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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)


Shaheen-I / Eagle-I / Hatf-IV

The Shaheen 1A Missile is capable of carrying nuclear and conventional warheads to a range of 900 Kms. The missile is an improved version of Shaheen-1 with improvements in range and technical parameters. It is capable of carrying nuclear and conventional warheads.

In July 1997 Pakistan reportedly test-fired an 800 km missile. The Pakistani Government acknowledged that a missile had been tested, but did not identify its range. Indian sources assert the missile was a Chinese M-9. American analysts, however, have concluded that the missile was possibly an improved M-11. Very little information is available on this alleged launch, and considerable confusion extends to the Pakistani nomeclature for this missile.

In early June 1998 a leading Pakistani scientist Dr. Samar Mubarik Mund, director General of the National Development complex, stated that Pakistan was prepared to test fire the medium range Shaheen-I (Eagle) missile capable of carrying nuclear warheads up to 700 kilometers.

The public record does not disclose a consistent basis for application of the "Hatf-3" or "Hatf-4" nomenclature to a specific missile system. On 03 July 1997 Pakistan conducted a missile test that unofficial press reports claimed was an 800-km range Hatf-3 missile [the nomenclature associated with this test was never offially confirmed]. The test followed an uproar in Pakistan over the alleged deployment of 250-kilometre range Prithvi (Earth) missiles by rival India on Pakistan's border. While Indian sources asserted that the missile was a Chinese M-9, US analysts concluded that the missile was most likely an improved M-11. Very little additional information is available on this alleged launch.

The Shaheen-I missile is probably a version of China's M-9 missile, which Islamabad may have acquired in 1991 but had kept under wraps for fear of sanctions. Pakistan is believed to have a capability to deploy a nuclear warhead weighing around 500 kilograms. If its ascribed range/payload curve proves out, the Hatf-4 / Shaheen would have sufficient range from relatively secure positions west of the border with India.

The public debut of the "Shaheen" [a royal white falcon] in Pakistan's missile inventory came with a highly publicized flight test on 15 April 1999, which added to the confusion concerning Pakistan's missile imports from China. The claimed 750 km range of the Shaheen is roughly double the standard range of the Hatf-3/M-11, and is consistent with the range of the much large Chinese M-9. However, the still photos and video released by Pakistan of the "Shaheen" missile are clearly the M-9, not the M-11, and the Shaheen Transporter Erector Launcher [TEL] is clearly a modified version of the M-11 TEL.

Pakistan, locked in a military stand-off with India, said it successfully test-fired a medium-range ballistic missile on 04 October 2002, six days before holding general elections. Hours later, India said it test fired an ''Akash'' medium range surface to air missile. The Pakistan missile was named as a Hatf-IV (Shaheen-1), with a range of about 750 km [380 miles]. The missile was reported to have been test fired from a test range at Somyani coast. Pakistan described the test of its Hatf-IV surface-to-surface missile as routine. Prior notification of the test had been given to neighbors as well as some friendly countries. India said Pakistan's test-firing of medium range surface-to-surface ballistic missile Hatf-IV was a ''further act of irresponsibility'' and a provocation to the international community. ''It is a provocation to the international community because it cannot but see in the timing and action of Pakistan a further act of irresponsibility,'' Foreign Secretary Kanwal Sibal told reporters. ''These are antics pursued by Pakistan. It is well known that these missiles are based on clandestinely imported material, equipment and technology,'' he said adding ''the more they will fire the less they will have''.

On 07 October 2002 Pakistan said it had successfully carried out the second test in less than a week of its medium-range surface-to-surface missile. A government statement said that Tuesday's test was the second in a two-test series. The missile is reportedly capable of carrying both nuclear and conventional weapons up to 800 kilometers. In a statement read on state-run television, President Pervez Musharraf congratulated the scientists who worked on the missile. The military leader is quoted as saying the successful launch of the locally-developed weapons system is the culmination of hard work, and the dedication of Pakistan's leaders.

On 14 October 2003 Pakistan said it conducted the last in a series of three ballistic-missile tests Tuesday, in an effort to beef up its arsenal. The Pakistan military said the test-firing of the medium-range Shaheen-one missile was not meant as a provocative move against India.

On December 8, 2004, Pakistan successfully test-fired the Hatf-IV Shaheen-one missile.

On April 25, 2012 Pakistan today successfully conducted the launch of the intermediate Range Ballistic Missile Hatf IV Shaheen-1A Weapon System. Todayís launch, whose impact point was at sea, was witnessed by Director General Strategic Plans Division Lieutenant General Khalid Ahmed Kidwai (R), Chairman NESCOM Mr Muhammad Irfan Burney, Commander Army Strategic Force Command Lieutenant General Tariq Nadeem Gilani and other senior military officers, scientists and engineers. DG SPD Lieutenant General Khalid Ahmed Kidwai (R) congratulated all scientists and engineers on the successful launch, and the accuracy of the missile in reaching the target. He said that the improved version of Shaheen 1A will further consolidate and strengthen Pakistanís deterrence abilities. He appreciated the efforts of all personnel for their dedication and professionalism.

On April 10, 2013 Pakistan conducted a successful launch of the Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile Hatf IV Shaheen-1 Weapon System. The missile incorporates series of improvements in range and technical parameters of the existing missile. It is capable of carrying nuclear and conventional warheads to a range of 900 Kms.

Todayís launch, whose impact point was at sea, was witnessed by Director General Strategic Plans Division Lieutenant General (Retired) Khalid Ahmed Kidwai, Chairman NESCOM Mr Muhammad Irfan Burney and other senior military officers, scientists and engineers. Director General Strategic Plans Division Lieutenant General (Retired) Khalid Ahmed Kidwai congratulated all scientists and engineers on the successful launch. He said that the improved version of Shaheen 1 has consolidated and strengthened Pakistanís deterrence abilities manifold. He appreciated the efforts of all personnel for their dedication and professionalism.

On November 17, 2014 Pakistan conducted a successful test launch of Intermediate Range Shaheen 1A (Hatf IV) Ballistic Missile. The successful launch was aimed at re-validating various design and technical parameters of the weapon system. The launch, with impact point in Arabian Sea, was witnessed by the Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Muhammad Zakaullah, Director General Strategic Plans Division, Lieutenant General Zubair Mahmood Hayat, Commander Army Strategic Forces Command, Lieutenant General Obaid Ullah Khan,Vice Admiral Zafar Mehmood Abbasi, Commander Pakistan Fleet, Chairman NESCOM, Mr Muhammad Irfan Burney, senior officers from the strategic forces, scientists and engineers of strategic organizations.

Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Muhammad Zakaullah, congratulated the scientists and engineers for their dedication, professionalism and commitment towards achieving Pakistan's Full Spectrum Credible Minimum Deterrence Capability. Shaheen-1A with its highly accurate and indigenously developed guidance system is amongst the most accurate Missile System. He reiterated Pakistanís desire for peaceful co-existence in the region. He appreciated the professional attributes of all concerned towards accomplishment of the sacred mission. He showed his full confidence over the Pakistan Armed Forcesí capability to safeguard security of the Mother Land against any aggression. The successful test launch was also warmly appreciated by the President and Prime Minister of Pakistan who congratulated the participating troops, the scientists and engineers on their outstanding achievement.






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Page last modified: 14-04-2016 19:58:49 ZULU