Fateh-110 / NP-110 / Mushak
The idea of ??building this missile to have a short-range missile and solid fuel was presented by Shahid Tehrani Moghaddam, by combining the capabilities of the Zelazal rocket with the Thunder-69 missile. The earthquake, as a solid fuel rocket with a range of more than 200 km in some of its models and the ability to carry several hundred kilograms of warheads, showed a suitable platform to meet the need for accurate and fast missiles. On the other hand, the Thunder-69 missile, which had a lower range than the Zelzal, but with different guidance systems, had a good accuracy that could be used to control the movement errors to reach the specified coordinates by using control levels to the end of the route. . The presence of these capabilities in the above missile had caused it to be supplied from abroad despite various problems. The range of the first generation Fateh-110 is 200 km, the second generation is 250 km and the third and fourth generations are 300 km . Differences between the third and fourth generation Fateh-110 in issues such as increasing the accuracy of spotting, increasing the life of the missile, reducing deployment time and preparation for firing, reducing the time of pre-launch tests and eliminating the need for short-term periodic maintenance and faster exit of the launcher from the launch site. The different generations of Fateh-110 and the anti-ship model developed by them with the name of Khalij Fars ("Persian Gulf"), as well as the anti-ship and anti-radar radar samples with the names of Hormoz-1 and 2, which all have a range of 300 km, are very similar to Fateh-110 in terms of configuration. According to Iranian sources, the warheads of these missiles in different samples are between 450 and 650 kg, their final speed is 3 Mach for the Khalij Fars missile and up to 5 Mach for other samples and their error is less than 5 meters in the last sample. The head of the Ministry of Defense's Aerospace Industries Organization, Sardar Ahmad Vahid Dastjerdi, said at the time the project was announced that the project was based on advanced advanced composite fuel propulsion technology and that successful testing of ultra-modern guidance and control systems for the missile was a major achievement. He also said that "given the accuracy of the missile's hit on the target, it is safe to say that the Fateh-110A is one of the most accurate surface-to-surface missiles built in the world". According to Jane's, China assisted Iran with the technology to produce the solid-propellant unguided Mushak-120 (also referred to as the Iran-130 or the Nazeat 10), with a range of 130 km and a weight of 500 kg. A longer range version, the Mushak-160 with a range of 160 km, and a weight of 500 kg, was also been produced indigenously. A 200 km range Mushak-200 (also possibly referred to asZelzal) was reported to be in development, presumably with Chinese assistance. These missiles were apparently based on the 150 km range CSS-8 missile (a surface-to-surface derivative of the SA-2 surface-to-air missile) obtained from China.
The Fateh-110 (Victorious-110; also known as the NP-110) is a solid propellant surface to surface missile, with a reported range of about 170 kilometers. The program to develop this missile, which had a reported diameter of about 0.45 meters, apparently began around 1997.
Iran successfully tested its first solid-fueled surface-to-surface missile, state-run Tehran radio reported 31 May 2001. The guided Fateh-110 missile was developed at the government-owned Aerospace Industries, the radio said, adding "Fateh-110, a super-modern surface-to-surface missile, functions with combined solid-fuel, is able to cause great damage and finds targets with accuracy. The missile is classified among Iran's most efficient missiles." The broadcast did not give the missile's range, say when the test took place or provide any further details.
On 6 September 2002 Iran successfully test fired the Fateh-110 A ballistic missile. State-run Tehran television said the Fateh-110 A missile was "one the most accurate surface-to-surface missiles manufactured in the world." No details were given on when or where in Iran the test was conducted nor was the missile's range revealed.
Some reports claimed that the Fateh-110 A missile might have been based on the Chinese DF-11A missile, which had a range of 186 to 248 miles and was capable of carrying nuclear warheads.
A few years after the introduction of the fourth generation in 1389/2010, the next generation was introduced as Fateh-313 in 1394/2015, whose range had increased to 500 km. The missile had minor differences in the shape of the end-to-end stabilizers from previous models. At the time of the unveiling of the Fateh-313, it was announced that in addition to lightening the fuselage, the rocket used an advanced generation of composite solid fuel propellants, as well as newer guidance, control and navigation systems, which tested accuracy in hitting the target.
Iranian observers expect that in the future, anti-ship capability will be implemented with the Khalij Fars [Persian Gulf] missile optical searcher, as well as anti-radar and anti-ship capabilities of Hormoz-1 and 2 missiles in Zulfiqar missile, and witness the development of anti-ship and anti-radar missiles with a range of 750 Km. In this case, aircraft based on aircraft carriers and cruise missiles fired from enemy destroyers must start their mission at least 750 km away from the Iranian border, which means reducing their penetration into the country (assuming it is almost impossible to cross the defenses). Borderline) and other problems leading to their combat and intelligence capabilities.
