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Project 23900 Universal Landing Ship [UDK]
(Universalnyiy Desantnye Korabli)

Moscow finally gave up on the Mistral deal. Now Russia and France will discuss only the sum that Paris should pay Russia for the failed contract. During the negotiations on the Mistral deal Russia and France have discussed only one question the sum of the compensation. "We switch the conversation to business give us our money back We're now discussing just one thing the exact sum of money France owes Russia," Oleg Bochkaryov, a deputy chairman of the Russian Military Industrial Complex said 26 May 2015.

Bochkaryov told journalists that Russia plans to build its own Mistral-class helicopter carriers to replace the ones not delivered by France. We have these types of ships planned but we will build them a bit differently. Were not going to blatantly copy the [French] Mistral [design] right out, Bochkaryov said.

The issue of Russia's own helicopter ship [vertoletonoscev] is not on the agenda - as long as there is no understanding whether they serve the fleet, a high-ranking source in the shipbuilding industry told TASS 23 May 2015. "The question of the practical implementation of such ships is not on the agenda. Until such problems for the industry nobody put," the spokesman said.

He noted, however, that such a topic is "like a version". "It has been elaborated, and now even more so. First of all, consideration is being given to these ships, as well as the ability of our industry to create vertoletonoscev. There is no common understanding of the need for Russia, such ships, "the source added.

Russias United Ship-building Corporation (USC) can build Russian analogs of French Mistral-type helicopter carriers at its Baltic Shipyard if it had an order from the defence ministry, USC President Alexei Rakhmanov said on 23 March 2015. "If the defence ministry thinks such ships are needed in a specialized modification with due account of our climatic zones and the defence doctrine, we will build such ships. There is nothing super sophisticated about them," he said.

"We need a clear task. From the point of view of production location, we know how to do that," he told the Ekho Moskvy radio station. In his words, the Baltic Shipyard in St. Petersburg is quite capable of tackling this task, since it was engaged in the construction of Mistrals afterbodies. He said that after the overhaul of the companys shipyards, it was capable of building ships up to 250 meters long, or by 50 meters longer than French Mistrals.

When asked whether Russias defense ministry had plans to build helicopter carriers domestically, Rakhmanov said he "had no information about such plans." He gave to understand that Russian-made helicopter carriers would be cheaper. "If compare the price offhand, I can say that Russian submarines are 2.5 times cheaper. As for surface ships, it depends on the class," he noted.

Russian shipyards can build an alternative to French Mistral-type helicopter carriers already by 2020 if the Defense Ministry makes such a decision, Chairman of the All-Russian Movement for the Navys Support Mikhail Nenashev said on 25 March 2015.

Russias United Ship-Building Corporation President Alexey Rakhmanov said the corporation is ready to build domestic alternatives to Mistral helicopter carriers at the Baltic shipyard if the Defense Ministry formulates this task. "We have been discussing this theme already for about two years. Both the shipyards and the navy have come to the understanding that we can both design and build ships of this class," he told TASS.

The work to design an alternative to the Mistral-class helicopter carrier will take two years, if a relevant decision is made while another three to four years will be required to build ships of this type, he said. "As for power units, we can also resolve this problem as there is a number of enterprises in Russia that can do engines for ships of this class. Propulsion and rudder systems require certain time, of course, but our enterprises will be able to cope with this task," he said.

At the current moment, Mistral-class helicopter carriers are not needed for the Russian Navy, Nenashev said. "They [the helicopter carriers] serve the task of expansion and the development of offensive operations in particular regions of the world. But our doctrine doesnt say a line about offensive amphibious operations using such ships," he said.

The 1.12 billion contract for the construction of two Mistral-type helicopter carriers for the Russian Navy was signed in June 2011. Under the contract, Russia was expected to receive the first of the two warships, the Vladivostok, in the autumn of 2014. However, Paris suspended the ships handover to Russia at the very last moment over Moscows stance on developments in neighboring Ukraine. It was planned that the second ship dubbed the Sevastopol would be handed over to Russia in the second half of 2015. But the deal was suspended like in the case with the first Mistral ship.

The Mistral-type helicopter carriers have a displacement of 21,000 tons, the maximum body length of 210 meters, the speed of 18 knots and the range of up to 20,000 miles. The helicopter carrier can accommodate 450 people in addition to its crew of 180. It carries 16 helicopters, of which six can be simultaneously stored on the flight-deck. A compartment in the cargo deck can accommodate more than 40 tanks or 70 motorized vehicles. Mistral landing helicopter carriers are capable of performing four tasks at the same time: receive helicopters, land troops, and act as a command post and a floating hospital.

