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Chung Ho-class [Newport] Landing Ship Tank

27th Amphibiou SquadronDecommisioned 30 June 1993, LST-1180 Manitowoc was leased to Taiwan on 10 July 1996, renamed Chung Ho (232), and commissioned into Taiwan's Navy on 08 May 1997. Similarly, LST-1181 Sumter was renamed Chung Ping. In 1998 the United States agreed to sell the two Newport class LSTs which were previously leased to Taiwan. The Newport-class of tank landing ships replaced the the traditional bow door design LST with two derrick arms which support a thirty-ton, 112-foot bow ramp for the unloading of tanks and other vehicles ashore. Amphibious vehicles can be launched from the tank deck via the ship's stern gate, and the ship's flight deck can accommodate most Navy helicopter types.

In order to replace the large number of American landing ships built during the Second World War, the Taiwan Navy leased four Newports of service in the United States in 1995 (Newport Class) landing ship. It should have been received by the Taiwan Navy in the form of a "hot ship", but the case was delayed due to the mission of the United States. On July 14, 1995, Taiwan signed two Newport-vessels lease contracts with the US Navy. In March 1996, it signed an unsealing contract with the Newport News shipyard. In July 1996, the exhibition was opened. And completed the preparation work at the end of March 1997. The two Newport vesselss arrived in Taiwan on April 26, 1997, and served on May 8.

Their naming continued the naming rules for the Chinese Navy's "Zhongzi" chariot landing ship, which was Zhonghe (LST-232, formerly known as USS Manitowoc). LST-1180) and Zhongping (LST-233 (formerly USS Sumter LST-1181), the number is the last Zhongye (LST-231) in the previous generation, with a gap of 36 years.

Originally, the US Navy also leased the Schenectady (LST-1185) to Taiwan, but considered the amphibious transportation needs of the United States itself and cancelled the lease of the ship. On September 29, 2000, Zhonghe and Zhongping were officially handed over ownership to Taiwan in accordance with the US Security Assistance Program. It is worth mentioning that the amphibious ships of the former Taiwan Navy did not have a fixed number of Marine Corps garrison personnel. Since the service of Zhonghe and Zhongping, the ship has compiled a certain number of Marine Corps officers and soldiers; At that time, the Taiwan Navy sent officers and men of the Marine Corps prepared on the two ships to the United States to participate in ship operations and training. According to the follow-up news, when the Taiwan Navy received the Newport vessels, it also carried a batch of MP-5 submachine guns purchased from the US military (the country of origin refused to sell Taiwan at that time).

After the transfer of the two Newport vessels to Taiwan, the Taiwan Navy removed the two main MK-33 5 turrets in the rear section of the ship and replaced two MK-1 40mm 60-speed guns. Subsequently, the two middle units successively installed the Changfeng No. 3 electric warfare system unloaded from the decommissioned Yangzi destroyer (Zhongping added the electric warfare system of the Xiangyang in 2002, while the Zhonghe was Installed in 2006) and four CR201 16 combined interference rocket launchers (developed by the Chinese Academy of Sciences, derived from the Army worker bee four type 126mm multi-tube rocket launcher).

In 2006, Zhonghe removed the original MK-1 40mm gun and modified two Bofors 600PX 40mm 60-speed guns. The two guns were previously used on Jinjiang vessels. The ship was removed from the Danjiang and Xinjiang sections. In August 2007, Zhongping also removed two MK-1 40mm guns and changed them into two Bofors 600PX guns. Since the US Navy has another special article to introduce the Newport vessels, the data and the elements are not described here.

Although there may be no occasion to land on the beach, the Newport vessels is far superior to the old-fashioned flat-bottom LST's load-carrying capacity, airworthiness and speed. It can still play a long-term role in the Taiwan Navy's outer island transportation/replacement operation; compared to the flat-bottomed old In the medium size, the Newport vessel is not only faster and more stable, but also has a larger amount of loading. The space of the ship's carrying personnel also has the same bed and internal cabinet as the ship's personnel. There is also an air conditioning system on the ship. In the past, the carrier on the old landing ships can only squeeze in the soldiers. There is no air conditioning in the cabin, and there was no air conditioning, the quality of life was very poor. The gun rack and the working room are also available.Therefore, it is deeply welcomed by the Marine Corps in the Nansha transportation task.

The arduous situation of vomiting seasickness in the large cargo compartment of the old and medium-sized cargo has become history. According to the experience of the Navy, a Newport-vessels capability can be offset by three old and medium-sized brands. In addition to the amphibious mission and the replenishment, the Taiwan Navy has only one oil bomb supply ship, the Wuyi, and the Newport vessels is sometimes used by the Taiwan Navy as a water supply ship in daily training, or at the Newport vessels in the Wuyi No. At the time of the overhaul, he served as the flagship of Dunhuang voyage (for example, the 2000 voyage mission); however, compared to the professional oil bomb supply ship Wuyi, the Newport-vessels fuel is only half of the fuel, and can only be longitudinally recharged through the stern oil pipeline. Refueling and other items besides water.

Originally, the Taiwan Navy is expected to receive the second batch of two (one said four) Newport vessels, but the third is the earliest Newport vessels and has not undergone performance improvement, so the Taiwan Navy refused to accept it. In addition, in the future, the United States requested a price increase of 8 million US dollars (original price of more than US$50 million) in the process of renovating two Newport-vessels leases in Taiwan. Because the vessel condition was found to be worse than expected during the unsealing process, it must be additionally renovated. The Taiwan Navy naturally refused to accept the sudden price increase. Finally, after Taiwan and the United States negotiated, each stepped back and considered the price increase to solve the problem. After that, the direction of Taiwans army building was transformed into defense by both offensive and defensive, resulting in the reduction of the nature of the attacking Marine Corps, and the use of naval funds to obtain the main battleship. Therefore, in the years after, the Taiwan Navy is Nor did it receive the subsequent Newport vessels.

In June 2010, the Taiwan Ministry of Economic Affairs passed the assessment of the state-built landing ship. Later, when the Legislative Yuan heard the 2011 defense budget at the end of August of the same year, it was also reported that the Taiwan Navy was preparing to prepare funds to purchase one or two Newports from the United States. At this time, only two Newport vesselss remain in the US Navy in the reserve fleet (LST-1187, 1190).





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Page last modified: 23-10-2019 18:37:07 ZULU