Khalij Fars ("Persian Gulf") Fateh-110 Mod 3 Anti-Ship Ballistic Missile
The Iranian Fateh-110 Mod 3 has a new “active seeker,” helping the missile locate ships at sea. Janes reports that the Khalij Fars ASBM is a version of the Fateh-110 solid-fuel tactical ballistic missile fitted with an infrared seeker. Successful tests were announced in February 2011 and July 2013, and a US Department of Defense (DoD) report to Congress in 2014 said the system was being delivered to operational units.
Defense Update reported "The missile apparently uses mid-course inertial guidance (INS) and an electro-optical homing seeker to achieve terminal attack precision. Previous versions of the Fateh 110 (also designated M-600 in Syrian use) used a tipped nose, while the current model has a rounded nose presumably housing the guidance kit. As the new version demonstrated in this test, the accuracy of the new missile is far better than the 0.3% of the range, attributed for the earlier model of Fateh 110..."
On 08 February 2011 Iran demonstrated a new type of short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) based on the Fatah 110 platform, capable of hitting targets at a range of up to 250-300 km with high precision. During an operational demonstration the missile was fired at a target vessel floating in the Persian Gulf, scoring a direct hit. Accordingly, the new missile was named ‘Persian Gulf (Khalij Fars).
Iran test-fired a pair of ballistic missiles 08 March 2017. One of Iran’s ballistic missile tests were successful, destroying a floating barge approximately 155 miles away, two U.S. officials with knowledge of the launch told Fox News. The launches of the Fateh-110 short-range ballistic missiles were the first tests of the missile in two years. Iran launched its two short-range ballistic missiles from an IRGC base in Bandar-e-Jask, in southeastern Iran. The first missile was fired on 05 March 2017, but missed its target, though it landed “in the vicinity”. A day later, Iran made another attempt and was successful.
According to MODAFL and Iranian media sources, in a ceremony attended by Iranian Minister of Defense IRGC Brigadier General Dehgan, the IRGC-ASF has accepted mass delivery of Ghadr-H MRBMs and Qiam SRBMs (claimed capable of MRV payloads), as well as Fateh-110-D SRBMs and Khalij Fars ASBMs.
The Fateh Mobin [= Evident Conqueror, or "Bright Conqueror"] appears to be a guidance upgrade for the Fateh family of solid fuelled SRBMs. Iran’s defense ministry unveiled a new ballistic missile dubbed Fateh Mobin on Aug 13, 2018. Iranian state media reported on August 13 that the new Fateh-e Mobin, missile has "successfully passed its tests" and can strike targets on both land and sea. The tactical missile is produced domestically against the backdrop of decades of arms embargo led by the US against the country. Iranian experts say this is the first such missile to have a "seeker" to improve accuracy. Iranian Defence Minister Brigadier General Amir Hatami unveiled the next generation of Fateh Mobin short-range ballistic missile in Tehran. “The Fateh Mobin missile is of the precision kind, very resistant against electronic warfare. It can operate in various, diverse spaces, in any environment,” he said.
"As promised to our dear people, we will not spare any effort to increase the missile capabilities of the country, and we will certainly increase our missile power every day," Defense Minister Amir Hatami said on state media. "Nothing can stop this missile because of its high degree of flexibility," Hatami said, adding that the new version of the Fateh Mobin was "100-percent domestically made...agile, stealth, tactical, [and] precision-guided.... Be sure that the greater the pressures and psychological warfare against the great nation of Iran, our will to enhance our defense power in all fields will increase".
It is a single-stage missile with alleged radar-evading features and terminal homing capabilities allowing it to hit targets on land and at sea. The terminal guidance system is probably Infrared Imaging, which explains the black protective cap on the missile nosecone. An infrared imaging apparatus is an apparatus for carrying out image processing by detection of infrared rays. In many cases, an infrared imaging apparatus is used in light reception equipment. One of most outstanding features of an infrared imaging apparatus is a characteristic that allows such equipment to be designed into small and light one. In general, such light-receiving equipment is referred to as a passive system. On the other hand, a system comprising a set of a transmission apparatus and a reception apparatus is known as an active system. Since an infrared passive system does not radiate an electromagnetic wave by using a transmission apparatus as a radar does, such a system has a characteristic of high concealability. For this reason, such a system has been developed for military purposes and has become the base of development of infrared technologies. At the present time, a number of application products centered at an image processing apparatus are available in the market as consumer products. The reception apparatus of the infrared system comprises a camera head for detecting infrared rays and converting the infrared rays into electrical signals, an A/D converter for converting an analog signal into digital data and an image-processing unit for processing the digital data representing an image in accordance with an application.
Zulfiqar / Zolfaghar
The Iranian military displayed its Zulfiqar missile 16 December 2017, a new variant that marks a major development in the country's missile technology. The Zulfiqar, literally "spine-cleaver," is a medium-range, solid-fuel ballistic missile belonging to the Fateh-110 family that was put on display 16 December 2017 at the Amirkabir University of Technology in Iran, according to the Fars News Agency. The missile's name is the name of the Prophet Muhammad's sword, also used by his son-in-law Ali, the first imam to the Shiites. It became a major symbol of his family. After his death, it ultimately passed into the hands of the Abbasid caliphs. It was the only sword of that time which had double edges. It is sometimes spelled Zolfaghar. According to the Islamic tradition, the sword called Zulfikar belonged to Ali, the first Caliph after the death of Muhammed. Zulfikar is one of the oldest symbols in the Islam and according to Shiites its existance goes back to Adam, who carried it out of Eden down to the Earth. The tradition says that the sword once belonged to Muhammed too, who gave it to Ali before his death.
