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Uruguay Air Force - History

Uruguay Map It is a fundamental mission of the Air Force, on behalf of the State and for the benefit of all its citizens, to exercise the sovereignty of the National Air Space. To this end it executes the tasks of control of the air space and provides security to the air operations.

The airspace, according to the recognized juridical doctrine, is that which surrounds the Earth and extends on it as much on the mainland as on the aquatic spaces. Our State exercises full and exclusive sovereignty over the air space located above it, both on land and on the territorial sea. Its upper limit would be given to an altitude of between 80 to 100 km, since it is there where the atmosphere becomes very tenuous and does not allow the sustentation of the aircraft. The air space is part of the territory of Uruguay, it is accessory to the terrestrial surface so that it follows the fate of this one. The air, the gaseous and movable mass, not susceptible of appropriation nor delimitation, is the content of the airspace.

Based on these concepts, the existence of a "vertical Uruguay", which generates wealth, must be preserved every day, since it is the property of all Uruguayans, the State controls it through the Uruguayan Air Force, which exercises it in this Institution, in its role of special police, that ensures compliance with the National Law in all its confines, in order to ensure the basic rights of all our compatriots on the surface.

It should be noted that, unlike what happens with the sovereignty over the national territory that is acquired because of the very existence of the State, for airspace there is a need to exercise it by means of the control tasks to possess it.

Parallel to the national sovereign airspace, there is an airspace over which the International Civil Aviation Organization recognizes its responsibility and responsibility for the purposes of air traffic control and search and rescue services, which is the airspace over the Atlantic Ocean To the 10 meridian, to 4,200 kilometers of our capital, including the air space on our Exclusive Economic Zone, so that the control of this air space grants the Uruguayans the capacity to exploit and protect their natural resources.

For the purposes of the Uruguay Vertical Airspace Monitoring and Control, the Uruguayan Air Force has designed the "Airspace Monitoring and Control System", which has been implemented in phases and subject to different national budgets in one Continuous process of optimization in the following, in order to improve its effectiveness and efficiency.

The "Air Space Monitoring and Control System" integrates several components:

  1. First, a Detection System composed mainly of radar sensors that allow to warn the existence of an aircraft in the sovereign air space or of responsibility.
  2. Then, an Air Operations Center, which based on the detection of that aircraft is able to discern by its identification or not, its position and actions, whether it is subject to the rules or is in violation of they. Once resolved this question make the decision of what actions to take against this unidentified aircraft or in violation.
  3. Third, a Communications System that allows the liaison with air agents, other agencies and agencies in order to obtain identification and once a decision has been taken by the responsible Authority, communicate it to the elements designated to execute it and control said execution.
  4. Finally, the executive components necessary to exercise control over that Airspace, which are two according to the control measures are carried out in the air or on land. The National Air Force, when these control measures are executed on land when the aircraft lands and operates in the National Air Infrastructure. Aircraft Interceptor, when air control measures are performed, either for identification or enforce compliance.

Of these five components, only the interceptor aircraft remain to be incorporated, since at the moment these control measures are being carried out with the current combat aircraft of the Force that lack radar on board, which greatly reduces their effectiveness, limiting their operations. In ideal conditions of visibility, meteorology and permanent radar contact from ground.

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Page last modified: 25-05-2017 13:59:54 ZULU