Delhi, the capital of India, is one of the most densely populated localities in the world. The total land area of Delhi is about 1,483 km2. Delhi is the third largest city in India, surpassed in population only by Calcutta and Bombay.
Delhi is divided into two parts. The old Delhi or Delhi was one of the capitals of Muslim India between the 12th and 19th centuries. Old forts, mosques and monuments related to India's Muslim history are located here. New Delhi is the imperial city which was created as the capital by the British. It is spread over a wide area and is lined with imposing boulevards.
The ancient and the modern times are in juxtaposition here, not only in the remains of a succession of empires, but equally in present social structure and lifestyles. The name Delhi, Dehali, or Dilli is derived from Dhillika, the name of the first medieval township of Delhi, located on the southwestern border of the present Delhi, in Mehrauli. This was the first in the series of seven medieval cities. While New Delhi was built in 1911, the history of this center of power dates to the first millennium BC. In April 1639, the mughal emperor Shah Jahan laid the foundation of Shahjahanabad, Delhi's seventh city. One of India's fastest growing cities, Delhi has spread far beyond the "seven cities" created between the 13th and the 17th centuries.
In September 2003 the Hindustan Times reported that the Indian government has decided to build two nuclear-proof bunkers to protect top leaders in case of an atomic strike. The first shelter would be built in central New Delhi at South Block, a 1931 complex next to the presidential palace that houses the prime minister's office and the foreign and defence ministries. It said the second bunker would be set up within a 400-kilometre (250-mile) radius of the capital. Potential locations in the northern states of Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan and in the central province of Madhya Pradesh were being studied by the head of the air force, Air Chief Marshal S. Krishnaswamy, and the chief of the nuclear forces, Air Marshal Teja Mohan Asthana,
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|