On 27 May 2015, the deputy chairman of Russian State Duma's Committee on Industry, Vladimir Gutenev, said that Russia is capable of building its own nuclear powered equivalent of France's Mistral-class helicopter carrier as Moscow is aware of the design of the French-made ship. "It will not be difficult from a technical point of view to build something like the Mistral especially since we have gained access to the drawing list of the [French] helicopter carriers as a number of our weapons systems are adapted to the military characteristics of these ships," Gutenev said.

Should the Russian Armed Forces need to build a ship similar to the French-made Mistral, it will be a "ship similar in size, but with a nuclear power engine," which will be equipped with "air defense and anti-submarine defense systems."

Russias analog of the French Mistral-class carrier is in its final phase of design and will be probably laid down soon afterwards, according to the head of the Navy Ship Building Directorate; the decision to buy the vessels from France was made under certain circumstances; six years ago Russia was already capable of building them. Russias military-industrial sector is quite capable of constructing an analogue of the Mistral-class ship. The vessel is currently at the final stage of design and will be probably laid down soon afterwards, Captain Firat Rank Vladimir Tryapichnikov said on 30 May 2015 in a live broadcast from the radio station Echo Moskvy.

Russias universal amphibious assault ships of the future will by no means be exact replicas of Frances helicopter carriers Mistral, the chief of naval shipbuilding division at the Krylov State Research Center, Vladimir Pepelyayev, said 01 July 2015 at the international naval show in St. Petersburg. Russias ships will be built for different purposes.

He explained that the concept of ships of the future the Krylov Center has developed in the first place "suits the tactics of using our forces, our mentality and our approaches to amphibious operations."

"Mistral and other such foreign ships (incidentally, Mistral is not the best sample of the family of amphibious assault ships I have chanced to visit) are tailored to match the Atlantic mentality. The task of our ships is to provide assistance to frontline troops in defending our borders, in other words, landing assault groups in the rear of advancing enemy forces. Naturally, they are designed differently," Pepelyayev said.

The concept of the Russian ship has already been handed over to the Navys central command for consideration. "The concept has been proposed to the Navy for scrutiny. We shall now wait for the Navy to speak its mind," Pepelyayev said.

"According to the current estimates, developing the pilot project and building the ship will require about 30 billion rubles (roughly $550 million). Possibly, less," Pepelyayev said, adding that the weapons would account for 80% of the costs, and the hull, for 20%. "Such ships can be built either at the Severnaya Verf (Northern Shipyard) or at Sevmash," he speculated. "The conceptual design will take about twelve months to accomplish and the technical project and design documentation, another year or two. Building the ship will require another three years."

Russia is to build amphibious assault ships for its naval Kamov Ka-52K attack helicopters originally designed for the French-made Mistral-class warships, Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov said 19 May 2016. "We will build them. There will be new projects, the United Shipbuilding Corporation is looking into various options and is presenting these to usThis will be a matter for the 2018-2025 state armament program," Borisov told reporters during the ongoing HeliRussia-2016 helicopter exhibition in Moscow.

Kamov Design Bureau's General Designer Sergei Mikheev said that the St. Petersburg-based Nevskoe Design Bureau is currently developing the Priboy [Surf] large landing ship, which will become an alternative to Mistral. The Priboy is to have a displacement of 14,000 tonnes and will have the capacity to carry up to eight helicopters, as well as 50 armored vehicles and 500 marines.

The new Russian landing ship will combine all the latest achievements in the world shipbuilding, have the functions of a helicopter carrier, landing ship and command ship, the Admiral Igor Khmelnov, Admiral of the Coordinating Council of Veterans of the Navy, told the Zvezda television channel 18 June 2018. "The most important thing is that it will be a control ship. Yes, it must be guarded, escorted, but it is necessary. I spent many services in the Mediterranean, commanded by a group of ships. We ruled from the warship. This is not entirely convenient and unsafe, "said Khmelnov.

The design and construction of Universal Landing Ship (UDK - Universalnyiy Desantnye Korabli - helicopter carriers) in Russia will begin after 2020, when the design of a new large amphibious ship will be completed. This was announced on Wednesday by the deputy commander-in-chief of the Russian Navy for armament, Vice Admiral Viktor Bursuk said 20 June 2018. "These ships will be, they are provided by the shipbuilding program and will be built in the second stage of the program implementation, after 2020. UDC design will begin after we carry out the design of the large landing ship," he said, without specifying which design bureau will be entrusted work on a universal paratrooper.

