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T-72 Tank

Designations T-72S (export), SMT M1988T-72B3M / T-72B4
Date of Introduction 19852015
Crew 3 3
Combat Weight (mt) 44.546 t
Length, Gun forward 9530 mm
Chassis Length Overall (m) 6.916860 mm
Height Overall (m) 2.19
Width Overall (m) 3.583770 mm
Ground Pressure (kg/cm 2 ) 0.900.9
height of the turret on the roof 2226 mm
Ground clearance 490 mm
Projected area, m2
- Head 6
- On-board 12.0
Automotive Performance
Engine Type 840-hp DieselType V-shaped multi-fuel 4-stroke diesel V-84-1 (or B-93)
max. power hp 840 (or 1130)
liquid cooling system
fuel type DL, DZ, YES, T-1, TS-1, T-2, A-66 and A-72
Starting System starter and compressed air (optional)
Transmission Manual, Planetary
Drive Train: type hydraulic
Fuel capacity, l 1200 + 400
Specific power, hp / t 18.3
Cruising Range (km) 500/ 900 with external tanks500 km
Speed (km/h)  
Max Road 6060 km / h
Max Off-Road 45
Average Cross-Country 35
Max Swim N/A
Fording Depths (m) 1.2 Unprepared/5.0 with snorkel1.2 m (with OPVT -5)
Obstacles: lifting, hail 30
Radio R-173 and R-134 radio VHF P-168-25U-2 "Aqueduct"
Armor, Turret Front (mm) 520/950 against HEATat the level of the T-72B, explosive reactive armor (ERA) "Kontakt-5"
Applique Armor (mm) Side of hull over track skirt, turret top
Explosive Reactive Armor (mm) Kontakt or Kontakt-5 ERA
Active Protective System Arena available
Mineclearing Equipment Roller-plow set, and plows available
Self-Entrenching Blade Yes
NBC Protection System Yes
Smoke Equipment Smoke grenade launchers (8x 81-mm left side of turret), and 32 grenades. Vehicle engine exhaust smoke system. smoke grenades 8 x 902A Use a grenade or 3D7 3D17
Main Armament
Caliber, Type, Name 125-mm smoothbore gun 2A46M/ D-81TM125-mm smoothbore gun 2A46M-5
Rate of Fire (rd/min) 4-6/2 in manual mode
Loader Type Autoloader (separate loading) and manualAutomatic loader provides stacking and loading artillery shots and managed arms stabilizer with an electromechanical drive in the horizontal plane and electrohydraulic drive small-sized vertical
Ready/Stowed Rounds 22/23
Elevation () -6 to +14
Fire on Move Yes, up to 25 km/h. Depending on the road and distance to the target, most crews may halt before firing.
Auxiliary Weapon
Caliber, Type, Name 7.62-mm (7.62x 54R) Machinegun PKT
Mount Type Turret coax
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 2,000
Max Effective Range (m)  
Day 1,000
Night 800
Fire on Move Yes
Rate of Fire (rd/min) 250 practical, 600 cyclic in 2-10 round bursts
Caliber, Type, Name 12.7-mm (12.7x108) AA MG NSVT12.7-mm anti-aircraft machine gun
Mount Type Turret top
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 2,000
Max Effective Range (m)  
Day 1,500/1,000 antiaircraft
Night N/A
Fire on Move Yes
Rate of Fire (rd/min) 200 practical, 600 cyclic in bursts
ATGM Launcher  
Name 2A46M
Launch Method Gun-launched
Guidance SACLOS, Laser beam rider
Command Link Encoded infrared laser beam
Launcher Dismountable No
FCS Name 1A40-1
Main Gun Stabilization 2E42-2, 2-plane
Rangefinder TPD-K1M laser rangefinder
Infrared Searchlight Yes
Sights w/Magnification  Multichannel gunner's sight (ISM) "Pine-have" channels:
  • Optical;
  • thermal;
  • channel laser range finder;
  • control channel anti-tank guided missiles (ATGM).
  • commander sight  TKN-3MK with the system "double"
    Gunner  Substitute Gunner: 1A40-1
    Day TPD-K1, 8
    Field of View () 9
    Acquisition Range (m) 3,000 with LRF, 5,000 without
    ATGM/Night 1K13-495 5.6x (8x ATGM)
    Field of View () 6, 40 min (5 ATGM)
    Acquisition Range (m) INA
    Commander Fire Main Gun No
    Caliber, Type, Name  
    125-mm APFSDS-T, BM-42M  
    Maximum Aimed Range (m) 3,000
    Max Effective Range (m)  
    Day 2,000-3,000
    Night 850-1,300
    Armor Penetration (mm) 590-630 at 2,000 meters
    125-mm Frag-HE-T, OF-26  
    Maximum Aimed Range (m) 5,000
    Max Effective Range (m)  
    Day INA
    Night 850-1,300
    Armor Penetration (mm) INA
    125-mm HEAT-MP, BK-29M  
    Maximum Aimed Range (m) 3,000
    Max Effective Range (m)  
    Day INA
    Night 850-1300
    Armor Penetration (mm) 650-750
    125-mm HEAT, BK-27  
    Maximum Aimed Range (m) 3,000
    Max Effective Range (m)  
    Day INA
    Night 850-1,300
    Armor Penetration (mm) 700-800
    Other Ammunition Types Giat 125G1 APFSDS-T, Russian BM-42 and BM-32 APFSDS-T.
    Note The Russians may have a version of the BM-42M with a DU penetrator.
    Antitank Guided Missiles  
    Name AT-11/SVIR
    Warhead Type Shaped charge (HEAT)
    Armor Penetration (mm ) 700 behind ERA/800 conventional
    Range (m) 4,000
    Name AT-11B/INVAR
    Warhead Type Tandem Shaped charge (HEAT)
    Armor Penetration (mm ) 800 behind ERA /870 conventional
    Range (m) 4,000
    Current Using Countries (all models of T-72)
    BulgariaCroatiaCzech Republic
    YugoslaviaUnited States (in displays)

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    Page last modified: 25-03-2015 19:51:17 ZULU