Naval Staff witnessed the live firing onboard Pakistan Navy Ship. The missile accurately hit its target on land signifying the capabilities of the indigenous missile System. The successful live weapon firing demonstrated the credible fire power of Pakistan Navy and the level of indigenization in high tech weaponry achieved by Pakistan's defence industry. This is a manifestation of Government's resolve to achieve self reliance in this field.

Speaking on this occasion, Vice Chief of the Naval Staff expressed his utmost satisfaction on the operational readiness of Pakistan Navy Fleet and commended the efforts of all those involved in achieving this significant milestone successfully. He emphasized the need to capitalize on indigenous defence capabilities. Vice Chief of the Naval Staff also reaffirmed the resolve of Pakistan Navy to ensure seaward defence and safeguard national maritime interests at all costs. He also appreciated the efforts made by the Engineers and Researchers in making the project a success.

Harbah Harbah Harbah Harbah Harbah Harbah Harbah

Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list

Page last modified: 25-04-2019 14:21:44 ZULU