In turn, the president of the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC), Alexei Rakhmanov, noted that there will certainly be competition between the project offices within the corporation. "Just as we build ships in cooperation with other shipyards of the North-West, we will be engaged in designing exactly the same way, by involving bureaus in which there are currently available resources, to completion of either technical or working design documentation. We will come out with a proposal to the fleet, which I hope will be agreed upon," he said.

The helicopter carriers would have the diesel GTI, in which diesel main engine and turbine power augmentation is required for. The basis of formations of ships will be Ka-52k helicopters, which will be synchronized with the supply helicopter carrier. Also on the ships would be based Ka-27, Ka-29, Ka-31.

Yuri Borisov, who at that time held the post of deputy head of the military department, told reporters that the first Russian helicopter carrier would appear around 2022. The Russian Defense Ministry and USC agreed that the construction of the domestic vertoletonoscev will begin in year 2020 on shipyard "Severnaya Verf". It was planned to create two such craft: the first to be transferred to the fleet in the year 2024, the second scheduled to lay down in 2022 year and put to the Navy in the year 2026.

Two Russian universal amphibious assault ships (UDC), laid down at the Zaliv plant in the Crimea, will carry 16 heavy helicopters according to their modified tactical and technical characteristics, and will also receive deck attack unmanned aerial vehicles. The design displacement of the ships has been increased to more than 30 thousand tons, a source in the shipbuilding industry told TASS 14 August 2020. "The tactical and technical characteristics of the ships have changed significantly during the design. Their displacement has grown to more than 30 thousand tons (previously announced 25 thousand tons - approx. TASS), they will carry 16 helicopters of the entire range, as well as deck attack and reconnaissance drones. The ships will be able to transport up to 1,000 marines, "the source said. He did not specify what project drones were in question. According to the source, the dock chamber of each UDC will accommodate up to four landing craft. He added that "the transfer of the first helicopter carrier to the fleet is expected in 2025, the second in 2027."

The two newest Russian universal amphibious assault ships (UDC) under construction at the Zaliv plant in Kerch can be transformed into floating hospitals, if necessary, the head of the Ak Bars shipbuilding corporation Renat Mistakhov said in an interview 27 August 2020 with TASS at the Army-2020 forum. The customer indicated to us that today the issue of organizing this ship for a hospital ship is being worked out, because the helicopter carrier has everything it needs - cabins, galleys, separate rooms, a helicopter hangar, a dock chamber. be stationary, which must always stand inside the ship, "Mistakhov said.

He clarified that since the beginning of the design of the Ak Bars spacecraft, he offered the customer to make some of the equipment stationary, for example, oxygen. "The rest of the equipment that is not needed in combat operations will not be mounted on the UDC. A place will be reserved for it, a variant of placement will be worked out," Mistakhov said. If necessary, the ship will be filled with medical equipment and materials in addition to the basic set originally installed, and turn into a full-fledged hospital ship.

At the Army-2020 International Military-Technical Forum, on 27 August 2020 Ak Bars CEO Renat Mistakhov told TASS what peaceful tasks the Russian ships would perform and in what they would surpass French Mistral-class helicopter carriers.

"Our two UDCs are much different from those projects that were previously planned on the basis of the French Mistrals. In particular, given that these ships will serve in the waters of not only warm seas, but also in the northern ones, the UDC will meet the requirements for operation in the Arctic zone. Together with the icebreaker, they will be able to operate in ice.

"Our ship also differs significantly from the Mistral in width, height, draft, functionality, habitability, transport and landing capacity, and the composition of the landing craft.

"Our ship is also significantly different from the Mistral in width, height, draft, functionality, habitability, transport and landing capacity, and the composition of the landing craft. Our air group will include more than 10 heavy helicopters, and it will be not only sea helicopters based on Ka-31, Ka-27, but also multipurpose military helicopters....

"... in comparison, again, with the Mistrals, the ships of our project will surpass the French helicopter carriers in the number of deployed marines. Secondly, we will be able to transport more equipment than on those ships. Third, we will be able to place a larger list of surface craft that are needed for operational disembarkation, for patrolling, and will be placed in the aft of the ship.

"An important feature: in places for watercraft, if necessary, it will be possible to place armored vehicles, for example, armored personnel carriers or tanks. That is, if our ship is used as part of the transfer of some ground force with equipment, it can be used purely for the transportation of equipment. Moreover, armored vehicles can also be deployed at the helicopter bases in the aircraft hangar of the ship. Equipment will also be able to enter and leave there, and will be provided with everything necessary. That is, the composition of the transported group and technical means can be flexibly combined, depending on the specific task."

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Page last modified: 13-09-2021 17:22:36 ZULU