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Pavlovskoye Abrek Bay (at Strelok Gulf)
42°50'00"N 132°53'00"E

The primary Pacific Fleet operating bases are from Pavlovskoye [Pavlovsk] near Vladivostok and Rybachiy near Petropavlovsk. Pavlovsk is a bay. The town is near Fokino. The exact location of the Pavlovskoye Naval Base is uncertain, but it is presumably at the port of Nakhodka, on Pavlovsk Bay [Bukhta Pavlovskogo, 42°52'11"N 132°31'15"E], which is just to the east of Pavlovsk Cape [Mys Pavlovskogo, 42°45'41"N 132°53'42"E], both features being rather to the east of Vladivostok.

Strelok Bay is located due east of Ussuri Bay; it is about 6 1/2 miles Hong. Fogs are frequent at the entrance to the bay but seldom extend to its northern reaches. Strelok Bay only freezes at its northern end, and then, for only about 2-3 weeks a year during the most intense cold. In March, 1941 it was observed that this bay was apparently being used as a destroyer operating base; at the same time, much activity was seen on Askold Island south of Strelok Bay and that there was a destroyer operating base or dock in Nayezhdik Bay on its southern shore. Askold Island was believed to be heavily fortified with coast artillery emplacements. The naval base “Strelok” was the beginning of a new period in the development of the Pacific Fleet’s basing system, which has systematically turned into a powerful nuclear missile group of the Soviet Navy. The new base was subsequently named the Strelok Naval Base after the name of the strait between the island and the mainland on the way to the base. The new base began to be built strictly according to science, that is, not in pieces, but according to the previously developed zonal scheme and general plans of individual sites. The zonal scheme included not only the harbor for the parking of ships, special sites, residential and barracks towns, a ship repair plant, automobile and railroads, but also the production base of builders.

Before construction began, the industrial base was built first, and then, on its basis, the construction of the main facilities was started. The industrial base at that time was simply gorgeous. Precast concrete plant, stone and sand quarries, mechanization base, motor depot, roads and railways. The construction of the new naval base was quite successful, two years after its start the first ships arrived. By the end of 1957, a new naval association was organized, which was called the Strelok Naval Base. In the newly rebuilt residential town with four-story houses and comfortable apartments, they opened the first school in these parts, excellent and lovingly made, in which not only officer children, but also the children of residents of neighboring villages began to study. The first lesson in all classes was dedicated to the same topic - how to use toilets.

Shelters for submarines of the Pacific Fleet are based at Pavlovsk. According to unconfirmed information, the beginning of the construction of the facility was in the 1960s. In the 1980s, construction began to lose its pace, the shelter remained unfinished. Judging by the condition, all concrete work was completed, it remained only to do the interior decoration and fill the interior.

The central part of the shelter is 2 parallel tunnels interconnected by aisles. One tunnel is a water channel with a width of 19 meters and a length of 450 meters (according to our measurements, according to satellite measurements, the length is 650 meters), with a height of about 10-12 meters above the water level. The main hall of another tunnel has a length of 225 meters, a width of 8 meters, and a height of about 10-12 meters.

On the west coast there are 3 entrances connected to the main tunnels with passageways above them. The length of the longest stroke is approximately 200 meters. There is also another entrance in the inner part of the bay, presumably one more nearby in the forest and 2 ventilation outlets. In total, there are exactly 8 inputs / outputs, 2 ventilation, and, presumably, another rear. Shelter of enormous size, but it’s very difficult to estimate its true size, some passages are flooded. Also in the shelter was located 906 KP.

The shelter is located on the territory of the existing base of nuclear submarines. Access to its territory is prohibited and is guarded by patrols; there is the possibility of using weapons to kill without warning. There are radiation sources on the territory of the military unit; the background radiation is increased.

In 1991, the first Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty was signed (According to the treaty, the USSR and the USA had to reduce their nuclear arsenals within 7 years). The Soviet side undertook to protect the passages of underground structures located in the immediate vicinity of Ara Bay (Kola Peninsula), submarine base Yagelnaya (Kola Peninsula) and submarine base Pavlovsk (Primorsky Krai) for access to them floating equipment of any displacement, as well as abandon plans for the construction of such passages during the Treaty. Effective control over this was ensured, and is still ensured, with the help of national technical means. The Soviet side proceeded from the fact that the United States of America did not and will not build such underground structures during the duration of the Treaty.

