SA-N-3 GOBLET / M-11 Shtorm
Soviet Navy (similarly to the Soviet Army) required a short and medium range SAM system. The M-1 Volna with 4K90 (and later 4K91) missiles was the SA-N-1 short range system. It used the same missile as the S-125 Neva (SA-3) system. The M-2 Volhov-M with 13DM missile was the SA-N-2 medium range system. It used the same missile as the S-75 Desna (SA-2) system. The Navy was not really happy about the later system. They wanted a lighter, single staged missile, with similar capabilities as the M-2.
This replacement was the M-11 Shtorm system (SA-N-3) with the 4K60 missile. The 4K60 & 4K65 M-11 Shtorm/SA-N-3 Goblet missile system was used on the Project 1123 "Kondor"/Moskva-class, Project 1134 "Berkut"/Kresta I-class, Project 1134A "Berkut-A"/Kresta II-class, and Project 1134B "Berkut-B"/Kara-class cruisers as well as the Project 1143 "Krechyet"/Kiev-class carriers. It was for many years the only Soviet naval SAM system not to have a land based counterpart.
The universal shipborne complex M-11 was developed according to the Resolution of the Council of Ministers No. 846-382 of July 25, 1959. The head of the system as a whole was NII-10 GKRE, chief designer GN Volgin. The TsKB-34, the TsNII-173 guidance drives, the NII-48 radio exploders, the NII-6 warhead, the NII-125 engine charges, etc., were engaged in launchers.
Initially, the M-11 complex with the CM-102 launcher was intended for ships of Prospect 1126. But the works on Prospect 1126 were terminated by Resolution No. 565-236 of 21.06.1961, in connection with which work was stopped on the M complex -eleven. But in a short time - on 27.07.1961 the Resolution of the Council of Ministers No. 846-382 was issued on the continuation of work on the M-11, but already for the ship pr. 1123.
In April 1962 NII-10 completed the outline design of the M-11 missile complex and handed it over to the customer. In the process of developing a draft design, it was found out that it is impossible to build an SU M-11 on the basis of the M-1 complex because of the requirement of universality (over surface ships), doubling the range and noise immunity. In May 1962, after the completion of the preliminary design of the project, 0KB-2 fundamentally changed the aerodynamic scheme and dimensions of the V-611 rocket, which required the complete processing of the SM-136 PU, the control loop, etc. A new draft project was approved only in 1963.
The "Thunder" control system has two radar homing channels for one purpose, working to increase noise immunity in different wave bands and using a single-pulse directing method. At different frequencies, there are two radar channels for remote control of two missiles. This ensures that it is not possible to simultaneously suppress the two target and two missile channels with a single aiming and moving noise interference of high power.
ZRK had an original design of the antenna control system post. The two lower latticed parabolic tracking antennas were mounted on the front surface of large box-shaped containers, in which the radioelectronic equipment of the target and missile channels is located. The two upper missile tracking antennas are installed on top of the containers, and between them is a horn antenna for transmitting commands. In the latest modifications, the horn antenna is replaced with a parabolic antenna and placed between the target antennas.
The anti-aircraft missile V-611 (4K60), developed at the CB "Fakel", is a single-stage, solid fuel missile. The maximum flight speed is 1200 m / s, the average flight speed in the affected area is 650-800 m / s. The starting mass of the rocket is 1844 kg. High-explosive fragmentation warhead weighing about 120 kg is equipped with a non-contact fuze. A missile miss is 40 m (that is, the maximum distance at which the target will be struck with the necessary probability.) Missiles are delivered to the ships in running order, ready for launch, and did not require checks during the entire period of storage on the ship. The ready-made pieces of high-strength steel are used in the combat part.
The PU with the storage, feeding and loading device was developed by the TsKB-34 MOS together with the Bolshevik plant, therefore the UE initially had CM indexes (TsKB-34), and then B (Bolshevik). Chief Designer TD Vilkost.
The launch unit [PU] of the M-11 complex was produced in three versions. On the cruiser pr.1123 are installed two PU B-189 with a two-tier arrangement of storage, feeding and loading devices. On each level there are 4 drums with 6 rockets each. The device for storing, feeding and loading PU B-187 of ships pr.1134A is single-stage and is similar to the upper tier of the storage, feeding and loading device of the 1st variant. Large anti-submarine ships pr.1134B were equipped with two PU B-187A with single-stage arrangement of storage devices in conveyor design.
An aerial or surface target, taken along the lines of target designation, is continuously accompanied by a two-channel "Thunder" control system over the signals reflected from the target. According to the tracking data, the corners of the PU guidance and the coordinates of the foreseen point of the missile meeting with the target are generated. After launching each missile on the line of command transmissions, request pulses are transmitted to which the transponder of the on-board missile equipment provides the signals, which are followed by their continuous tracking and the development of instructions for the guidance of two missiles on one target.
Ship tests of the M-11 missile system were carried out on an experimental vessel OS-24, the former KR Voroshilov pr.26, reworked in 1961 in Prospect 33 for testing various types of missiles.
In September-October 1967, two serial M-11 complexes were successfully delivered to the head anti-submarine cruiser Moskva, pr. 1123. Complex M-11 with a V-611 missile was adopted in 1969 and was named "Storm" . Later they were armed with ships of Prospect 1134A, 1134B and 1143. By the end of the 1980s, the Shtorm was assigned the pseudonym Shkval. In the West, the complex received the designation SA-N-3 "Goblet".
In 1972, the complex underwent a modernization, the task of which was to reduce the lower boundary of the zone of destruction and to provide the possibility of shooting for maneuvering purposes and foreing. After modernization, the complex was named "Storm-M" and in the same year was adopted for service. On ships pr.1134A and 1134B the control system "Grom-M" served not only the SAM, but also the anti-submarine complex "Metel". In 1980-1986 the complex underwent modernization for firing at low-altitude RCC. SAMs were named "Storm-N", and the rocket - V-611M (4K65) . The complex was not supplied for export and did not participate in combat operations.
|Maximum missile flight speed, m / s||1200|
|The speed of the missile in the affected area, m / s||650-800|
|Range of action, km||55|
|Weight of high-explosive warhead, kg||120|
|Starting weight, kg||1844|
|Length of rocket, mm||6100|
|Diameter of missile body, mm||600|
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