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Grigory Lazarevich Prosyankin

Grigory Lazarevich ProsyankinGrigory Lazarevich Prosyankin from 1972–1986 worked as General Director of the PO Sevmash Enterprise. In 1956-1972 he was Director of the plant number 893 (now FSUE "MP Zvezdochka"). There are many great people in the history of shipbuilding. Their names are inherently related to the industry. Their achievements enabled Russian shipbuilding to take a leading position in the world and survive the difficult times for the country. Grigory Lazarevich Prosyankin is one of the great people of the Soviet shipbuilding.

He was born January 6, 1920, in the village of Nizhne Popasnyansky district, Voroshilovgrad region, and died September 17, 1998, in Sevastopol. Shipbuilding Engineer, Hero of Socialist Labor (1971), laureate of the State Prize (1978) and Lenin Prize (1984) of the USSR. Member of the Great Patriotic War. He worked in Molotovsk (Severodvinsk) at plant No. 402 (now PO Sevmashpredpriyatie) as an assistant master, foreman, site manager, senior process engineer, bureau chief, shop manager (1943-1956).

Member of the CPSU since 1952. In the Red Army since 1941. When the Great Patriotic War began, he was called to the front. He participated in the defense of Ukraine and southern Russia. A year later he was recalled from the army in force to continue his studies. Withdrawn from the army to continue their studies, on March 25, 1943 [not 1942] he graduated from the Nikolaev Shipbuilding Institute with a degree in shipbuilding. From March 1943, after distribution, he worked in the town of Molotovsk (now - Severodvinsk) of the Arkhangelsk Region at plant No. 402 (now OJSC “Production Association“ Northern Machine-Building Enterprise ”) as a foreman, site manager, shop foremen No. 5, 7 and 50.

In June 1956, the 36-year-old foreman Grigoriy Prosyankin, the first shipwright of Zvezdochka, headed plant number 893 in Molotovsk. Today it is JSC "Ship Repair Center" Zvezdochka "in Severodvinsk. All funds and resources then went primarily to support Plant No. 402 (modern Sevmash). The future “Asterisk” of 1956 was rather a workshop. It is Grigory Prosyankin who will create a large enterprise here. Over the years of the work of G.L.Prosyankin as director, the Zvezdochka enterprise carried out repairs and re-equipment of 39 submarines, including 13 nuclear, 26 surface ships — big hunters, patrol ships, squadron destroyers, radar patrol ships, 19 civilian ships and atomic icebreaker "Lenin". More than 409 ships were built. Under the leadership of Prosyankin, a comfortable neighborhood with a developed social infrastructure was created: residential buildings with a total area of 210,000 square meters, the Palace of Culture, a cinema, schools, kindergartens, medical facilities, built-in shops, canteens, cafes, post offices, savings banks, etc.

Under his leadership, the repair and re-equipment of the nuclear submarine was mastered, the repair and modernization of the world's first atomic icebreaker "Lenin" was completed, and civil shipbuilding was mastered. Under his leadership, a series of strategic missile submarines was built by the project 667B, 667BD, 667BDR, 667 BDRM, 941, submarines of projects 705K, 949, 949A, 685.

From June 14, 1956 to February 1972, Director of Plant No. 893 (now, OJSC Zvezdochka Center for Ship Repair). It was with his arrival that the company began to actively carry out orders of the Navy. Only in 1956, Zvezdochka carried out repairs on the patrol ships of Project 50 (Leopard, Wolverine, Leopard) and the Pravdarkarma-61 (the ship Pronchishchev). Since 1958, submarines began to moor more and more often at the Zvezdochka berths, first diesel, and from the first half of the 1960s nuclear. In those years, Zvezdochka did not have enough personnel, and in 1958 a vocational school No. 28 was opened for the enterprise, where welders, assemblers, fitters and machine-makers were trained. From young shipbuilders, the plant forged its future.

In 1962, the company completed the first repair of a diesel-electric submarine K-79 project 629, equipped with ballistic missiles. As early as 1964, the Zvezdochka surrendered two nuclear submarines, K-33 (Project 658M) and K-11 (Project 627A), to the fleet after repair. In just fifteen years of the management of G.L.Pryosyankin, the Zvezdochka enterprise was repaired, re-equipped and handed over to the Navy 39 submarines, 26 surface ships and 19 civilian ships. In 1962 a loading dock was put into operation, designed to lift ships and vessels from water and launch them into the water. In 1968, a shed was put into production - hull-assembly workshop No. 10. A new complex began to operate at the enterprise: a ship-raising structure - a transborder, a ship-carrying train. All this, being updated, reliably operates today, providing annual transfer programs of the enterprise.

