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Moisei Lvovich Rukhimovich

Born October 1889, in the village of Kagalnik, in what is now Rostov Oblast; died July 20, 1938. Soviet state and party figure. Member of the Communist Party from 1913. Son of a metalworker / locksmith. He graduated from the village school, Grozny real school and several courses of the Kharkov Institute of Technology. The latter he did not finish.

From the age of 15, Rukhimovich joined in the Social Democratic movement in 1904 in Rostov. But soon after the defeat of the December armed uprising in Moscow, he was in exile. He lived in emigration from 1906 to 1909, when he lived in Turkey, Egypt, Greece, Bulgaria. Returning home, in 1911 he took up party work and led underground revolutionary work in Ukraine.

At the beginning of the Great War in 1914 he was mobilized into the army. From 19141917 he was at the front. After the February Revolution of 1917, Rukhimovich became a member of the Kharkov committee of the RSDLP(B. From March 1917, after the fall of the autocracy, he was elected a member of the Kharkov Committee of the RSDLP (b) and headed the military section of the city Council of Workers 'and Soldiers' Deputies. During the October Days of 1917 the 30-year-old Rukhimovich was chairman of the Kharkov Military Revolutionary Committee and of the headquarters of the Red Guard. In 1918 he served as military commissar of the Donets-Krivoi Rog [DKR] Soviet Republic. From the first days of the German invasion into Ukraine, despite hopes that the Germans would stop on the Dnieper, the DKR leadership energetically began to organize the defense of the young republic from the possible continuation of the German offensive. The leadership of the defense and the formation of the army was entrusted to the Commissariat for Military Affairs, headed by Moses Ruhimovich, who later became one of the largest leaders of the USSR.

He fought in the Civil War of 191820. In 1919 and 1920 he was a member of the Council of Peoples Commissars of the Ukraine and the revolutionary military council of the Fourteenth Army.

After the civil war, in 1921 and 1922, Rukhimovich was chairman of the Donets provincial executive committee, a member of the bureau of the provincial committee of the Communist Party (Bolshevik) of the Ukraine, and chairman of the Bakhmut executive committee. His most important task was the rapid restoration of coal mines and metallurgical plants of Donbass: not only Ukraine, but also the industrial centers of Russia and other Soviet republics needed fuel and metal. In 1923, Rukhimovich became the manager of the Donugol Trust, and with the completion of the restoration of Donbass he headed the Supreme Council of the National Economy of Ukraine, was responsible for the work of all branches of industry and transport of the republic. In 1925 and 1926 he became chairman of the Supreme Council on the National Economy of the Ukraine, and in 1926 he became deputy chairman of the Supreme Council on the National Economy of the USSR.

As an experienced political and economic figure, M. L. Rukhimovich on June 11, 1930 was appointed People's Commissar of Communications. And if earlier he had to be engaged in railway transport along the way, now he had to go into all the details of the work of all services of the railway sector. From 1930 to 1934 he was peoples commissar of railroad transportation of the USSR and director of Kuzbassugol (a coal trust). The requirement of time was to increase the turnover of cars and trains. And this could be done not only with the help of the enthusiasm and socialist competition that began in 1929, but also with the material interest of the workers. On October 5, 1930, the decision of the People's Commissar Rukhimovich and the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions on awarding the best enterprises, brigades and drummers of transport was published. Order number 1869 ordered disciplinary actions on rail transport.

M. Rukhimovich considered the second direction of his work to be the reconstruction of transport based on the introduction of new technology. On November 23, 1930, the NKPS collegium decided on the introduction of automatic coupling in the USSR. In December 1930, a domestic locomotive was tested, which consumed fuel four times less than a locomotive. In February 1931, the Matrosov brake was adopted as a model for freight trains. Soon IK Matrosov - one of the first on the railway transport - was awarded the Order of Lenin. In April, the first Kovrovets excavator was manufactured at the Kovrov enterprise of the NKPS. In the same month, the equipment was started with the automatic blocking of the Pokrovsko-Streshnevo-Volokolamsk section, 114 km long, and the construction of a spare parts production plant in Lyublino.

The line between the Urals and Kuzbass, where the second coal-metallurgical base of the country was created, continued to remain a bottleneck. The pace of reconstruction of railway transport was insufficient, as noted by the NKPS board and the plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b), which heard the report of Rukhimovich "Railway transport and its immediate tasks."

In October 1931, M. L. Rukhimovich appeared before the Politburo. In his decree "On the work of the NKPS," it was noted that the Central Committee and the SNK "consider the work of the NKPS to be insufficient and unsatisfactory." The next day, the Presidium of the USSR Central Executive Committee freed Rukhimovich from the duties of the People's Commissar of Railways.

Was the punishment fair? But already on October 18, 1931, the "old coal mine" was appointed manager of the Kuzbassugol association and a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Economic Council of the USSR. Between 1934 and 1936 he was deputy peoples commissar of heavy industry of the USSR. On 8 December 1936 he was appointed the People's Commissar of Defense Industry of the USSR, served from 1936 to 1937 peoples commissar for the defense industry of the USSR. As a people's commissar, Rukhimovich was in charge of organizing the famous flights of Valery Chkalov.

Rukhimovich was a delegate to the Eighth Party Congress and the Tenth through the Seventeenth Congresses. At the Thirteenth through the Seventeenth Party Congresses he was elected to the Central Committee of the ACP(B). He was a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolshevik) of the Ukraine and a member of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR. Rukhimovich was awarded the Order of Lenin and the Order of the Red Banner.

Rukhimovich was greatly appreciated by Khrushchev, who was obliged to his former career by the former People's Commissar of the DKR. Quite a few memoirs of Soviet business executives survived, recalling with respect the role that Rukhimovich played in the industrialization of the USSR.

On October 15, 1937 he was dismissed, and arrested the next day. At the end of 1937, the investigating authorities of the NKVD of the USSR announced the exposure of a major conspiracy in the Red Army Air Force and the aircraft industry. The key persons in the conspiracy were the Red Army commander Viktor Alksnis [arrested November 23, 1937, and shot July 29, 1938], Moisei Lvovich Rukhimovich, chief of the First Main Directorate (aircraft), People's Commissariat of Defense Industry and lead designer Andrei Tupolev, who was arrested a week later but not shot.

Rukhimovich was convicted on July 28, 1938 to death. The next day on July 29, 1938, he was shot as the worst enemy of the people and a Trotskyist (despite the fact that he fought against Trotsky from the defense of Tsaritsyn and supported Stalin in everything). He was rehabilitated on March 14, 1956.

In 1944, the son of Rukhimovich - Vladimir - was shot. He was accused of involvement in the underground organization Death for the Fathers and an attempt to assassinate Stalin, which he intended to carry out on Sparrow Hills on May 1 to avenge his parent. Whether these allegations were real ground, the researchers have yet to find out.

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Page last modified: 04-11-2018 17:41:30 ZULU