BTR-4 Grom - Service / Customers
The average value of the BTR-4 on the contract 2009 for the supply of 420 armored personnel carriers to Iraq amounted to about $ 1.1 million per unit. The National Guard of Ukraine on March 23-24, 2014 had a total of 10 BTR-4 transferred to the National Guard of Ukraine. In the near future it was expected to pass 58 more vehicles. The average value of the BTR-4 on the contract 2012 for the supply of 100 armored personnel carriers kits in Kazakhstan amounts to $ 1.5 million per unit.
Indonesia ordered 5 BTR-4 for the Marine Corps in 2013. It was originally planned to buy 55 BTR-4 to replace obsolete BTR-50 , but due to the political crisis in Ukraine, it was decided to abandon the purchase of 50 armored personnel carriers.
Transparency International in its Corruption Perception Index (CPI) ranks Iraq in a tie for 4th-to-last place. Iraq's economy remains primarily cash-based. Ukraine was rated 134 (out of 178) on Transparency International’s 2010 Corruption Perceptions index (down from 99th place in 2006). Public corruption pervades all levels of these governments. Corruption in all areas remains a significant problem. Corruption is a cancer that corrodes the rule of law, undermines economic development, and eats away at the fabric of civil society.
The Ukrainian defense industry received another serious blow to its already ailing public image when less than half of the BTR-4 armored personnel carriers supplied to Iraq turned out to be able to move, let alone be deployed in combat operations.
Dmytro Salamatin, a Kazakhstan-born Ukrainian, was an MP representing the Party of Regions (President Viktor Yanukovych's party). He had no past connection to the arms trade. Salamatin was appointed in 2010 to be head of Ukrspetsexport. His tenure as chairman of Ukroboronprom was marred by a scandal around disruption in the supplies of armored vehicles to Iraq under the contract worth 457m dollars signed in 2009.
In 2009 Ukraine signed a $457.5 million contract with Iraq to supply 420 BTR-4 armored personnel carriers to Baghdad. In December 2009 Iraq's order for 420 machines (270 BTR-4 with a fighting unit "Sail", 80 command vehicles BTR-4K, 30 command and staff vehicles BTR-4KSH, 30 armored medical vehicle BSEM-4K and 10 armored BREM-4 recovery vehicles) worth a total of $ 457.5 million became known.
The first batch of 26 vehicles passed the acceptance in March 2011 (the party because of problems with the instruments was delayed) and on 20 April 2011 was sent to Iraq. In April 2012 the second batch of armored vehicles in the amount of 62 units has been made. The Armed Forces of Ukraine on July 24 2012 the BTR-4E equipment for delivery into the armed forces of Iraq. On 12 September 2012 came the second batch shipment of BTR-4 (62 pieces) for sea transport in Iraq. On 7 February 2013 the Iraqi side signed the act of receiving the next batch of 40 BTR-4.
Iraq had 88 BTR-4, as of 2013. On 28 February 2013 the representative of the Commission on Security and Defence of the Parliament of Iraq Siobhan Mohammed Taha accused the Ukrainian side of disrupting the timing of deliveries and poor quality products: since the ratification of the contract delivered about 100 vehicles instead of the 420, and themselves BTR "very old shell rusty machines unsuitable for use."
In December 2013, almost 80% of the BTR-4 could not be operated due to poor technical condition. On 12 April 2014 Ukraine began shipping 42 machines rejected by the Iraqi contract (29 BTR-4E, 5 BTR-4K 6 PMM-4C and 2 BTR-4KSH). The Prosecutor General's Office (in deep secrecy) opened criminal proceedings on the fact of damage to state officials of the state enterprise "Specialized foreign trade company" Progress.
On 3 January 2014, the Iraqi side of the party returned to Ukraine 42 BTR-4, citing the presence of cracks in the armored personnel carriers hulls. In 2014 it became apparent that one does not need a weapon to crack BTR-4 armor as it became apparent that the APCs shipped to Iraq already featured clearly visible cracks in their hulls. Needless to say, this discovery prompted Baghdad to return 42 of the defective armored vehicles to the supplier.
In May 2017 Ukrainian newspaper Zerkalo Nedeli (Mirror Weekly) managed to obtain a letter sent in 2014 to Kiev's state-owned defense corporation Ukroboronprom, which detailed the full extent of the defects in the APCs shipped to Iraq, which were documented by a team of experts from Kharkiv Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau (KMDB) – the company that designed the BTR-4.