In parallel with the expansion of production space, there was an active construction of housing and kindergartens. In memory of G.L. Prosyankina had three of the most significant facts for life: the first nuclear submarine flew in 1964, the opening of the Palace of Culture named after the 50th anniversary of October (now the Zvezdochka Scientific and Technical Center) in 1967 and the first nuclear-powered icebreaker “ Lenin "in 1970. After the repair, the firstborn of the atomic icebreaking fleet conducted another 19 Arctic navigation.

Prosyankin, then director of Zvezdochka, recallled : “The second such test for us was the icebreaker Lenin. Factory workers worked on the icebreaker well, if necessary, and overtime. The law was valid: If they didn’t fulfill the shift task - don’t go home!”

Prosyankin, director of Zvezdochka, later recalled: “In 1964, our task was to deliver the first two repaired and re-equipped submarines to the Navy. The difficulties are big: the plant is not completed, there was not enough production capacity, neither people nor experience. Despite the great desire of the team to cope with the task, I realized that without the help of Sevmashpredpriyatiya we could not surrender these submarines. Therefore, when in the summer of 1964 I was summoned to the Sevmash enterprise in the office of Ye.P. Egorov, then Commander-in-Chief S.Gorshkov and Deputy Minister Yu.G. Derevianko, who had come from Moscow, told me directly: “There are no people. For delivery of two orders, Sevmashpredpriyatiya needs help — 250–300 people. ” The conversation turned out to be sharp. Yegorov lost his temper. As a result, each remained unconvinced.

Soon the second commission headed by Deputy Minister L.N. Rezunov arrived to remove him from work. However, neither the city nor the regional party committees gave their consent to this. So the commission and left with nothing. When they reported to Butome (Minister of the USSR Shipbuilding Industry - VS) about the results of his trip to Severodvinsk, he said: “When I put Prosyankin on Yagry, there were only sand dunes, and now there is a plant. We must help him. ” And then, indeed, the Sevmash enterprise really helped Zvezdochka very seriously. The crews, specialists who had experience in the delivery of nuclear submarines, came to the commissioning works.

By the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR dated January 18, 1971 for the successful fulfillment of the responsible task of the USSR Council of Ministers - repair and modernization of the world's first atomic icebreaker "Lenin", replacing the nuclear power plant with a new, more advanced and powerful enterprise "Zvezdochka" was awarded the Order of Lenin. By decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of April 26, 1971 for outstanding labor achievements in the implementation of the plans of the Eighth Five-Year Plan, the organization of the repair and modernization of the atomic icebreaker "Lenin", Grigory Lazarevich Prosyankinu was awarded the title Hero of Socialist Labor with the award of the Order of Lenin and the Sickle and Hammer gold medal.

From February 1972 to April 1986, he was Director of the Northern Machine-Building Enterprise. Thanks to knowledge and a special approach to leadership, the company for 14 years has become the industry leader. Without stopping production, reconstruction and modernization of the plant’s production capacities was carried out. Mastered the serial construction of strategic nuclear submarines of the second generation. For the Navy, the first nuclear-powered submarines of the third generation were built and commissioned, including the nuclear submarines of projects 685, 941. Those that still have no analogs in the world.

Under his leadership, the company mastered the construction of nuclear submarines of the second generation, carried out the reconstruction of production, the first nuclear submarines of the third generation were built and commissioned. By a decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR of April 18, 1984, the Lenin Prize was awarded for the creation of the lead nuclear submarine of the third generation of Project 949.

The submarines handed over to the fleet by Sevmash during the leadership of G.L.Prosyankin from 1972 to 1986, the acceptance certificate was signed for the following submarine:

  • Project 667 B (Delta - I) - K-279, K-447, K-450, K-385, K-457, K-465, K-460, K-472, K-475, K-171,
  • Project 667 BD (Delta - 2) - K-182, K-92, K-193, K-421,
  • Project 667 BDR (Delta-3) K-424, K-441, K-449, K-455, K-490, K-487, K-496, K-506, K-211, K-223, K- 180, K-433, K-129, K-44,
  • Project 705K (Alpha) - K-123, K-432, K-493,
  • Project 949 and 949A (Oscar-1 and Oscar-2), K-525, K-206, K-148, K-173,
  • Project 941 (Typhoon) - TK-208, TK-202, TK-12, TK-13,
  • Project 685 (Mike) - K-278, Project 677 BDRM (Delta 4) K-51, K-84, K-64.

In addition, K-114, K-117, K-18, TK-17, TK-20, K-132, K-119, K-480 were laid, enrolled in the fleet lists and launched under the Director G. L. Prosyankin.

Overall, the general director “touched” the construction of 51 nuclear submarines and the repair of 39 submarines.

