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AN-188

Ukraine cannot build the D-27 propfan, used on the An-70, without Russian components. The D-27 fan is produced by Russian firm Aerosila. Antonov is developing a jet-engined version of the An-70 strategic transport aircraft, the An-188, company officials announced on 15 June 2015 at the Paris Air Show. This is increasingly a crowded market. The An-188 would be competing against the Airbus A400M and the Kawasaki C-2, with Airbus and its national partners working hard to secure more foreign buyers.

Dmytro Kiva, Antonov's president and general designer, said that following the acceptance of the turboprop powered An-70 into Ukrainian service in January 2015, "this aircraft has become the basis of the new An-188 with jets." The company is positioning the An-188 in a similar niche to the An-70 or the Airbus A400M, with its maximum take-off weight of 140 tonnes and maximum payload of 40 tonnes, sitting in between that of the Lockheed Martin C-130 (79/20 tonnes) and the Boeing C-17 (255/75 tonnes).

Kiva said that the "aircraft [will be] able to operate from unpaved airfields [and] short airfields" of 915 m in length. As the aircraft used turbofan engines it "would provide "high economic efficiency and small fuel consumption", he added. Antonov specifications state the aircraft will have a fuel consumption of 4,600 kg per flight hour. With the Ukrainian firm eager to move away from its previous relations with Russia, and to increase the export potential of the aircraft, the An-188 is intended to be fitted with "western avionics and equipment, including engines".

The An-188 will be powered by four turbofan engines and although Kiva mentioned possibly using a western engine on the An-188, current plans are to use a Ukrainian engine from Motor Sich. Kiva said, "As far as the An-188 [is concerned], we are at the negotiation stage and in particular we are considering the possibility to equip it with Ukrainian engines made in Zaporizhia", that is, Motor Sich. He added that "there are two possible variants of engine, the D-436-FM, the new one, or I-28". It is unclear what engine he referred to as the I-28, but the D-436-FM is a new version of the Ivchenko-Progress D-436 turbofan that powers the An-158 civil airliner. According to Kiva this new version "will be ready next year".

The Kiev-based Antonov presented the Antonov-188 project at the annual aerospace show at Le Bourget. Earlier reports said it would not have any component elements manufactured in Russia and would be fitted out with the engines of Western make.

Russia and Ukraine began joint efforts on the Antonov-70 project in 2010, with Moscow including the propfan in its state programme for armaments but media reports said the project ran into serious complications in the wake of developments in Ukraine.

Antonov decided to create a new aircraft on the basis of Antonov-70. The modified version will hopefully occupy a niche between the Herculs and the Globemaster III models. The corporation says the new planes will have a capability to take off from grass fields, to transport all types of defense and civilian technologies, including helicopters, and to take up to 300 passengers aboard.

Antonov An-188 multi-purpose military transport aircraft is a modification of An-70 medium-range transport aircraft developed by Ukrainian aircraft manufacturing company Antonov. The An-188 aircraft development programme was unveiled at the 51st Paris Air Show held in Le Bourget, Paris, France, in June 2015. Turkish Undersecretary for Defense Industries (SMM) and Ukrainian state-run defence company entered a co-operative agreement to jointly produce the An-188 aircraft, during the Eurasia Airshow held in Turkey in April 2018. A scale model of the aircraft was also displayed at the air show.

At the air show in Le Bourget, Antonov officially presented the project of the promising An-188 transport aircraft. The aircraft is a continuation of the An-70 aircraft, equipped instead of four D-27 propeller-driven engines with four dual-circuit turbojet engines, which are considered engines of the Motor Sich company. It is also noted that all the details of the aircraft will be Ukrainian and Western production. An-188 should have a maximum take-off weight of 140 tons and a maximum mass of transported cargo of 40 tons.

Ukraine has no right to position the project of the An-188 transport aircraft as its own, since it is a continuation of the Russian-Ukrainian An-70, only with other engines. This was stated by the head of the Rosoboronexport delegation at the Le Bourget air show, Sergei Kornev, RIA Novosti reported 18 June 2015. "From a legal point of view, Russia has invested enough money and claims about 50% of intellectual property (in the An-70 project) ... This is a serious contradiction. By and large, they have no right to do this," Kornev said.

The aircraft will be modified in compliance with NATO standards and will be installed with new components and equipment outsourced by foreign companies. It is intended primarily for the Ukrainian Air Force. The aircraft will be used for transportation of personnel, cargo and all kinds of military equipment. The aircraft can airdrop up to 21t of cargo and carry heavy payloads weighing up to 35t. The An-188 military transport aircraft has a length of 41m, height of 16m and wingspan of 44m. It will have a maximum take-off weight of 140t and maximum cargo carrying capacity of 50t.

The airlifter design uses a high-wing arrangement with four engines. It will be fitted with a strengthened landing gear assembly consisting of a twin-wheeled nose gear and a multi-wheeled main gear underneath the fuselage. Featuring short take-off and landing (STOL) capability, the jet-powered aircraft will be able to perform take-off and landing on different airfields, including unpaved runways and short runways with a length of 915m.

