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Military


T-54 / T-55 Series Tanks

Specifications
Alternative Designations T-55AMV 
Date of Introduction 1983 
Proliferation   
Current Using Countries (all models of T-55)
Afghanistan Albania Algeria
Angola Azerbaijan Bangladesh
Belarus Bosnia-Herz. Bulgaria
Cambodia Cent. African Rep. Chad
China Congo Croatia
Cuba Czech Republic Egypt
Ethiopia Finland Georgia
Guinea Hungary India
Iran Iraq Korea (north)
Laos Lebanon Libya
Macedonia [T-55A] Malawi Mauritania
Mongolia Mozambique Namibia
Nicaragua Nigeria Pakistan
Peru Poland Romania
Russia Slovakia Slovenia
Somalia Sri Lanka Sudan
Syria Tanzania Togo
Uganda Ukraine Uzbekistan
Vietnam Yemen Yugoslavia
Zambia Zimbabwe  

Description
Crew 4
Combat Weight (mt) 40.5
Chassis Length Overall (m) 6.20
Height Overall (m) 2.32
Width Overall (m) 3.60
Ground Pressure (kg/cm 2 ) 0.89
Automotive Performance  
Engine Type 620-690 hp Diesel
Cruising Range (km) 390/600 with extra tanks
Speed (km/h)  
Max Road 50
Max Off-Road 35
Average Cross-Country 25
Max Swim N/A
Fording Depths (m) 1.4 Unprepared, 5.5 with snorkel
Radio R-173, R-173P, R-124 intercom
Protection  
Armor, Turret Front (mm) 200 (base T-55 armor)
Applique Armor (mm) Rubber screens and box armor
Explosive Reactive Armor (mm) 1st Gen raises to KE/700-900
against HEAT; 2nd Gen raises to 450-480 KE/700-900 HEAT  
Active Protective System Russian Drozd APS available
Mineclearing Equipment Roller-plow set, and plows available
Self-Entrenching Blade No
NBC Protection System Yes
Smoke Equipment Smoke grenade launchers (4x 81-mm each side of turret), and 24 grenades. Vehicle engine exhaust smoke system
ARMAMENT  
Main Armaments  
Caliber, Type, Name 100-mm rifled gun, D-10T2S
Rate of Fire (rd/min) 5-7
Loader Type Manual
Ready/Stowed Rounds INA
Elevation () -5 to +18
Fire on Move Yes (gun rounds only--ATGMs require a short halt)
Auxiliary Weapon  
Caliber, Type, Name 7.62-mm (7.62x 54R) Machinegun PKT-T
Mount Type Turret coax
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 2,000
Max Effective Range (m)  
Day 800
Night 800
Fire on Move Yes
Rate of Fire (rd/min) 250 rpm practical, 800 cyclic, 2-10 rd bursts
Caliber, Type, Name 12.7-mm (12.7x108) AA MG DShKM
Mount Type Turret top
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 2,000
Max Effective Range (m)  
Day 1,500
Night N/A
Fire on Move Yes
Rate of Fire (rd/min) 80-100 practical, 600 cyclic, 2-10 rd bursts
ATGM Launcher  
Name D-10T2S gun
Launch Method Gun-launched
Guidance SACLOS, Infrared laser-beam rider
Command Link Encoded laser-beam
Launcher Dismountable No
FIRE CONTROL  
FCS Name Volna
Main Gun Stabilization M1 Tsiklon 2-plane
Rangefinder KDT-2 Laser
Infrared Searchlight L-4
Sights w/Magnification  
Gunner  
Day TShSM-32PV, 3.5x and 7x
Field of View () 18 and 8
Acquisition Range (m) 4,000
Night 1K13
Field of View () INA
Acquisition Range (m) 800-1,300, gun rounds only
Commander Fire Main Gun No
MAIN ARMAMENT AMMUNITION  
Caliber, Type, Name  
100-mm BM-8 Russian  
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 2,500
Max Effective Range (m) 
Day 1,500
Night 800-1,300
Armor Penetration (mm) 200 at 1,000 meters
100-mm APFSDS-T, BM-25  
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 2,500
Max Effective Range (m)  
Day INA
Night 800-1,300
Armor Penetration (mm) INA
100-mm APFSDS-T, BM-412M, Romanian  
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 2,500
Max Effective Range (m)  
Day 2, 000+ (est)
Night 800-1,300
Armor Penetration (mm) 418 at 2,000 m, 380 at 3,000 m
100-mm APFSDS-T, M1000, Belgian  
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 2,500
Max Effective Range (m)  
Day 2,500 (est)
Night 800-1,300
Armor Penetration (mm) NATO triple heavy target, 4,500 m
100-mm HEAT, BK-17  
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 2,500
Max Effective Range (m)  
Day 1,000 (est)
Night 800-1,000 (est)
Armor Penetration (mm) 380
100-mm Frag-HE, OF-32  
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 4,000
Max Effective Range (m)  
Day 2,500
Night 800-1,300
Armor Penetration (mm) INA
Other Ammunition Types A variety of other rounds within the range noted above are available. They include the GIAT NR 322/ NR 352 APFSDS-T and Slovak JPrSv AP-T with ranges beyond 2,000 m. Antitank Guided Missiles
Name AT-10/BASTION
Warhead Type Shaped charge (HEAT)
Armor Penetration (mm) 650 (RHA)
Range (m) 4,000 (day only)
Name AT-10 Improved
Warhead Type Tandem shaped charge
Armor Penetration (mm) 700 (RHA) behind ERA
Range (m) 4,000 (day only)



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