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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)


Tracking Number:  252949

Title:  "US Seeks to Tighten Export Controls on Iran." The US is seeking allied cooperation in limiting the sale to Iran of so-called "dual-use" technologies, which can be used for both civilian and military purposes. (921110)

Translated Title:  Estados Unidos busca mas control exportaciones a Iran. (921110)
Author:  SCHERR, ED (USIA STAFF WRITER)
Date:   19921110

Text:
U.S. SEEKS TO TIGHTEN EXPORT CONTROLS ON IRAN

(Says Iran remains potential military threat) (580) By Edmund F. Scherr USIA Diplomatic Correspondent Washington -- The United States is seeking allied cooperation in limiting the sale to Iran of so-called "dual use" technologies, which can be used for both civilian and military purposes.

State Department spokesman Richard Boucher emphasized November 10 that "clearly" Iran is a "potential threat to peace and stability" in the Middle East and that sales which enhance its military capability, particularly in non-conventional weapons, are "viewed with a lot of concern."

"We're talking to other governments who might be potential exporters" of technology that could improve Iran's military capabilities and "that might prove destabilizing to the region," he said. He observed that many international regimes already exist to control missile, nuclear and chemical weapons proliferation.

A State Department official said that Japan and Western European allies have irregular informal meetings on harmonizing their export-control regimes. The first of these meetings to focus on Iran took place in October, the official said, achieving a consensus that the exports were a concern. The next Iran meeting is likely to be held in November or December.

The Washington Post asserted in a November 10 report that advanced Western technologies are pouring into Iran this year as European, Asian and U.S. companies "rush to profit" from Tehran's attempt to modernize Iran's economy and military, shattered during its war with Iraq.

According to the article, most of the technology being transferred to Iran is categorized as militarily useful or so-called "dual use" items by the U.S. government.

Boucher responded that U.S. export controls on Iran are the "most extensive and the tightest in the world. We control dual-use items for a variety of security and foreign policy reasons."

He pointed out that the U.S. government denies all license applications for goods and technologies used for:

-- missile proliferation purposes; chemical and biological warfare proliferation purposes; human rights and crime control purposes; regional stability purposes, and items controlled by the nuclear suppliers group.

The United States also controls, under its enhanced proliferation control initiative regulations, "any commodity to suspected end users that might engage in proliferation," Boucher continued. "We deny such exports when it's determined that the export would make a material contribution to Iran's chemical, biological weapons or missile programs."

Because Iran has been determined by the secretary of state to be a terrorist-supporting nation, the United States also controls a broad range of additional dual-use and other commodities to Iran that are not otherwise controlled by the foregoing controls, he said.

"We deny license applications for such exports when it is determined that they could make a significant contribution to Iran's military potential or could enhance Iran's ability to support acts of international terrorism," he emphasized.

At the Pentagon, spokesman Pete Williams told reporters that "very little" dual-use equipment is coming out of the United States bound for Iran.

Williams also noted that the United States "has very tight export rules with respect to Iran and they just got tighter" under provisions of the 1993 Defense Authorization Act.

Williams expressed U.S. concern about "the proliferation of weapons worldwide," and, specifically, about proliferation in the Middle East. "We are hoping," he said, "that our allies will not assist any nation in that region from unnecessarily building up its military and becoming a threat to its neighbors."

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File Identification:  11/10/92, POL204; 11/10/92, EPF208; 11/10/92, EUR205; 11/10/92, NEA209; 11/12/92, AEF406; 11/12/92, LEF402; 11/12/92, LSI406; 11/12/92, NAA406
Product Name:  Wireless File
Product Code:  WF
Languages:  Spanish; Arabic
Keywords:  DUAL-USE TECHNOLOGY; IRAN-US RELATIONS; IRAN/Defense & Military; MILITARY TECHNOLOGY; ARMS TRANSFERS; EXPORT CONTROLS; TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER
Thematic Codes:  2FP; 1AC; 1NE
Target Areas:  AF; EA; EU; NE; AR
PDQ Text Link:  252949; 253203
USIA Notes:  *92111004.POL



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