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Taiwan - Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)

The Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) can be divided into the fixed-wing aero model, the rotor model and the multi-rotors model. The fixed-wing aero model refers to the remote control aircraft and the rotor model is helicopter rotor; and, the multi-rotors model is for military purposes as the long-distance drone, which can carry the remote control inspecting equipment and weapons, it's a high-end weapon frequently used by the USA in the War on Terror.

Thanks to Taiwan’s outstanding information and communications technology and its prowess in artificial intelligence, the island’s commercial unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) industry has become a bright new star, with applications in the fields of disease prevention, disaster relief, and agriculture.

A Ministry of National Defense (MND) spokesman confirmed 12 October 2010 that Taiwan was developing an unmanned surveillance aircraft (UAV), a move that provided further confirmation of a continuing arms race despite closer political and economic ties with China. Ministry spokesman Major General Yu Sy-tue said the Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology (CSIST), which falls under the ministry’s Armaments Bureau, had initiated research on drones.

Taiwan's research on indigenous reconnaissance UAVs has been going on for at least a decade. The institute unveiled a number of UAVs in August 2009 — including an operational version of the Chung Shyang — during the Taipei Aerospace and Defense Technology Exhibition and Conference in Taipei. The first Chung Shyang was built in 2007, with five prototypes already operational by 2010, by which time “new models” were still in the research and development phase. With a range of 100km and capability to fly eight hours without stopping, the Chung Shyang has day-and-night surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities and can serve as a communications relay.

The NCSIST Aerospace Park in Minxiong Township of Chiayi County has been confirmed. Chiayi County Magistrate Weng Chang-liang is making the joint draft with National Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology (NCSIST) to strive for establishing Taiwan's first national-level Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) System Training Center" in the park; with the high-end technological research and development, it's beneficial for the civil-military technology transfer and to provide services to the private companies.

On November 3, 2020 the US State Department made a determination approving a possible Foreign Military Sale to the Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office in the United States (TECRO) of four (4) Weapons-Ready MQ-9B Remotely Piloted Aircraft and related equipment for an estimated cost of $600 million.

TECRO has requested to buy four (4) Weapons-Ready MQ-9B Remotely Piloted Aircraft; two (2) Fixed Ground Control Stations; two (2) Mobile Ground Control Stations; and fourteen (14) Embedded Global Positioning System/Inertial Navigations Systems (EGI) with Selective Availability Anti-Spoofing Module (SAASM) (12 installed, 2 spares). Also included are MX-20 Multi-Spectral Targeting Systems and spares; SeaVue Maritime Multi-Role Patrol Radars; SAGE 750 Electronic Surveillance Measures (ESM) Systems; C-Band Line-of-Sight (LOS) Ground Data Terminals; Ku-Band SATCOM GA-ASI Transportable Earth Stations (GATES); AN/DPX-7 IFF Transponders; Honeywell TPE-331-10GD Turboprop Engines; M6000 UHF/VHF Radios; KIV-77 Mode 5 IFF cryptographic appliques; AN/PYQ-10C Simple Key Loaders; secure communications, cryptographic and Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) equipment; initial spare and repair parts; hard points, power, and data connections for weapons integration; support and test equipment; publications and technical documentation; personnel training and training equipment; U.S. Government and contractor engineering, technical, and logistics support services; and other related elements of logistical and program support.

This proposed sale is consistent with U.S. law and policy as expressed in Public Law 96-8. This proposed sale serves U.S. national, economic, and security interests by supporting the recipient’s continuing efforts to modernize its armed forces and to maintain a credible defensive capability. The proposed sale will help improve the security of the recipient and assist in maintaining political stability, military balance, economic and progress in the region.

This proposed sale will improve the recipient’s capability to meet current and future threats by providing timely Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR), target acquisition, and counter-land, counter-sea, and anti-submarine strike capabilities for its security and defense. The capability is a deterrent to regional threats and will strengthen the recipient’s self-defense. The recipient will have no difficulty absorbing these systems into its armed forces.

The MQ-9 was originally designed to be 11m long and 20m wingspan. It uses a 900-horsepower piston engine. It has a full-load combat radius of over 1800km. It can stay in the air for 14 hours and can stay in the air for 28 hours without armed. The endurance is 6000km. It was developed in 2017. With the MQ-9B, the wingspan was increased to 24m, unarmed cruising below 15,000m altitude for more than 40 hours (one said that up to 49 hours), endurance of more than 10,000 km, and 6 groups with a total load of more than 3,000 pounds (1360 kg) Send dragon frame.

Developed in 1959, the P-3C aircraft officially entered service in 1962 required 11 people to serve on duty, with a ceiling of 14,000 meters and a maximum range of 9,000 kilometers. It is not far from the MQ-9B’s "defense" capability, but it is affected by humans. Physiological constraints, P-3C has a mission of more than ten hours is the limit, MQ-9B can last two days and two nights once it is lifted off. It only needs two people on the ground to be online at the same time.

The US arms sale is declared as an unarmed version, which will only install the "reconnaissance system" and be sold together with the ground platform and proxy training. However, the ultra-long-distance cruise and excellent remote control navigation of the "Seaguard", even if equipped with a modular reconnaissance device that is one level lower than the current U.S. military reconnaissance equipment, rely on the satellite data link and military satellite navigation to detect electronic signals and Intelligence investigation is still of great help in understanding the enemy's dynamics and judging the enemy's intentions.

MOFA welcomes this and thanks the White House authorities for their intention to implement the “Taiwan Relations Law” and the “Six Guarantees”. This is a concrete action by the US to realize its commitment to support Taiwan's defense. MOFA spokesperson, Joanne Ou said that this time the arms sales were the tenth time in the Donald Trump administration. It ws also the third time that US authorities had approved a strategic arms sales program to Taiwan in 2 weeks.

Joanne Ou said, “In order to increase Taiwan's ability and confidence in maintaining peace in the strait region, and protecting regional stability, MOFA welcomes the US government's intention. We also express our deep gratitude for the implementation of the "Taiwan Relations Act" and "Six Guarantees" by the White House authorities. This is America's real commitment to Taiwan." In a speech celebrating the previous Double Ten National Day, President Tsai Ing-wen said that maintaining peace and promoting prosperity and development are the most important values ??for the Republic of China.

China denounced a US plan to sell another set of weapons to Taiwan and hinted at taking countermeasures. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin said at a news conference on 04 November 2020 that the sale was a wild interference in China's internal affairs and will grossly undermine its sovereignty and security interests. He also said the move sends a wrong message to forces seeking Taiwanese independence and will seriously harm China-US ties and peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait. The spokesperson said China resolutely opposes the sale and will take legitimate and necessary measures in response to the development of the situation. The Chinese government had already announced sanctions on companies and individuals involved in the sales.

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Page last modified: 06-10-2021 12:15:02 ZULU