Artyom Rocket-Building Corporation
Artem Holding Company
Russia said on 29 April 2022 that its forces had destroyed the production facilities of a space-rocket plant in the Ukrainian capital of Kyiv with high precision long-range missiles. “The armed forces of the Russian Federation continue the special military operation in Ukraine,” the defense ministry said. “High-precision long-range air-based weapons destroyed the production facilities of the Artem rocket and space industry enterprise in the city of Kyiv.”
the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “On June 26, the Russian Aerospace Forces attacked the shops of the Artem Rocket-Building Corporation in the Shevchenkovsky district of Kyiv with four high-precision air-launched missiles. This enterprise produced ammunition for Ukrainian multiple rocket launchers,” the agency said in a statement. According to the control data, all four missiles reached the target and hit the object. The Ministry of Defense clarified that the civilian infrastructure in the city was not affected. Ukrainian air defense systems, consisting of S-300 and Buk M1 anti-aircraft missile systems, tried to repel the blow, but two S-300 missiles were shot down by their own Buk. Presumably one of the rockets fell on a residential building.
Russian forces conducted a massive missile strike against the Schevchenkivskyi district of Kyiv on June 26, likely to coincide with the ongoing summit of G7 leaders. The Pentagon believes Russia did not target residential buildings in Kyiv that was damaged while Russia 'was trying to hit' the ammunition factory. A Senior US Defense Official noted the Russian-executed 60 missile strikes across the country in Kyiv, Lviv, Chernihiv and Odesa. "We're not quite sure about the Russian objectives of the strikes. They certainly could be a protest against the G7, or of the arrival of HIMARS in country. We do know, and I think all of you have reported to some extent the impact of civilian casualties in Kyiv in particular against apartment buildings that were in vicinity of that strike, or the intended location of that strike."
In his night-time address, Zelenskyy decried Sunday’s attack on Kyiv, which killed a 37-year-old man and wounded at least six people, saying “the second army of the world triumphantly ‘defeated’ a kindergarten and an apartment building”.
This is the first such major strike on Kyiv since this facility was previously hit in late April and is likely a direct response to Western leaders discussing aid to Ukraine at the ongoing G7 summit, much like the previous strikes on April 29 during UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres’ visit to Kyiv. Ukrainian government sources reported that Russian forces targeted infrastructure in the Shevchenkivskyi district using X101 missiles fired from Tu-95 and Tu-160 bombers over the Caspian Sea and noted the Russian attack was an attempt to “show off” their capabilities.
Open-source account GeoConfirmed stated that the strikes targeted the general vicinity of the Artem State Joint-Stock Holding Company, a manufacturer of air-to-air missiles, automated air-guided missile training and maintenance systems, anti-tank guided missiles, and aircraft equipment. Claims that the Artyom Rocket Construction Corporation in Kiev produced MLRS ammunition appear to be in error. GeoConfirmed noted that Russian forces likely fired the missiles from the maximum possible range, which would have interfered with GPS and radar correlation and resulted in the strike hitting civilian infrastructure, and additionally hypothesized some of the missiles may have been fired from Russian-occupied southern Ukraine. Russian forces likely targeted the Artem Plant as a means of posturing against Western military aid to Ukraine during the G7 summit and inflicted additional secondary damage to residential infrastructure.
Artem State Joint-Stock Holding Company is a manufacturer of air-to-air missiles, automated air-guided missile training and maintenance systems, anti-tank guided missiles, as well as instruments and aircraft equipment. State joint-stock holding company ARTEM specializes in machine bulding and the production of specialized aeronautical equipment and components for the defense and industrial sectors since 1892.Machining capabilities of the company includes Foundry, Forging and stamping, Billet-stamping, Machining, Processing plastics (component from the nonmetals), Welding, Electrolytic (electrochemical) platings, and wood working. Services offered by the company include Test works, Imprint, Plastic casting, Laboratory Services, Hand the development of production machinery, Delivery vehicle, and Heat Treatment.
Artem Holding Company was created in September 1996 on the basis of the Artem Kyiv Production Amalgamation, and is one of the leading aviation companies in Ukraine. In pursuance of the requirements of the Law of Ukraine "On Condemnation of Communist and National Socialist (Nazi) Totalitarian Regimes in Ukraine" DAHK "Artem" a set of measures was taken in 2015-2016 to rebrand the name of DAHK "Artem" (the full name of the company is defined as State Joint Stock Holding -technical engineering ", abbreviated name of ARTEM, which will result in a change of the brand and its components, namely: visual design with changes in the positioning of the enterprise in accordance with its profile. The implementation of such actions provides an opportunity to further distinguish and unambiguously identify the Company from other companies without misleading the counterparties about its true activities and will contribute to the successful conduct of marketing activities by the Company.
ARTEM Company is the leading enterprise of the aircraft industry of Ukraine and the former USSR countries in the production of air-to-air guided missiles which are in the armory of fighters like MiG-29, MiG-35, Su-27, Su-30, Su-32, Su-33, Su-34, Su-35 and their modifications as well as aeronautical units, devices and equipment for airplanes and helicopters manufactured by CIS countries. By the Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 1228 dd. 12 Jul 1999, the Company has been granted all necessary licenses and governmental approval for direct sales of special purpose and defence-related items of its own product range.
ARTEM Company manufactures and exports:
- R-27 and R-27E series medium- and extended-range air-to-air guided missiles of different modifications;
- unguided aircraft rocket RS-80 with shaped-charge fragmentation warhead;
- antitank guided missiles of various caliber (100mm, 120mm and 125mm);
- system GURT and GURT-M — ground automatic test equipment designed for on-site preparation and maintenance of air-launched guided weapons in field conditions or stationary bases.
