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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

Karaj / Karai / Hashtgerd
Nuclear Research Centre for Agriculture and Medicine

In 1976, a site of approximately 104 hectares was allocated by Atomic Energy Organization of Iran to the Nuclear Research Centre for Agriculture and Medicine (NRCAM) at Karaj. Construction of the site began in 1986 and the buildings for the Nuclear Agriculture Research (NAR), Secondary Standard Dosimetry Laboratory (SSDL) and Ion Beam Application (IBA) were completed and became operational in 1991.

The installation of a 30 MeV cyclotron and its affiliated laboratories were completed in 1995. This was hailed as the crowning achievement of the NRCAM. Various radioisotopes such as Ga-67, Ti-201, Kr-81m, FDG-81, for diagnostic purposes in the field of medicine were produced in the cyclotron and distributed to hospitals throughout the country. Iodine-123 and Palladium-103 were also expected to be produced. The Cyclotron Accelerator Department's production capacity was said to be in excess of domestic demand in Iran, and authorities were exploring the possibility of exporting radioisotopes.

The NRCAM had an Ion Beam Department, split into two sub-departments: the Surface Engineering Group and the Isotope Separation Group. The Surface Engineering Group investigated various surface analysis techniques including ion implantation, ion assisted beam deposition, ion coating, thermal vapor coating, DC magnetron sputtering, DC unbalanced magnetron sputtering, Sol-Gel, electro deposition, and chemical bath deposition. The Isotope Seperation Group was tasked with using electromagnetic separators to produce pure radioisotopes.

The NRCAM also has Departments for research using nuclear technology and radioisotopes in agriculture, electronics, metallurgy and medicine.

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