A. Makarenko, General Director of Sevmash from 1986 to 1988, Hero of Socialist Labor, recalled: “Like any of us, Grigory Lazarevich had flaws. As a man of flesh of the people, he quite often used non-parliamentary expressions in his speech for greater clarity and ligament. Especially indecent it looked in relation to subordinates, and, even worse, he could reprimand the guilty in the presence of other persons. Once NG Orlov and I chose the right time and carefully asked the director to avoid rudeness. Then Grigory Lazarevich discouraged us with a question: can we call a case when he unjustly offended or dismissed a subordinate? There were really no such cases".

Prosyankin was a hard-working and responsible manager, and therefore tough and demanding of the team. Here is how he spoke about himself in one of the interviews: “On the test, I used to scold, and then worry about, for which I offended the guy. Easy it was necessary. I will sometimes make noise: “I will take off work!” And then I will depart and regret that I could not restrain myself. True, rarely anyone shot. Some of those who promised to take off, are still working. Awards, however, deprived, not to punish completely impossible. Impunity breeds irresponsibility. ”And yet the workers loved and respected their“ people's director ”. He helped a lot, supported. If I saw potential in a person, I treated him with great respect and appreciated. He was able to develop frames. Grigory Lazarevich had a phenomenal memory. He knew the names of the heads of workshops and workers, he remembered the reports and figures on the enterprise, the veterans of production.

The old-timers of the plant remember one of the last visits of Grigory Lazarevich to the "Star". Already on the territory he got out of the car - he decided to walk, to see how the enterprise now lives. He walked slowly, the car was driving him. The workers of the plant, seeing him, did not believe at first - such a person walked on his own too. The whisper of surprise grew with every minute and literally in a few minutes, everyone was already greeting him with a voice: “This is Prosyankin! This is our director! Greetings, Grigory Lazarevich! ”Employees approached, asked how they lived, what plans? Even after many years, Prosyankin was remembered, loved and waited at the factory.

Since 1986, G.L. Prosyankin has been retired. He was elected a member of the Arkhangelsk Regional Committee and the Severodvinsk City Committee of the CPSU, Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR (1975-1979). Delegate XXV Congress of the CPSU. He lived in the hero-city of Sevastopol. He was awarded three Orders of Lenin (25 of July 1966, April 26, 1971, March 25, 1974), Order of the Patriotic War of the 1st degree (March 11, 1985), and medals. Winner of the Lenin Prize (1984), State Prize of the USSR (1978). Freeman of Severodvinsk (January 11, 1980). On November 2, 1999, one of the Severodvinsk squares was named after GL Prosyankin. medals Winner of the Lenin Prize (1984), State Prize of the USSR (1978). Freeman of Severodvinsk (January 11, 1980). Medals include Winner of the Lenin Prize (1984), State Prize of the USSR (1978).

In 1986, Grigory Lazarevich left Severodvinsk and moved south - to Sevastopol after leaving for a well-deserved rest. He died on September 16, 1998. He was buried in the Alley of Heroes Cemetery "Kalf" in Sevastopol.

Grigory Lazarevich loved Severodvinsk very much. On November 2, 1999, one of the Severodvinsk squares was named after GL Prosyankin. On September 3, 2004, the architectural and sculptural composition “Star Ship” was opened on the square of G. Prosyankin, the bust of the legendary director of the Hero of Socialist Labor G. Prosyankin was a central element of this composition. In memory of him, two memorial plaques were installed in Severodvinsk: on the house in which he lived (Lenin Avenue, 10), and on the building of the Zvezdochka Scientific and Technical Center (near Prosiankina Square). By the decision of the Executive Committee of the Severodvinsk City Council of People's Deputies of January 11, 1980 No. 2, G.L.Prosyankin was awarded the title "Honorary Citizen of Severodvinsk".

In the 5-volume 1996 “History of the Domestic Shipbuilding” G. L. Prosyankin and “Zvezdochka” are mentioned only once, in the latest “Domestic Shipbuilding” edition of 2017 - neither “Zvezdochka”, nor G.L. Prosyankina. Moreover, Zvezdochka itself does not have a scientific publication about its history. “PO Sevmash” JSC published a thin book of memoirs “Two plants of Grigory Prosyankin”.

On September 3, 2004, the architectural and sculptural composition “Star Ship” was opened on the square of G. Prosyankin, the bust of the legendary director of the Hero of Socialist Labor G. Prosyankin was a central element of this composition. In memory of him, two memorial plaques were installed in Severodvinsk.

November 9, 2018 the name of Grigory Lazarevich will again go down in history. The ceremony of laying the heavy non-self-propelled floating crane PK-700 will take place in the Branch “Sevastopol Marine Plant” JSC “CS Zvezdochka”. By the decision of the Scientific and Technical Council of PO Sevmash, it was decided to assign the name of the great shipbuilder of the country, Grigory Lazarevich Prosyankin, to the new floating crane.

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Page last modified: 30-07-2019 18:45:59 ZULU