The missile had a range of 700 to 750 km and was equipped with a 450 kg warhead. The display of images of the production models of this missile on October 25, 2016 showed that Zulfiqar had completed the test stages quietly and is ready to be delivered to the IRGC Air Force. Comparing the images of the Fateh-110 missile of the fourth generation, as well as the samples fired during the exercises of the Great Prophet with the Zulfiqar missile, there was a relative increase in the length and diameter of the new missile. According to the Fars News Agency, which shows the 68 cm diameter of Zulfiqar, there is about 11% increase in diameter compared to Fateh-110, which had a diameter of 61.6 cm.
Based on the platform and the accuracy of the location of the missile's guidance bullets relative to the launch pad, there was an increase in the length of the new missile in the propulsion area and before the guidance and control block. This increase in length can be estimated at about half a meter. Therefore, taking into account these numbers, in total, there is an increase of more than 32,500 cubic centimeters in the volume of Zulfiqar missiles compared to Fateh-110, which has been spent on increasing the volume of missile fuel.
In addition, there is a difference in the arrangement of the guidance components along the length of the missile. In fact, in the Zulfiqar missile, the control blocks have been transferred to the rear of the guidance, control and navigation block. Also, the fins of this missile have a slight difference in their design with the fins, so that the tip is cut, creating a trapezoidal design instead of a triangular design.
Another very important point is the modification of the nose of Zulfikar relative to previous Fateh missiles. By referring to reputable scientific sources in the field of missile knowledge, this shape is used when the missile speed is hypersonic (above 5 times the speed of sound) and to reduce the heat generated at these speeds, a solution to increase the curvature of the tip of the nose is used to transfer less heat to the missile. In addition to the use of this design, ablative materials that are destroyed by heat to keep the lower part intact are also used, as evidenced by the images of the Zulfiqar missile.
An important new capability of Zulfiqar missile compared to other short to medium range systems is the separation of the warhead of this missile. In fact, Zulfiqar is similar to medium- and long-range ballistic missiles in this respect. This reduces the negative effects of connecting the fuselage to the warhead in the final phase of the attack on the missile range, reducing the possibility of tracking and reducing the likelihood of enemy defense missiles hitting the Zulfiqar warhead. The error of Zulfiqar missile in a video clip part of the radio and television is less than 10 meters, which allows Zulfiqar missile to attack various types of targets, including buildings, sensitive possibility, radars, etc.
The missile is reported to have a range of more than 700 kilometers, according to IHS Jane's, and to be accurate within 50 to 70 meters of its intended strike location, according to the Iranian news outlet. Previous generations of Fateh missiles have only traveled 500 kilometers. According to the Center for Strategic and International Studies' Missile Defense Project, the Zolfaghar packs a highly explosive warhead as well as submunitions that separate from the missile prior to impact. Cluster munitions also make use of submunitions.
After the terrorist attack on the shrine of Imam Rahel and the Islamic Consultative Assembly in June 2017, the IRGC Air Force, which uses Zulfiqar missiles, launched a successful and powerful missile attack on 28 June 2017. Against ISIL positions in the Syrian city of Deir ez-Zor. In this lightning attack, 6 Zulfiqar missiles were used, all of which hit the pre-determined targets, ie the buildings where the ISIL forces were gathering, with the utmost precision. Iranian media showed videos of the missiles launching as well as aerial footage of the projectiles striking targets. The aerial view was reported to have been collected by IRGC drones operating out of Damascus.
The high accuracy of the Iranian missiles in the field of operation and the service of the new Zulfiqar missile were proved at once. The missiles were fired from two western regions of the country and covered distances of 600 to about 700 kilometers. Images of the missiles being hit live by IRGC drones were taken to command centers in the country, and were made available to the public after the operation was announced. The missiles were fired just minutes after the IRGC's Quds Force infiltrators confirmed the presence of some ISIL leaders in the buildings, as well as the gathering of these forces, and targeted them when they could be estimated at less than 10 minutes. According to reports, more than 170 ISIS terrorists, including several key members of the group, were killed in the operation, dubbed Operation Laylat al-Qadr.
Launched from IRGC-AF Sukhoi Su-22M4 Fitter K in May 2020, by its silhouette with the estimated length and diameter, the "Fajer 4" [Dawn] may be a variant of the Fateh-110 with capability of launching by air. The missile is not a bomb, it's an inert model being drop-tested. It was dropped is a BDU-33 training munition to avoid heavily asymmetric loadout that might make the aircraft unsafe to handle. This was done with GBU-28-armed F-111s when a dumb bomb was carried on the opposite station as a balancing weight.
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