The cargo cabin of the aircraft will be 19.1m-long, 4m-wide and 4.1m-high. With a volume of 400m, the spacious cargo cabin will allow for the carriage of a variety of cargo, including military equipment, Puma / Lynx helicopters, infantry fighting vehicles, construction equipment, pallets, containers, and humanitarian cargo.

The aircraft can accommodate up to 300 soldiers or 206 wounded troops over two decks when deployed in medical evacuation operation. More than 130 fully equipped paratroops can be carried aboard the aircraft in troop transport configuration.

The An-188 military transport aircraft will have advanced glass cockpit that seats up to three crew members, including a pilot, a co-pilot and a flight engineer. The cockpit will feature modern head-up displays, and latest navigation and communication equipment. The aircraft will be outfitted with modern and reliable avionics to support safe operation.

The An-188 military transport aircraft will be equipped with four modern, cost-effective D-436-148FM turbofan engines, rated at 8,800kgf each. Manufactured by JSC Motor Sich Public, the engines will deliver high speed and increased flight range with less fuel consumption. The engine is 3.7m-long, 1.78m-wide and 1.93m-high, and has a dry weight of 1,450kg.

Designed to power short-haul passenger aircraft with passenger capacity of up to 100 people. Installed on the An-148 and the An-158 regional passenger aircraft. It meets the effective environmental requirements of ICAO standards. In commercial production since 2005.

The aircraft will also be compatible with AI-28 new-generation engines or CFM International LEAP high-bypass turbofan aircraft engines. The LEAP engine was developed by Safran Aircraft Engines and GE through their joint company, CFM International, to power the next generation of single-aisle commercial jets. Combining the best technologies from the two partners, LEAP offers operators exceptional performance while retaining the legendary reliability of the CFM56. These capabilities have already made the engine a best seller, even before it has entered revenue service.

The airlifter will have a speed of approximately 800km/h and a cruising altitude of approximately 12,000m. It will be able to travel to distances up to 7,700km based on the engine type. The fuel consumption of the plane is estimated to be 4,600kg per flight hour.

 An-188 military transport

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Ukraine's state-owned defense industrial group Ukroboronprom announced in a statement that it has held talks with Turkey for the joint production of the new AN-188 military cargo plane. The aircraft will be produced by Kiev-based defense company Antonov with a capacity of 50 tons and the Turkish delegation will visit its facilities in Kiev in this regard, according to Ukrainian media.

"In the near future, a Turkish delegation will visit the state-run Antonov to finalize the drafting of legal documents on establishing a joint venture to develop, build and test the AN-188 aircraft. According to the legislation, the documents will be submitted to the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine for consideration. The Turkish side will carry out the relevant procedure as well," the press service of Ukraine's state-run military, Ukroboronprom, said in a statement on 17 July 2018.

Ukroboronprom said that they aim to establish a partnership with Turkey to bring together the Antonov aircraft manufacturing company operating under its roof and Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) for the design, production and test flights of the AN-188 military cargo plane. Ukroboronprom General Director Pavlo Bukin and the Undersecretary for Defense Industries Ismail Demir came together in April at the 2018 Eurasia Airshow in Antalya to discuss this issue. It was noted in the statement released by Ukroboronprom that the company and TAI officials met again on July 16 at the Farnborough International Aviation Fair in the United Kingdom, and that the interest in maintaining cooperation in this direction continued.

Turkey aims to carry out joint projects with Ukraine, which has significant knowledge and experience in the defense field. As the relations between Turkey and the US were increasingly tensioned, Ukraine defense cooperation with Turkey accelerated. Ukraine's Ambassador to Ankara, Andriy Sybih, said 24 December 2019 he recorded serious progress in recent years in cooperation in space technology from the ground up to supply Ukraine with Turkey. Sybih said, "through the Antonov company with Turkey, the AN-188 aircraft, including commonairplanewe would like to start production. We attended a fair 2 years ago with AN-124 'Ruslan', one of the biggest cargo planes in the world. However, the Antonov air show in the world, in Turkey, the largest cargo aircraft AN-224 'Mriya' with Turkey may surprise viewers. Negotiations on this issue continue. We want to bring the win-win formula to life. We are ready to accept any model of cooperation with Turkey, "he said.

Sybiha said, Joint working groups have been created. Under the current circumstances balls in Turkey. We expect the Turkish side to return. This project is strategically important for both sides. We like ASELSAN's avionics system. In this project, Turkey's experience in the avionics field is attracting the attention of Ukraine. Turkey's avionics field studies in the change of the Russian AN-type alternative systems in aircraft and flight characteristics also will provide unfolded seriously, "he said.

Sybiha said, " it is important to say that joint aircraft manufacturing activities open up great perspectives for common products in the world market. There is now a production of war cargo aircraft on our agenda .



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