Ahmadabad Chemical Suspect Site
Ahmad Abad City, Yazd Province, Iran
Ahmadabad is a city in the Central District of Ardakan County, Yazd Province, Iran. Ahmadabad is 23 degrees 35 minutes north latitude and 54 degrees 15 minutes east longitude 65 kilometers to Yazd city and 5 kilometers northwest of Ardakan. According to the statistics of the General Statistics and Information Office of Yazd, the population of Ahmadabad is 6046. The municipality of Ahmadabad was established in 1375 AH and is currently operating at the 4th degree.
In terms of antiquity, Ahmadabad was built by Sheikh Ahmad Yazdi "deceased 635" AH, the proprietor of the useful and other historical texts of Yazd considered the building of Ahmadabad to be al-Muzaffar era and one of the sites of Amir Mubarzeddin Muhammad and his children. It was built in the middle of the eighth century. Zoroastrian historical texts also say that several Zoroastrian families lived in Ahmadabad and even built a shrine called Mehr. But over time, the Zoroastrians of Ahmadabad moved to Sharifabad, and Ahmadabad's fiery stone and seal were also transferred to Sharifabad.
The Ahmadabad people have a good innate talent, and in recent centuries great scientific scholars such as: Ayatollah Mohaqiq Damad, Ayatollah Fakoor, Ayatollah Wazir and Ayatollah Khatam have emerged. The main product of this city is pistachio and renas. Pistachio, with varieties such as Haj Abdollahi, Birdie, Haj Agha Ali, Jalil Aghaei and Largi have special credit in the country and also the most important handicrafts of this city are Ahmedabad carpet weaving.
Ahmad Abad mine, is located 60 kilometers northeast of Bafq and 5 kilometers west of Ahmad Abad village. It opened in 1974 and operated eight tunnels for lead-zinc ores. Notable wulfenite crystals were recorded from the mining district by Bariand (1963, p. 55). No further evidence of specimens is found until 2002, when a team of the Geological Survey of Tehran reported the rediscovery of wulfenite in the Ahmad Abad mine workings.
Located in southeast Iran, Yazd province, is one of the most ancient and historic parts of the country and a center of Zoroastrianism in Iran. Having more than 4000 historical monuments and maintaining its traditional architectural style, city of Yazd, capital of Yazd province, has largely retained its ancient earthen texture which was registered in the list of Iran's National Heritage Sites in 2006. Amidst the immense surrounding desert, Yazd retains elements of its old religion, traditions, and architecture, which is recognized by UNESCO for its architectural heritage. In 2004, Iran's parliament allocated funds to help restore historical sites in Yazd in order to prepare the ground for its world registration by UNESCO.
Ahmadabad in Yazd Province Iran should not be confused with the Indian city of Ahmedabad. In its 41st session on 12 July 2017, the World Heritage Committee inscribed 21 new sites in its UNESCO world heritage list which features the Indian city of Ahmedabad. Founded by Sultan Ahmad Shah in the 15th century, the ancient walled city of Ahmadabad has been marked as a UNESCO world heritage spot. The city showcases the rich architecture of the sultanate era that can be perfectly captured by the Bhadra citadel.
Urban sprawl has become a remarkable characteristic of urban development worldwide in the last decades. However, trajectories and rhythms of sprawl may vary in important ways according to specific geographical and historical characteristics, and these differences need to be contrasted with specific case studies especially for the booming urbanization of the Global South.
From 1975 to 2009, the urbanized area increased from 1843 ha to 13,802 ha; that is a rate close to three times the population growth observed for the same period. The Yazd case is interesting for several reasons: first, it is a case of very fast urban growth even for a developing country; second, it illustrates how the fastest rates of urban sprawl may correspond to middle size cities rather than large centers. Third, it portrays a land substitution process in which agricultural land is not the primary provider of urban land which is relatively rare in urban contexts, and fourth, it also illustrate how sprawl may also hide important internal land uses such as the presence of agricultural plots within urban boundaries.
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