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Belarus Calm As Voting Proceeds

By Valentinas Mite

PRAGUE, March 19, 2006 (RFE/RL) -- Belarusians are voting today in presidential elections amid allegations by the opposition the ballot will be rigged.

Lukashenka, who has ruled Belarus for 12 years and is seeking a third term, says anyone who tries to seize power through protests will have his neck broken like a "duckling."

However, observers say the capital, Minsk, is calm today.

The candidates include Lukashenka, main opposition leader Alyaksandr Milinkevich, Liberal Democratic leader Syarhey Haydukevich, and Social Democratic leader Alyaksandr Kazulin.

Milinkevich on March 18 called for a street demonstration after the polls close, but the authorities have warned they will crush any attempt to stage a popular revolt.

A Soviet-Style Vote

Valery Karbalevich is an analyst with the Minsk-based Strategy Center for Political Analysis. He says the election is well organized and resembles a Soviet-era vote.

"Technically, the election is well organized," Karbalevich said. "People come, fill in the ballots, and vote. It surprises foreign observers. They say that they visited several polling stations and everything looks just fine; nobody is forced [to vote.] But in the Soviet Union everything also looked just fine [during elections.]"

High Turnout Expected

Turnout is brisk, according to the Central Election Commission, at just under 40 percent of registered voters after three hours. The results are valid once turnout reaches 50 percent.

Karbalevich says he believes it is not the voting process that matters, but how the votes are counted. He says the main events are likely to happen later this evening, when the opposition is expected to rally on the streets

Syarhey Vozniak, a spokesman for Milinkevich, says the authorities are already making preparations for this evening.

Authorities, Opposition Preparing For Demonstrations

"According to the information we have, they -- power structures -- will start blocking the center of the city in the afternoon," Vozniak said.

On March 18, Milinkevich urged supporters to gather in the streets after the polls close.

"Presidents are not elected on the streets, but we come out onto the streets to say 'no' to falsification, 'no' to lies," Milinkevich said. "We want to live in dignity. We are human beings."

Vozniak says tonight's rally is not planned as a protest demonstration. He says the people are being called to gather to hear the results.

"There, we will listen to the official results of the vote," Vozniak said. "According to our point of view, these results will be falsified."

He says the opposition wants a peaceful rally, but if violence erupts, he says it will be the authorities who are to blame.

The KGB security service says protesters could be charged with "terrorism."

On March 18, EU foreign policy chief Javier Solana said any violence against peaceful protests "would meet with a strong international reaction."

Copyright (c) 2006. RFE/RL, Inc. Reprinted with the permission of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 1201 Connecticut Ave., N.W. Washington DC 20036.

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