It is worth noting that out of all such unfinished Soviet bases for submarines, this one was to become the most high-tech and perfect one, because began to be built later than the rest with the use of design solutions already tested at the brethren. Moreover, this was the only base whose canal was to be completely drained during repairs on submarines, and huge swing gates with hydraulic drives were to be installed on the portals of the canal instead of the batoport.

In a 29 July 1991 exchange of letters, the US stated that construction of any additional underground structures adjacent to waters in which ballistic missile submarines operate and comparable in size and configuration to the ones located in the immediate vicinity of the Ara inlet (Kola peninsula), the Yagelnaya submarine base (Kola peninsula), and the Pavlovskoye submarine base (Primorskiy kray), would raise concerns regarding compliance with the obligations of the START I agreement. In order to settle the issue of these underground structures once and for all, the Soviet side stated that these underground structures had no adits that make them accessible to waterborne craft of any displacement from adjacent waters and that the Soviet Union had no plans to construct and will not construct such adits as long as the Treaty remained in force.

Pavlovskoye is an inspectable submarine facility under the START-1 agreement. The United States and the Soviet Union signed the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) on 31 July 1991. When START entered into force on 05 December 1994, the signatories began to implement the Treaty's complex set of intrusive inspection and verification measures. As part of START's verification provisions, each signatory was required to declare all facilities related to ICBMs, submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs), and heavy bombers. The former Soviet Union (FSU) has declared over five dozen START-inspectable sites in all categories, including five SLBM facilities and six submarine facilities.

Two processing facilities have been constructed to processe the liquid wastes stored in old tankers in Pavlovsk Bay. As of 1997 the fleet was waiting for the Ministry for Nuclear Power to build a storage site for solid radioactive waste, prior to which the solid waste is stored in temporary sites. In December 1985, the reactor of the nuclear submarine K-431 (Project 675 - Echo-II class) overheated while the vessel was returning to base outside Vladivostok. It is now laid up at the naval base in Pavlovsk.

Primorye's ports play a key role in the krai's sea transport industry. The principal ice-free ports in the territory are Vladivostok, Nakhodka and Vostochnyi. Along with its commercial and fishing ports, Nakhodka also features a port specially designed to handle petroleum products. The commercial port emphasizes shipments to Magadan and the Arctic and import-export services involving transfer of lumber, grain and other commodities. Nakhodka's petroleum port handles oil products being shipped to destinations in the Russian Far East and points overseas. The port's annual turnover ranges from 4.5 to 5 million metric tons. Nakhodka's fishing port has annual turnover of about half a million tons.

Vostochnyi Port, which is located across the bay from Nakhodka, specializes in handling coal, industrial wood chips, containers and various types of general cargo and is one of the major ports in the Russian Far East. Vostochnyi leads Primorye's ports in annual cargo turnover (7.8 million tons, 88.5% of which is import-export freight) followed by Vladivostok (3.7 mln.tns., 72.8%) and Nakhodka (3.1 mln.tns., 96.5%).

Some 80% of all sea transport services along the Russian Far Eastern coast are provided by ships based in Primorskii Krai. Sea transport accounts for about half the combined revenue derived by all forms of transport in the krai. More than 43,000 people work in Primorye's portals and aboard krai-based vessels. The assets held by sea' transport companies account for 70% of all basic asset value in the transportation industry and 10% of all asset value in the krai.

Primorskii Krai is home to two major shipping com panics Vladivostok's Far Eastern Shipping company (FESCO) and the Primorskii Shipping Company of Nakhodka. Some 21.3% of FESCO's shipments are to foreign ports. Freight transport to settlements along the Arctic coast and northern areas of the Russian Far East account for another 33% of the company's annual volume. The Primorskii Shipping Company specializes in delivering petroleum products to domestic and foreign ports. The krai's shipping companies employ a varied assortment of dry-cargo freighters, container ships, bulk carriers, cargo barges, icebreakers, passenger liners and tankers, many of which are chartered for use on international lines.


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Page last modified: 13-09-2021 17:21:53 ZULU