The letter sent to "Ukrboronprom" by the former head of the company "Ukrspetsexport" department Anna Kovalenko on July 28, 2014 summarized the results of the visit in July 2014 in Iraq Inspection Unit SOE "Kharkiv Machine Building Design Bureau to them. A. Morozov" (GP KMDB) aimed for checking the quality of products delivered by the Iraqi Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.
According to the newspaper, out of 88 BTR-4 armored vehicles shipped to Iraq and examined by KMDB experts, only 56 had working engines, though 33 of them actually required the aid of mobile repair stations to start their engines. Furthermore, only 34 of these vehicles turned out to be mobile, and ten APCs either had a malfunctioning starter or were missing that part altogether.
In addition, inspectors found defects recorded in the 4 and 8 of the panoramic sight devices of the fire control system. Faults were found 6 mounted on armored personnel carriers guns, 8 guns and 11 automatic grenade launcher. "Battery of all products withdrawn from the system and need to be replaced on the Iraqi side committed more independently purchased and installed in the BTR-4 battery production ... representatives of KMDB conducted photographic images and documentation of cracks in the armored corps." - quoted by Mendeleev text document.
The delivery of 5 units of armored personnel carriers BTR 4-M – manufactured by the UOP SE "Kharkiv Morozov Machne-Building Design Bureau" – was held in the framework of the contract, signed in 2014 between the SE SFTE “SpetsTechnoEksport” and the Ministry of Defense of Indonesia. Before accepting the vehicles into service, the Indonesian Ministry of Defense tested Ukrainian armored personnel carriers on its territory. According to the results of the tests, the Protocol on the conduct of functional tests was signed. The Indonesian Defense Ministry’s special commission confirmed that Ukrainian armored personnel carriers meet customer requirements for all 47 valuation parameters.
In January 2017, 5 units of armored personnel carriers BTR-4 M were successfully delivered to the Marine Corps Indonesia according to the contract signed in early 2014 between SFTE "SpetsTehnoEksport" and the Ministry of Defense of Indonesia. Testing of the military equipment in Ukraine and Indonesia by a special commission of the Customer took place prior to military equipment transfer.
Thus, in January 2017 Indonesia Ministry of Defense tested Ukrainian armored vehicles on their territory prior to accepting those into service. The Customer tested amphibious capabilities of the vehicles in the sea, conducted fire tests, checked their driving performance. According to test results the Protocol was signed. Ukrainian armored vehicles showed excellent results in accordance with all 47 evaluation parameters of this Protocol. Special commission of the Indonesian Defense Ministry had no complaints concerning the vehicles.
Similar tests were conducted in Ukraine before sending military equipment to Indonesia. On 06.15.2016 – according to the results of BTR-4M tests – representatives of the Ministry of Defense of Indonesia confirmed with the official document that the Ukrainian vehicles meet all the requirements of the international contract, and that there are no comments/complaints about the armored vehicles.
Every success of Ukrainian defense industry is attacked by agressor’s propaganda machine, which continues to spread false statements on Ukraine’s dependence on Russia. Information in the media about the possibility of Indonesian Marine Corps refusal to buy Ukrainian BTR-4M is the demonstration of competitive struggle for markets after the successful delivery of the first batch of Ukrainian BTR-4M in Indonesia. UKROBORONPROM enterprises continued to fulfill all the commitments to foreign partners.
Five amphibian APC BTR-4M, supplied by Ukraine to Indonesia in 2016, continue to be successfully operated by the Marine Corps. That was confirmed during the regular military exercises on September. According to Marines, the main advantages of Ukrainian APCs are reliability, multi-purpose capability and ease of use. Indonesian media source "Detik News" prepared a special report on Indonesian marines using modern military equipment of Ukrainian production.
During the sea trainings, Marines along with representatives of the BTR-4 developer Kharkiv Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau and supplier SFTE "Spetstechnoexport", have been conducting a special trainings to improve Marines practice of BTR-4 afloat maneuvering during high-waves. Right afterward, at firing ground the crew of each BTR-4M hit successfully all targets at specified distances from a 30mm automatic gun ZTM-1 and 7.76mm machine gun PKT, that was quite a good showcase of accuracy rate of Ukrainian weapons. The Marine Corps Deputy Commander, who observed the trainings, was frankly impressed by the efficiency of the modern digital sighting and firing control system.
Ukraine's Navy is to get 60 brand-new floating Butsefal BTRs. In total, 77 BTR-4 vehicles are expected to be supplied to the Ukrainian Army in 2021 - 15 linear (BTR-4E), one commander (BTR-4K), one repair (BREM-4RM) and 60 in the "sea" version, with increased buoyancy.
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