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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)


SSBN 741 Maine

USS MAINE development was based on extensive considerations of all aspects of survivability and capabilities required in a sea based deterrent platform designed for operations through the next century.

USS MAINE incorporates the new, more quiet machinery that cannot be installed in other fleet ballistic missile submarines because of space and weight constraints. It has an advanced sonar system, comparable to that developed for the United States Navy's newest attack submarines. This sonar suite is capable of providing long-range detection and a more effective capabilities for tracking other ships or submarines.

Key features of USS MAINE include: improved maintainability, reliability, and availability resulting from modular replacement concepts of major equipment, improved design and incorporation of integrated logistics support.

USS MAINE has additional growth potential to accommodate future technology as it becomes available, both in ship systems and in larger missiles. High patrol speeds will greatly increase ocean operating area, providing the ability to avoid potential enemies, thus enhancing survivability.

Shield and Crest

The shield outline for the crest is of French origin and represents the French contribution to the state's heritage.

The deep blue and gold colors are traditionally associated with the U.S. Navy and symbolize the sea and excellence. The gold also represents vigilance, which is the Trident submarine mission. The red represents the courage and conviction of the Trident Submarine crew. The green and light blue represent the serene wilderness and coastal environment indigenous to Maine and the peace that the Trident submarine guarantees.

The total of 23 stars identify Maine as the 23rd state in the Union. The large star at top center replicates the North Star from the Maine State Seal and represents USS MAINE (SSBN 741). The two intermediate-sized stars and the dates represent the commissioning of the two previous United States warships named for the state.

The focus of the crest is on a Trident submarine headed out to sea at daybreak to begin her mission of solitary patrol.

The lighthouse illustrates Maine's coastline and tradition of maritime vigilance. The 16 beams of light from the lighthouse represent the 16 counties in the State of Maine and symbolize USS MAINE's place as the sixteenth Trident submarine.

The farmer with his scythe and the sailor with an anchor represent tools of the land and sea and are drawn from the Maine State Seal. The pine boughs crossed on the trident and the pine tree ridge further reflect the state's natural wilderness resources.

The trident is the traditional symbol of sea power. It further represents the formidable weapon system the ship carries. The trident's bottom spike pierces the motto, anchoring it, and points towards the ocean depths where the ship patrols.

The ship's motto shield supports the entire crest. In the motto, "PEACE" is set off and embraced by the "LEADERSHIP" and "VIGILANCE" that make it possible. "LEADERSHIP" also has a direct tie to the state motto "DIRIGO - I LEAD."

The First Maine

The first MAINE was a second class battleship launched on 13 November 1890 and commissioned 17 September 1895. This vessel started the tradition of namesake visits when it was moored in Portland from 25 through 29 November of that year. From 1895 through 1897 the MAINE operated out of Hampton Roads, New York, and Key West, conducting various fleet maneuvers and training.

Due to increased tensions in Cuba, the MAINE was ordered to Havana Harbor to show the flag, arriving on 25 January 1898. At 2140 on 15 February 1898, an appalling explosion blew up the MAINE and precipitated the Spanish-American War. Two officers and 250 men were killed outright and eight others died of injuries. The tragedy made"Remember the MAINE" a part of American history.

The MAINE was raised on 2 February 1912, towed to the Gulf of Mexico, and sunk with appropriate Naval honors on 16 March 1912. One mast from the MAINE, inscribed with the names of the ship's dead, is located in Arlington National Cemetery; the other is located at the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland.

BB 10

The second MAINE (BB-10) was a battleship launched on 27 July 1901 and commissioned 29 December 1902. During 1904 it deployed to the Mediterranean visiting Greece, Austria, and Hungary. In 1907 it joined the Great White Fleet as a part of the Third Division, but was later relieved by the USS NEBRASKA before departing San Francisco on 8 June 1908 for a world cruise in advance of the Great White Fleet with the USS ALABAMA. MAINE transited the Suez Canal in September and returned to Portsmouth, New Hampshire on 19 October 1908.

The second MAINE's first decommissioning was on 31 August 1909. It was recommissioned on 15 June 1911 and operated for both active and reserve fleets, training reservists during the war and Naval Academy Midshipman in 1919. the MAINE's second and final decommissioning was 5 May 1920.




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