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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)


Tracking Number:  254279

Title:  "Controls Needed on Exports to Iran." The US urges all countries to refrain from exporting destabilizing weapons to Iran. The US also calls for strengthening controls on the export of goods and technology that can be used to develop weapons of mass destruction. (921119)

Translated Title:  Necesarios controles sobre exportaciones a Iran. (921119)
Date:  19921119

Text:
CONTROLS NEEDED ON EXPORTS TO IRAN

(VOA Editorial) (390) (Following is an editorial, broadcast by the Voice of America November 19, reflecting the views of the U.S. government.)

For more than a dozen years, the regime ruling Iran has been a major abuser of human rights. The Iranian regime is a supporter of international terrorism and a potential threat to peace and stability in the Middle East. The Iranian regime is also attempting to acquire weapons of mass destruction. For these reasons, the U.S. government has long placed strict controls on the export to Iran of any goods or technology that could have military uses.

Despite such restrictions, Iran has continued to import goods and technology from other countries that have enabled it to conduct a significant military buildup. This buildup has included the purchase of advanced warplanes and anti-aircraft missiles from Russia and China, and extended-range Scud missiles from North Korea. Recently, Iran arranged to buy three Kilo-class submarines from Russia, and the first has reportedly sailed into the Persian Gulf.

In addition to direct weapons purchases, Iran has also sought to obtain goods and technology that it can use to develop weapons of mass destruction. The United States is particularly concerned about the Iranian purchase of technology that could help in the development of nuclear, chemical or biological weapons, as well as ballistic missiles. In order to protect against Iranian development of weapons of mass destruction, the United States has been trying to convince leading exporting countries to adopt a strengthened policy. In recent months, the United States has had discussions with several of these countries regarding "dual-use" items -- goods and technology that have both civilian and military applications. The discussions are continuing this month.

U.S. export controls on Iran are more extensive than those of any other industrialized nation, and recently enacted legislation has made them even tighter. But as U.S. officials have pointed out, international cooperation is required to prevent the spread of weapons to countries such as Iran that support terrorism or otherwise threaten peace and international stability. The United States urges all countries to refrain from exporting destabilizing weapons to Iran. The United States also calls for strengthening controls on the export of goods and technology that can be used to develop weapons of mass destruction.

NNNN


File Identification:  11/19/92, TXT401; 11/19/92, AEF412; 11/19/92, PFS451; 11/19/92, EFS452; 11/19/92, LEF406; 11/19/92, NEA411; 11/20/92, NAA505; 11/23/92, LSI111
Product Name:  Wireless File; VOA Editorials
Product Code:  WF; VO
Languages:  Arabic; Spanish
Keywords:  IRAN-US RELATIONS; IRAN/Defense & Military; MILITARY TECHNOLOGY; MILITARY CAPABILITIES; NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION; ARMS TRANSFERS; EXPORT CONTROLS; TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER; HUMAN RIGHTS; TERRORISM
Document Type:  EDI
Thematic Codes:  2TE; 2HA; 1AC; 1NE
Target Areas:  AF; AR; EA; EU; NE
PDQ Text Link:   254279; 254904
USIA Notes:  *92111901.TXT



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