- The GURT and GURT-M means of automatic parameters control and technical status evaluation of guided weapons ensure the testing of all aviation missiles and bombs with various guidance systems: radar, IR, laser, TV etc.
The Company produces the following equipment that can be fitted on different types of fixed and rotary wing aircraft:
- airborne launchers for suspension, carriage and launching of missiles;
- ejector racks for suspension, carriage and release of bombs, containers and fuel tanks;
- locks for drag parachute fixing and release;
- chaff/flare dispencers that are used against missiles equipped with IR and radar seekers;
- electric mechanisms for the remote control of aircraft devices and units;
- aircraft motors;
- electromagnetic switching contactors;
- ammunition/rounds counters and airborne fire control devices.
The RS-80 unguided air-to-air missile with a cumulative fragmentation warhead was developed by Artem's own design bureau with scientific and technical support from scientific institutions of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and is an improved version of the S-8COM NAR. Designed to destroy armored, lightly armored and unarmored military equipment and enemy manpower. Used on Su and Mig aircraft, Mi and Ka helicopters.
“State Joint Stock Holding Company ‘Artem’, which is part of Ukroboronprom, shipped a batch of unguided aircraft missiles RS-80 to the Air Force of the Ukrainian Armed Forces. Thus, the company fulfilled the state defense order ahead of schedule,” the Ukroboronprom website said on 20 August 2021. The RS-80 unguided aircraft missiles were designed by the Artem design bureau for the armament of attack and special helicopters of army aviation, as well as combat aircraft of assault, fighter, and bomber aircraft of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. The missiles are capable of penetrating 400 mm of armor at a launch range of 1,300 – 5,000 meters. The range of destruction of air targets – up to 4 km, ground targets – up to 7 km.
The R-27 medium-range air-to-air missile provides interception and destruction of manned and unmanned aerial vehicles, as well as cruise missiles in long-range and short-range maneuverable air combat. It has a three-module design, consisting of a hardware part with a guidance head, a warhead and a solid propellant engine, with three power units of the suspension. It is part of the armament of MiG and Su aircraft.
High-explosive fragmentation projectile caliber 152 mm to guns 2A36, 2C5 "Hyacinth" is designed to destroy the manpower, firepower and military equipment of the enemy on the march, in places of concentration and in bases. DAKHK "Artem", which is a part of DK "Ukroboronprom", successfully carried out fire tests of artillery ammunition of 152 mm caliber of own production in early 2018. This means that Ukraine now has the production of large-caliber artillery ammunition.
Anti-tank guided missiles are designed for effective firing from tanks on stationary and mobile objects of armored vehicles, including those equipped with dynamic protection, as well as small targets such as DOT, DZOT, tank in the trench, suspended helicopters and other targets. In order to train the crew of T-72 tanks in the techniques of working with the product at the position: retrieval and loading of the product before tank installation, docking and undocking of the main and tail parts of missiles - production of training missiles "Kombat-621UT".
The Company also performs maintenance, warranty and post-warranty servicing of items. Special works including assessment of missile technical status followed by its dismantling into component parts. The works are carried out at the Customer's or Manufacturer's base, drawing up the technical inspection report and list of spare parts required for missiles reconditioning. All technical problems emerging during the process of refurbishment are duly tackled and resolved. All spare parts (components, units, assemblies, cables, and pneumatic hoses) required for reconditioning of missiles and test equipment will be supplied. The works are completed by drawing up the official acceptance statement. The cost of works, spare parts, terms and conditions of the Artem company specialists business trips are stipulated by contracts.
On 25 April 2012 Nezavisimaya Gazeta reported that one of the largest arms contracts in the Ukraine’s history – on delivery of air-to-air missiles to India – was being finalized. As reported by Russian sources, this entailed selling a large batch of R-27 missiles (NATO reporting name AA-10 Alamo) produced by Artem Holding Company (Ukraine). These missiles are installed on Su-27, Su-30 and MiG-29 aircraft delivered to India by Russian Federation. There was no official information regarding signing of this contract (the contract’s value is assessed at hundreds million dollar). ManagementofArtemdeniedanycomments. A source close to the National Security and Defense Council noted that the contract will be signed only after its approval by the government. Experts say that the complicated approval procedure may have been used in order to avoid deterioration in relations with Russia (India is the traditional arms market for Russia).
The state-run joint stock holding Artem (Kyiv) sent the first batch of R-27 medium-range air-to-air missiles produced for the Indian Air Force to the customer, the Ukroboronprom concern reported in August 2013. The contract, worth $250 million, is to run from 2012 to 2013. "The first batch of missiles has been shipped to the customer, and the next batch is being prepared for delivery", director general Serhiy Hromov said, noting that the execution of the Indian contract will allow the full utilization of the enterprise's capacity until the end of 2013. He expressed the confidence that the Ukrainian-produced high-precision aircraft weapons will continue to be in demand in the regional markets for conventional weapons. "We're not limiting ourselves to the Indian contract. Our representatives are actively working with traditional customers from Southeast Asia, North Africa and other regions", the state enterprise director said.
On 27 July 2021, the military news website Defense Blog reported that Ukrainian missile maker Artem holding company says it was awarded a $200 million contract from an unnamed Asian customer, speculated to be India or Indonesia, for R-27 medium-range air-to-air missile production. The company received an advance payment and began to fulfill the largest contract for the last 10-15 years for the supply of R-27 missiles worth more than $ 200 million. The R-27 missile is also license-produced in China, though the production license was bought from Ukraine instead of Russia.
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